a proposed project, another participant noted. Another promising avenue might be funding mechanisms, a participant suggested. If an HIA requirement were integrated into the funding arrangements for new developments, it might help to “integrate [HIA] into the way we conceptualize building our communities—and be a mechanism for considering the health impact of everything from walkability to the quality of the air we breathe.” This participant suggested that environmental impact statements have had the greatest benefit by affecting planning from the outset—once people are aware that minimizing environmental impacts is easiest if it is a design consideration from the beginning.

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