Appendix F

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AEA

Atomic Energy Act

ALARA

as low as reasonably achievable

ALI

annual limit on intake

AMD

acid mine drainage

ANFO

ammonium nitrate fertilizer and fuel oil

ATSDR

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

BEIR

National Research Council Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation

Bq

Becquerel

CAA

Clean Air Act

California EPA

California Environmental Protection Agency

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDPHE

Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment

CERCLA

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CI

confidence interval

Ci

Curie

cm/s

cubic meters per second

CO2

carbon dioxide

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CT

computerized tomography

CWA

Clean Water Act



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Appendix F Acronyms and Abbreviations AEA Atomic Energy Act ALARA as low as reasonably achievable ALI annual limit on intake AMD acid mine drainage ANFO ammonium nitrate fertilizer and fuel oil ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry BEIR National Research Council Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation Bq Becquerel CAA Clean Air Act California EPA California Environmental Protection Agency CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDPHE Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act CFR Code of Federal Regulations CI confidence interval Ci Curie cm/s cubic meters per second CO2 carbon dioxide COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CT computerized tomography CWA Clean Water Act 342

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343 APPENDIX F DAC derived air concentration EAR estimated additional resources EIA environmental impact assessment EIS environmental impact statement ESRD end-stage renal disease Ga billion years ago GWe Gigawatt equivalent Gy Gray (unit) HKCa highly potassic calc-alkaline magmas IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection IR Inferred Resources ISL in situ leaching ISR in situ recovery (term used primarily in North America) K potassium km kilometers m meters MCL maximum contaminant level μg/L micrograms per liter μGy/h microGrays/hour MOU Memorandum of Understanding MOX mixed oxide MSHA Mine Safety and Health Administration MVOCs microbial volatile organic compounds My million years old Nb niobium NCI National Cancer Institute NCRP National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements NEA Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NLM National Library of Medicine NORM naturally occurring radioactive materials NPL National Priorities List NRC National Research Council

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344 APPENDIX F NRCS Natural Resources Conservation Service NURE National Uranium Resource Evaluation OECD Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development OR odds ratio OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration P 2O 5 phosphorus pentoxide PAl peraluminous magmas Pb lead picocuries per liter (1 × 10–12 Ci/L) pCi/L PEL permissible exposure limit PNEC predicted no-effect concentration ppm parts per million PR Prognosticated Resources Ra radium RAR Reasonably Assured Resources RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act REE rare earth elements REL recommended exposure limit rem roentgen equivalent in man (1 rem = 0.01 Sievert) Rn radon RR relative risk SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act SMR standardized mortality ratio SR Speculative Resources Sv Sievert Ta tantalum TAG technical assistance grant TENORM technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials Th thorium ThO2 thorianite (thorium oxide) Ti titanium tU metric tonnes uranium U uranium USDOE U.S. Department of Energy USDOT U.S. Department of Transportation USEIA U.S. Energy Information Administration

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345 APPENDIX F USEPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency USNRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission U 3O 8 triuranium octoxide, one form of yellowcake UMTRCA Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act UNSCEAR United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation UO2 uranium dioxide VA DEQ Virginia Department of Environmental Quality VA DGIF Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries VA DMME Virginia Department of Mining, Minerals and Energy VCCER Virginia Center for Coal and Energy Research VDH Virginia Department of Health VUI Virginia Uranium, Inc. WHO World Health Organization WL working level WLM working level month WNA World Nuclear Association YPLL years of potential life lost Zr zirconium