Environmental Protection—Overall, avoid the pollution of water, soil and air; optimize the use of natural resources and energy; and minimize any impact from the site and its activities on people and the environment. In so doing, include considerations of sustainability, bio-diversity and ecology in guarding against environmental impact.

PRINCIPLE 3: COMPLIANCE

Support the establishment of a suitable legal framework and relevant infrastructure for the management and control of radiation, occupational and public health and safety, waste and the environment. Ensure that all activities are authorized by relevant authorities and conducted in full compliance with applicable conventions, laws, regulations and requirements, including in particular the Safety Standard Principles of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Do so with careful consideration to the applicable IAEA Safety Standards. In recognition that effective interaction of operators (including contractors) and the appropriate regulatory authorities is essential to safety, ensure that operators and contractors are licensed, having met the requirement of relevant authorities.

PRINCIPLE 4: SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

At all stages of uranium mining and processing, properly inform—and seek, gain, and maintain support from—all potentially affected stakeholders, including employees, contractors, host communities, and the general public. Establish an open dialogue with affected stakeholders, carefully consider their views, and provide feedback as to how their concerns are addressed. (See the WNA Charter of Ethics in Annex 1 and, in Principle 6 herein, the text on Environmental Impact Assessment.)

PRINCIPLE 5: MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

Manage and dispose of all hazardous materials (radioactive or nonradioactive)—including products, residues, wastes and contaminated materials—in a manner that is safe, secure and compliant with laws and regulations.

Management of Hazardous Wastes and Contaminated Materials Act systematically to establish and implement controls to minimize risks from such wastes and contaminated materials. Take actions to maintain and treat sources of hazardous materials on-site wherever it is practicable to do so. Control and minimize any releases into the environment, using carefully planned strategies that involve pollution control technologies, robust environmental monitoring, and predictive modelling to ensure that people and the environment remain well protected. Rely where possible on proven, best available, industry-scale technologies. Focus particular attention on managing ore stockpiles and such potentially



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