of advecting fluids in the subsurface and the geochemical factors influencing the fate and transport of solutes. He has conducted numerous experiments at the laboratory and field scales, studying the fate and transformation of radionuclides in the environment. He has Ph.D. and M.S. degrees in environmental sciences from the University of Virginia.

Patricia Buffler (IOM) is professor of epidemiology and holds the Kenneth and Marjorie Kaiser Chair in Cancer Epidemiology in the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Buffler’s research interests include the environmental causes of cancer, especially gene–environment interaction and childhood cancer, lung cancer, leukemia, brain cancer, and breast cancer; epi-demiological research methods; and the uses of epidemiological data in health policy. She has served on numerous committees of the National Research Council, including the Committee on Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation, and Committee on Emerging Issues and Data on Environ mental Contaminants. Dr. Buffler was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 1994. She received a Ph.D. in epidemiology from the University of California, Berkeley.

Michel Cuney is director of the research team, Genesis and Management of Mineral Resources for the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) at the Henri Poincaré University in Nancy, France. He has worked mainly on the geochemistry of uranium in various geological environments since 1972. He has visited and/or worked on most major uranium deposits of the world, and has published about 180 scientific papers in this disciplinary area. Dr. Cuney is one of the world’s experts on the genesis of uranium deposits and uranium geology, and he will provide invaluable insights concerning mining techniques that would be used to extract uranium from deposits in Virginia as well as the possible effects on the local environment. Dr. Cuney received his Docteur es Sciences (Ph.D.) degree from Henri Poincaré University.

Peter L. DeFur is president of Environmental Stewardship Concepts, LLC (ESC), an independent private consulting firm in Richmond, Virginia. He is also an affiliate associate professor at the Center for Environmental Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, where he conducts research on environmental health and ecological risk assessment. Dr. DeFur has over 30 years’ experience providing technical services regarding the cleanup of contaminated sites to community organizations across the country. Dr. DeFur received B.S. and M.S. degrees from the College of William and Mary, and a Ph.D. in biology from the University of Calgary.

Mary English is a senior fellow at the Institute for a Secure and Sustainable Environment, the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. She is a social scientist who is familiar with the environmental effects of mining and related regulatory issues.

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