John H. Johnson, Chair, is a presidential professor emeritus in the Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics at Michigan Technological University (MTU) and a fellow of the SAE and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). His experience spans a wide range of analysis and experimental work on advanced engine concepts, diesel and other internal engine emissions studies, fuel systems, and engine simulation. He was previously project engineer at the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Center, and chief engineer in applied engine research at the International Harvester Company before joining the MTU mechanical engineering faculty. He served as chairman of the MTU mechanical engineering and engineering mechanics department from 1986 to 1993. He has served on many committees related to engine technology, engine emissions, and health effects—for example, committees of the SAE, the NRC, the Combustion Institute, the Health Effects Institute, and the Environmental Protection Agency—and consults to a number of government and private sector institutions. In particular, he served on many NRC committees, including the Committee on Fuel Economy of Automobiles and Light Trucks, the Committee on Advanced Automotive Technologies Plan, the Committee on the Impact and Effectiveness of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards, and the Committee to Assess Fuel Economy for Medium and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. He chaired the NRC Committee on Review of DOE’s Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies and the NRC Committee on Review of the 21st Century Truck partnership, Phase 1. Dr. Johnson received from SAE the Horning Memorial Award, Colwell Merit Award (two), McFarland Award, Myers Award for Outstanding Student Paper, the Franz Pischinger Powertrain Innovation Award, and the ASME Honda Medal. He received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Wisconsin.
Joseph M. Colucci (NAE) is president, Automotive Fuels Consulting, Inc., and retired executive director, Materials Research, General Motors Research and Development Center. His previous positions include serving as head, assistant head, research engineer, and senior research engineer, Fuel and Lubricants Department, General Motors Research and Development Laboratories. His research interest focuses on vehicle emissions and fuel economy and on the interactions among the engine, fuel system, fuel, and emissions-control system. Conventional engines (spark-ignition and diesel) and fuels (gasoline and diesel fuel), alternative fuels, and new vehicle propulsion systems (hybrids and fuel cells) are also among his current interests. These research topics have societal benefits for improved air quality and reduced vehicular energy consumption. Mr. Colucci has served on numerous technical advisory committees. He has a B.S.M.E. from Michigan State University and an M.S.M.E. from the California Institute of Technology.
David E. Foster is the Phil and Jean Myers professor of mechanical engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, and director of the Engine Research Center, which has won two center of excellence competitions for engine research and has extensive facilities for research on internal combustion engines. A member of the faculty at the University of Wisconsin since he completed his Ph.D., Dr. Foster teaches and conducts research in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, internal combustion engines, and emission formation processes. His work has focused specifically on combustion kinetics, emission formation processes, and the incorporation of simplified or phenomenological models of emission formation processes into engineering simulations. He has published extensively in this field throughout the world and for leading societies in this country. He is a recipient of the Ralph R. Teetor Award, the Forest R. McFarland Award, and the Lloyd L. Withrow Distinguished Speaker Award of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and he is an SAE Fellow. He has served on a number of NRC committees, including the Committee on Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles. He is a registered professional engineer in the
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Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members John H. Johnson, Chair, is a presidential professor emeritus ter. His previous positions include serving as head, assistant in the Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering head, research engineer, and senior research engineer, Fuel Mechanics at Michigan Technological University (MTU) and Lubricants Department, General Motors Research and and a fellow of the SAE and the American Society of Development Laboratories. His research interest focuses on Mechanical Engineers (ASME). His experience spans a vehicle emissions and fuel economy and on the interactions wide range of analysis and experimental work on advanced among the engine, fuel system, fuel, and emissions-control engine concepts, diesel and other internal engine emissions system. Conventional engines (spark-ignition and diesel) studies, fuel systems, and engine simulation. He was previ- and fuels (gasoline and diesel fuel), alternative fuels, and ously project engineer at the U.S. Army Tank Automotive new vehicle propulsion systems (hybrids and fuel cells) Center, and chief engineer in applied engine research at the are also among his current interests. These research topics International Harvester Company before joining the MTU have societal benefits for improved air quality and reduced mechanical engineering faculty. He served as chairman of vehicular energy consumption. Mr. Colucci has served on the MTU mechanical engineering and engineering mechan- numerous technical advisory committees. He has a B.S.M.E. ics department from 1986 to 1993. He has served on many from Michigan State University and an M.S.M.E. from the committees related to engine technology, engine emissions, California Institute of Technology. and health effects—for example, committees of the SAE, the David E. Foster is the Phil and Jean Myers professor of NRC, the Combustion Institute, the Health Effects Institute, and the Environmental Protection Agency—and consults to mechanical engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, a number of government and private sector institutions. In and director of the Engine Research Center, which has won particular, he served on many NRC committees, including two center of excellence competitions for engine research the Committee on Fuel Economy of Automobiles and Light and has extensive facilities for research on internal combus- Trucks, the Committee on Advanced Automotive Technolo- tion engines. A member of the faculty at the University of gies Plan, the Committee on the Impact and Effectiveness Wisconsin since he completed his Ph.D., Dr. Foster teaches of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards, and conducts research in thermodynamics, fluid mechan- and the Committee to Assess Fuel Economy for Medium ics, internal combustion engines, and emission formation and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. He chaired the NRC Committee processes. His work has focused specifically on combustion on Review of DOE’s Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies kinetics, emission formation processes, and the incorpora- and the NRC Committee on Review of the 21st Century tion of simplified or phenomenological models of emission Truck partnership, Phase 1. Dr. Johnson received from SAE formation processes into engineering simulations. He has the Horning Memorial Award, Colwell Merit Award (two), published extensively in this field throughout the world McFarland Award, Myers Award for Outstanding Student and for leading societies in this country. He is a recipient Paper, the Franz Pischinger Powertrain Innovation Award, of the Ralph R. Teetor Award, the Forest R. McFarland and the ASME Honda Medal. He received his Ph.D. in Award, and the Lloyd L. Withrow Distinguished Speaker mechanical engineering from the University of Wisconsin. Award of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and he is an SAE Fellow. He has served on a number of NRC Joseph M. Colucci (NAE) is president, Automotive Fuels committees, including the Committee on Review of the Consulting, Inc., and retired executive director, Materials Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation Research, General Motors Research and Development Cen- of Vehicles. He is a registered professional engineer in the 139
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140 REVIEW OF THE 21ST CENTURY TRUCK PARTNERSHIP, SECOND REPORT Dynamics. His more recent publications are “Globalization State of Wisconsin and has won departmental, engineering Within the Auto Industry” and “Adapting GM Research to a society, and university awards for his classroom teaching. New Corporate Strategy,” both published in IRI’s Research He received a B.S. and M.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Wisconsin and a Ph.D. in mechanical Technology Management. engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. John G. Kassakian (NAE) is professor of electrical engi- Larry J. Howell is a consultant to industry and government, neering and former director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT’s) Laboratory for Electromagnetic and specializing in the management of research for business Electronic Systems. His expertise is in the use of electronics innovation, automotive technology, and vehicle structures for the control and conversion of electrical energy, industrial and materials. He retired from General Motors (GM) in 2001 and utility applications of power electronics, electronic as Executive Director, Science, of the General Motors R&D manufacturing technologies, and automotive electrical and Center’s six science labs (Thermal and Energy Systems’ electronic systems. Before joining the MIT faculty, he served Electrical and Controls Integration; Manufacturing Systems; in the U.S. Navy. Dr. Kassakian is on the boards of directors Materials and Processes; Chemical and Environmental Sci- of a number of companies and has held numerous positions ences; and Vehicle Analysis and Dynamics). Dr. Howell had with the IEEE, including founding president of the IEEE global responsibility for joint research with universities, gov- Power Electronics Society. He is a member of the NAE, a ernment agencies, and GM’s alliance partners. He also served fellow of the IEEE, and a recipient of the IEEE’s William as secretary to GM’s Science Advisory Committee, which E. Newell Award for Outstanding Achievements in Power reports to GM’s Board of Directors on technology matters. Electronics (1987), the IEEE Centennial Medal (1984), and Prior to his promotion to executive director, he served the IEEE Power Electronics Society’s Distinguished Service as department head of the Engineering Mechanics Depart- Award (1998). He is a co-author of the textbook Principles of ment at GM R&D. In this position, he had responsibility for Power Electronics and has served on a number of NRC com- research in vehicle structures and materials, vehicle noise mittees, including the Committee on Review of the Research and vibration, vehicle aerodynamics, and vehicle safety Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles including vehicle crashworthiness and occupant protection. and the Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Pro- For many years, he was a member of GM’s safety subcom- gram. He has an Sc.D. in electrical engineering from MIT. mittee. Later, as executive director, he had responsibility for all of GM’s safety research including stability and control David F. Merrion is chairman of David F. Merrion LLC; technology (e.g. GM’s StabiliTrak system for reducing the and chairman of Truck Emission Control Technologies, potential for spin-out and roll-over) and accident avoid- Inc. He is the retired executive vice president of engineer- ance systems such as adaptive cruise control. He was also ing for Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC). His positions at a member of GM’s manufacturing manager council. He DDC included staff engineer, Emissions and Combustion; received GM’s john M. Campbell Award in 2000 for out- staff engineer, Research and Development; chief engineer, standing contributions to: “Advancements in the Engineering Applications; director, diesel engineering; general director, Capability of General Motors and Leadership Excellence Engineering (Engines and Transmissions); and senior vice in all Phases of GM R&D Activities.” Prior to joining GM, president, Engineering. Mr. Merrion has extensive expertise Dr. Howell worked for General Dynamics Corporation as in the research, development, and manufacturing of advanced senior dynamics engineer and was a principal investigator on diesel engines, including alternative-fueled engines. He is NASA contracts focused on the structural dynamics of the a Society of Automotive Engineers fellow and a member Space Shuttle. He has served on the College on Engineer- of American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He served ing advisory board of the University of Illinois and Western as president of the Engine Manufacturers Association, a Michigan University. He represented GM as a member of the member of the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) Industrial Research Institute (IRI), has served on the Board of Mobile Sources Technical Advisory Committee, a member Directors, and is an emeritus member of the IRI. Dr. Howell of the Coordinating Research Council, and a member of the has served on several National Research Council panels, U.S. Alternate Fuels Council. He has served on a number including: Use of Lightweight Materials in 21st Century of National Research Council committees, including the Army Trucks; Benefits of DOE’s Light-Duty Hybrid Vehicle Standing Committee to Review the Research Program of the R&D Program; and Review of the 21st Century Truck Part- Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles; the Commit- nership. He has also served as a reviewer of several NRC tee on Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Phase reports. Dr. Howell received a B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in aero- 1; and the Committee to Assess Fuel Economy Technolo- nautical and astronautical engineering from the University of gies for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. He has a B.S. Illinois, Urbana, Illinois. He also completed the Executive in mechanical engineering from General Motors Institute program at Dartmouth’s Amos Tuck School of Business (Kettering University) and an M.S. degree in mechanical Administration. He has published 27 journal articles and engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 25 internal company reports at General Motors and General
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141 APPENDIX A Thomas E. Reinhart is program manager, Engine Design hybrid electric, battery electric, fuel cell, and military vehicle & Development, Engine, Emissions and Vehicle Research development. In addition, he was responsible for regula- D ivision, Southwest Research Institute. His previous tory analysis and compliance for safety and emissions. Mr. p ositions include: Cummins, Inc., Columbus, Indiana, Robertson holds an M.B.A. degree from Michigan State 1980-2000 (NVH Engineer, 1980-1984, Senior Engineer, University, a master’s degree in automotive engineering from Midrange Engine NVH, 1984-1987, Manager, Noise & the Chrysler Institute, and a master’s degree in mechani- Vibration Technology, 1987-1994, Director, Noise & cal sciences from Cambridge University, England. He is a Vibration Technology, 1994-2000); Roush Industries, Inc., member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow Livonia, Michigan (Program Manager–Powertrain NVH, of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers (U.K.), a chartered 2001-2004), Visteon Corporation, Van Buren Township, engineer (U.K.), and a fellow of the Society of Automotive Michigan (Senior Manager–Chassis Systems NVH, 2004- Engineers. 2005). He is leading projects in engine design, performance Charles K. Salter is retired after working 39 years with and emissions development, as well as in gasoline and diesel engine NVH improvement. He has led a number of Mack Trucks, Inc./Volvo PowerTrain NA (3.5 years). His programs, including several emissions reduction projects, experience covers a wide range of heavy-duty diesel engine as well as the clean sheet design and development of a new engineering and development. His most recent position off-highway diesel engine. Mr. Reinhart has more than 25 was as executive director of engine development, where years of experience in diesel engine and powertrain design, he was responsible for all engine/system functions (design analysis, and development, with particular expertise in noise and analysis; emissions control/fuel economy optimization; and vibration testing and analysis. He has published 14 electronics system development; performance durability technical papers on a range of diesel NVH topics. He has a testing; manufacturing, supplier, sales and service liaison). wide range of experience in the NVH issues of applications This responsibility included design and production introduc- ranging from trucks through agricultural equipment, con - tion of the world’s first fully electronically controlled diesel struction, forestry, marine, rail, and military vehicles. Mr. unit pumps for 12-liter, six-cylinder engines in 1990. He Reinhart has worked with customers on a range of issues, jointly initiated (with Detroit Diesel) and developed, with including NVH, drivability, fuel consumption, and adapta- the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and various tion of engines to a wide range of applications. Mr. Reinhart industry participants, a urea infrastructure for targeted 2007 holds four patents for ideas related to diesel engine NVH calendar year engine production (then delayed to 2010). He control. For several years, he was a member of Cummins’ participated in industry collaborative research through the patent review committee. His work experience also covers a U.S. Department of Energy Diesel Crosscut Committee, wide range of development projects on gasoline and diesel which was part of the 21st Century Truck Partnership. He engines, as well as on transmissions and on fuel cell vehicle was a consultant to Volvo PowerTrain NA from 2005 to 2007 powertrains. He is a member of the Institute of Noise Con- on an advanced large truck diesel exhaust gas recirculation trol Engineering (INCE), International Institute of Acoustics cooler vibration study/amelioration and on heavy-duty truck and Vibration (IIAV), SAE, and has been a member of the hybrid powertrain duty cycle test procedure development for Board of Directors of INCE since April 2008. He has also comparative fuel consumption (EPA/industry/Hybrid Truck been a member of the organizing committee for the SAE Users Forum). He has been a member of the Society of Auto- Noise & Vibration Conference since 2002, and chairman of motive Engineers for 43 years; an organizer for World Con- the Diesel Noise session at this conference since 2003. He gress technical sessions on heavy-duty diesel fuel injection has an M.S. in mechanical engineering, Purdue University, systems for several years; and company representative to the and a B.S. in mechanical engineering, Purdue University. Engine Manufacturers Association for 25 years, including 13 years on its board of directors, where he has been treasurer, Bernard Robertson (NAE) is the president of BIR1, LLC, vice president, and president. He holds a B.S. in mechani- an engineering consultancy specializing in transportation cal engineering from Pennsylvania State University and an and energy matters that he founded in January 2004, upon M.S. in engineering, solid mechanics, from the University his retirement from DaimlerChrysler Corporation. Dur- of Maryland. ing the latter part of his 38-year career in the automotive Kathleen C. Taylor (NAE) is retired director of the Materi- industry, Mr. Robertson was elected an officer of Chrysler Corporation in February 1992. He was appointed senior vice als and Processes Laboratory at General Motors Research president coincident with the merger of Chrysler Corporation and Development and Planning Center in Warren, Michigan. and Daimler-Benz AG in November 1998, and was named Dr. Taylor was simultaneously chief scientist for General senior vice president of engineering technologies and regula- Motors of Canada, Ltd. in Oshawa, Ontario. Earlier Dr. tory affairs in January 2001. In his last position, he led the Taylor was department head for physics and physical chem- Liberty and Technical Affairs Research Group, Advanced istry and department head for environmental sciences. Cur- Technology Management and FreedomCAR activities, and rently, Dr. Taylor serves on the DOE Hydrogen Technology
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142 REVIEW OF THE 21ST CENTURY TRUCK PARTNERSHIP, SECOND REPORT Advisory Committee, the Transportation Research Board Company’s North American vehicles. His technical responsi- Committee for a Study of Potential Energy Savings and bilities have included low emission technologies for internal Greenhouse Gas Reduction from Transportation, the board combustion engines; analytical and laboratory based pow- of the National Inventors Hall of Fame, and the Advisory ertrain calibration with objective measures of driveability, Committee for Columbia University Center for Electron the first domestic production OBD II (On-Board Diagnostic) Transport in Molecular Nanostructures. Dr. Taylor was system; technology for diesel particulate filters (DPF) with awarded the Garvan Medal from the American Chemical active regeneration; electronic control systems for gasoline Society. She is a member of the National Academy of Engi- and diesel engines; low heat rejection and low friction, direct neering, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and injection diesel engines; and an ultra low emission, gas tur- the Indian National Academy of Engineering and a fellow bine combustion system. Today he is a consultant to indus- of SAE International and the American Association for the try and government. Mr. Wade was elected to the National Advancement of Science. She was the president of the Mate- Academy of Engineering in 2011 for implementation of rials Research Society and chair of the board of directors of low-emission technologies in the automotive industry. He is the Gordon Research Conferences. She has expertise in R&D a fellow member of the Society of Automotive Engineers and management, fuel cells, batteries, catalysis, exhaust emission the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He received control, and automotive materials. She received an A.B. in the Henry Ford Technology Award and has been recognized chemistry from Douglass College and a Ph.D. in physical as a Distinguished Corporate Inventor by the National Inven- chemistry from Northwestern University. tors Hall of Fame. He has received five SAE Arch T. Colwell Awards and the SAE Vincent Bendix Automotive Electronics Wallace R. Wade (NAE) was chief engineer and technical Engineering Award. He has received 26 patents related to fellow, Powertrain Systems Technology and Processes, Ford improvements in powertains and has written 25 published Motor Company, Dearborn, Michigan, where he served for technical papers on powertrain research and development. 32 years prior to his retirement. He was responsible for the He has an M.S.M.E. degree from the University of Michigan, development, application, and certification of emission and and a B.M.E. degree from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, powertrain control system technologies for all Ford Motor both in mechanical engineering.