In addition to considering ethical and intellectual development, attention to the learners’ culture and environment is also important for effective curriculum development. As discussed above, prior understandings will affect how an individual interacts with the materials, and learning is enhanced when the learner perceives its relevance to them. The need for relevance underscores the importance of making materials adaptable to local settings and individual circumstances, for example by providing instructors with a range of suggestions for adapting a common curriculum to their own settings.

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