the Role of Human Factors in Home Health Care. He received his B.A. from Swarthmore College and his M.D. and M.Sc. from Harvard University, and is board certified in preventive medicine (occupational medicine).

Thomas J. Armstrong is a professor in the Departments of Industrial and Operations Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the University of Michigan. He is also director of the University of Michigan Center for Ergonomics and was director of the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Ergonomics. His research is concerned with performance and health issues in manual work and has focused on the development of methods for analyzing physical work requirements; the development of biomechanical models of hand function; analysis of the relationship between physical work requirements and musculoskeletal disorders; the design of workstations, hand tools, and keyboards; identification of ways of facilitating the return to work of injured workers; analysis and design of jobs for accommodation of restricted workers; and the design of ergonomic programs for control of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. He has conducted research and training within the automobile, aerospace, electronics, computer, office, and food processing industries. His research has resulted in numerous articles, book chapters, and reports on upper-limb biomechanics, carpal tunnel syndrome, tendinitis, job analysis, vibration, tools, workstations, and computer-aided design. Dr. Armstrong is on the editorial boards of Human Factors and Ergonomics, the Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, and the Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health. He is a fellow in the American Industrial Hygiene Association, the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering, the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, and the International Ergonomics Association. Dr. Armstrong served on the National Research Council committee that organized the Workshop to Evaluate Work-Related Musculoskeletal Injuries: The Research Base. Dr. Armstrong holds a B.S.E. in aerospace engineering; an M.P.H. in industrial health; and a Ph.D. in industrial health, physiology, and engineering, all from the University of Michigan.

Burt S. Barnow is the Amsterdam professor of public service and of economics at George Washington University. Prior to joining George Washington University, Dr. Barnow was associate director for research at Johns Hopkins University’s Institute for Policy Studies, where he worked for 18 years. Prior to that, he worked for 8 years at the Lewin Group and nearly 9 years at the U.S. Department of Labor, including 4 years as director of the Office of Research and Evaluation in the Employment and Training Administration. As a labor economist, Dr. Barnow focuses much of his work on labor markets; over the years he has conducted a number of studies looking at whether particular labor markets have experienced shortages of workers



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