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Contributors

Samy Bengio is a research scientist at Google where his interests are centered on large-scale machine learning, in particular for ranking tasks, with applications to image processing, music, text processing, and combinations of these.

Michael Cafarella is an assistant professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Michigan. His research interests include databases, information extraction, and data mining, and he is particularly interested in applying data mining techniques to data management problems encountered on the Web and in the natural social sciences.

Andrew Christensen is president of Medical Modeling, Inc. in Golden, Colorado. His work is in the application of medical imaging technologies to patient treatment and in additive manufacturing of medical implants.

Timothy Denison is a technical fellow at Medtronic and director of neural engineering where he helps oversee the design of next-generation sensor, algorithm, and actuation technologies for the treatment of chronic neurological disease.

Evgeniy Gabrilovich is a senior research scientist at Yahoo! Research where he focuses on information retrieval, machine learning, computational linguistics, and enriching artificial intelligence applications with human knowledge.

John Haymaker is founder of Design Process Innovation in San Francisco. He investigates formal models for design and construction processes; builds computational methods to help engineers better communicate, integrate, and optimize



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Contributors Samy Bengio is a research scientist at Google where his interests are centered on large-scale machine learning, in particular for ranking tasks, with applications to image processing, music, text processing, and combinations of these. Michael Cafarella is an assistant professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Michigan. His research interests include databases, information extraction, and data mining, and he is particularly interested in applying data mining techniques to data management problems encountered on the Web and in the natural social sciences. Andrew Christensen is president of Medical Modeling, Inc. in Golden, Colorado. His work is in the application of medical imaging technologies to patient treatment and in additive manufacturing of medical implants. Timothy Denison is a technical fellow at Medtronic and director of neural engi - neering where he helps oversee the design of next-generation sensor, algorithm, and actuation technologies for the treatment of chronic neurological disease. Evgeniy Gabrilovich is a senior research scientist at Yahoo! Research where he focuses on information retrieval, machine learning, computational linguistics, and enriching artificial intelligence applications with human knowledge. John Haymaker is founder of Design Process Innovation in San Francisco. He investigates formal models for design and construction processes; builds compu - tational methods to help engineers better communicate, integrate, and optimize 145

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146 FRONTIERS OF ENGINEERING these processes; and looks for opportunities to apply these enhanced processes in industry to improve sustainability. Aleksandar Kuzmanovic is Lisa Wissner Slivka and Benjamin Slivka Chair in Computer Science and assistant professor in the Department of Electrical Engi- neering and Computer Science at Northwestern University. His work is in computer networking and distributed systems with emphasis on design, measurements, analysis, denial-of-service resiliency, and prototype implementation of protocols, algorithms, and large-scale systems for the Internet. Eric Leuthardt is a neurosurgeon and assistant professor in the Departments of Neurological Surgery and Biomedical Engineering at the Washington University School of Medicine. His research focuses on neuroprosthetics—devices linked to the brain that may restore neurologic function. He studies the use of surface cortical electrophysiology, known as electrocorticography, as a signal platform for brain computer interfaces. He integrates multiple domains of expertise ranging from engineering to neurosurgery to complex signal analysis. Hod Lipson is an associate professor in the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Cornell University. His research focuses on understanding the syn- thesis and function of complex engineering systems and their relationships to simi- larly complex systems in biology. He has been developing methods for automating the synthesis and analysis of a variety of systems across engineering and biological domains using principles inspired from biological evolution and co-evolution. Brett Lyons is a materials and process engineer at Boeing Research and Technol - ogy. His area of focus is material and process development for additive manufac- turing and polymer composites. Ani Nenkova is an assistant professor in the Department of Computer and Infor- mation Science at the University of Pennsylvania. She works on natural language processing where her main interests are in summarization, evaluation, discourse processing, and automatic prediction on text quality. John Ochsendorf is an associate professor in the Departments of Architecture and Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech - nology. His research focuses on the structural assessment of existing buildings and on the sustainable design of new structures. His research group has particular expertise in the static and dynamic assessment of historical masonry buildings and also has participated in the engineering design of new low-carbon buildings. Annie Pearce is an associate professor in the Myers-Lawson School of Construc- tion at Virginia Tech. Her areas of interest include metrics of sustainability for

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147 CONTRIBUTORS built facilities, green building materials and systems, cost modeling to support sustainability implementation, and in situ performance of sustainable facility technologies. Christopher Pyke is vice president of research at the U.S. Green Building Council in Washington, D.C. He directs a diverse research portfolio that includes next-generation green building rating systems, the assessment of building perfor- mance and occupant experience, and the study of market trends and dynamics. He has a particular interest in applications of advanced information technologies to accelerate market transformation and the diffusion of innovation. Rahul Sarpeshkar is an associate professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research areas are bioelectronics—biomedical and bio-inspired electronics (electronics inspired by cell biology and neurobiology); systems biology, syn - thetic biology, and analog circuit design of molecular and cellular circuits; ultra low-power, ultra miniature, and ultra energy-efficient circuits and systems; medical implants for the deaf, blind, paralyzed, and cardiac-impaired; and brain- machine interfaces. Carolyn Seepersad is an assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin. Much of her work focuses on design for additive and freeform manufacturing with an emphasis on products with customized meso- and micro-structures. She also conducts research in design innovation, sustainable design, and systems design optimization. Michael Siemer is president of Mydea Technologies in Orlando, Florida, which focuses on improving the utilization of rapid prototyping, 3D printing, and additive manufacturing technologies for low-volume production. Specific areas include rapid tooling, mass customization via parametric 3D modeling, and direct digital manufacturing. Alfred Spector is vice president of research and special initiatives at Google. Prior to that, he was vice president of strategy and technology and chief technical officer of IBM’s software business and vice president of services and software at IBM Research. He also was founder and CEO of Transarc Corporation, a pioneer in distributed transaction processing and wide area file systems, and an associate professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). While at CMU he did fundamental work in a number of areas, including the Andrew File System that changed the face of distributed computing. Jelena Srebric is a professor in the Department of Architectural Engineering at Pennsylvania State University. Her research seeks to understand physical transport

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148 FRONTIERS OF ENGINEERING processes in and around buildings and their modeling, including simulations and validation approaches. These efforts enable discoveries in novel building systems and engineering of urban settlements. Brent Stucker is a professor in the Department of Industrial Engineering at the University of Louisville. His area of research is additive manufacturing technolo - gies and their applications, including advanced materials development and multi- functional structures. Amarnag Subramanya is a research scientist at Google Research. His expertise is in the area of machine learning and natural language processing, and his inter- ests include semi-supervised learning, speech signal processing, multi-sensory fusion, and probabilistic models. Currently he is focusing on the applications of machine learning methods to solve problems in natural language processing. James Weiland is an associate professor in the Department of Ophthalmology at the Doheny Eye Institute at the University of Southern California. He is interested in technology to assist the blind, and the main focus of his research is an implant - able retinal prosthesis. His research group investigates the interface between the retina and the implantable stimulator in order to optimize the visual abilities of patients. They are also developing wearable computer vision systems for aiding blind people. Justin Williams is an associate professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Neurological Surgery at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research is focused on developing new technology for interfacing with the ner- vous system to study and treat neurological disease. He applies microtechnology to study the basic processes by which neurons and glial cells interact with their micro-environment in order to develop new implantable devices for extracting information from the nervous system to help treat disabilities. Zhiqiang (John) Zhai is an associate professor in the Department of Civil, Envi- ronmental, and Architectural Engineering at the University of Colorado, Boulder. His research and teaching interests are in integrated building systems, sustainable building technologies, and indoor environmental quality.