I

Acronyms and Abbreviations

21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership
ABS antilock braking system
A/C air conditioning
ACES Advanced Collaborative Emission Study
AEC MOU Advanced Engine Combustion Memorandum of Understanding
AH ampere-hour
AHHPS advanced heavy hybrid propulsion system
ALVW adjusted loaded vehicle weight
ANL Argonne National Laboratory
APBF advanced petroleum based fuels
API American Petroleum Institute
APU auxiliary power unit
ARC Automotive Research Center
ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
AT aftertreatment
ATA American Trucking Association
ATRI American Transportation Research Institute
AVTA Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity
   
BAC blood alcohol content
bbl/day barrels per day
bhp-h brake horsepower-hour
BMEP brake mean effective pressure
BSHR brake specific heat rejection
BTE brake thermal efficiency
BTL biomass-to-liquids
BTU British thermal unit
   
CAC compressor after cooler
CARB California Air Resources Board
CAT Caterpillar
CDL commercial driver’s license
CERDEC Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center
CFD computational fluid dynamics
CH4 methane
CLEERS Crosscut Lean Exhaust Emission Reduction Simulations
CLOSE Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions
CMV commercial motor vehicle
CO carbon monoxide
CO2 carbon dioxide
CO2-eq CO2-equivalent
CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
CRC Coordinating Research Council
CRS Caterpillar Regeneration System
CTEI Commercial Traffic Effects Institute
   
DCT Diesel Crosscut Team
DDC Detroit Diesel Corporation
DEC Diesel Emission Control
DEER Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (formerly Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research)
DEF Diesel Exhaust Fluid
DERA Diesel Emission Reduction Act
DME dimethyl ether
DOC diesel oxidation catalyst
DOD U.S. Department of Defense
DOE U.S. Department of Energy
DOT U.S. Department of Transportation
DPF diesel particulate filter
DPIM Dual Power Inverter Model
   
ECU environmental control unit
EERE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Office of)
EGR exhaust gas recirculation
EIA Energy Information Administration
EISA Energy Independence and Security Act
EMA Engine Manufacturers Association


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OCR for page 174
I Acronyms and Abbreviations 21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership CH4 methane CLEERS Crosscut Lean Exhaust Emission Reduction ABS antilock braking system Simulations A/C air conditioning CLOSE Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on ACES Advanced Collaborative Emission Study Emissions AEC MOU Advanced Engine Combustion CMV commercial motor vehicle Memorandum of Understanding CO carbon monoxide AH ampere-hour CO 2 carbon dioxide AHHPS advanced heavy hybrid propulsion system CO2-eq CO2-equivalent ALVW adjusted loaded vehicle weight CRADA Cooperative Research and Development ANL Argonne National Laboratory Agreement APBF advanced petroleum based fuels CRC Coordinating Research Council API American Petroleum Institute CRS Caterpillar Regeneration System APU auxiliary power unit CTEI Commercial Traffic Effects Institute ARC Automotive Research Center ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act DCT Diesel Crosscut Team ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials DDC Detroit Diesel Corporation AT aftertreatment DEC Diesel Emission Control ATA American Trucking Association DEER Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emis- ATRI American Transportation Research Institute sions Research (formerly Diesel Engine- AVTA Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Efficiency and Emissions Research) DEF Diesel Exhaust Fluid BAC blood alcohol content DERA Diesel Emission Reduction Act bbl/day barrels per day DME dimethyl ether bhp-h brake horsepower-hour DOC diesel oxidation catalyst BMEP brake mean effective pressure DOD U.S. Department of Defense BSHR brake specific heat rejection DOE U.S. Department of Energy BTE brake thermal efficiency DOT U.S. Department of Transportation BTL biomass-to-liquids DPF diesel particulate filter BTU British thermal unit DPIM Dual Power Inverter Model CAC compressor after cooler ECU environmental control unit CARB California Air Resources Board EERE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy CAT Caterpillar (Office of) CDL commercial driver’s license EGR exhaust gas recirculation CERDEC Communications-Electronics Research, EIA Energy Information Administration Development and Engineering Center EISA Energy Independence and Security Act CFD computational fluid dynamics EMA Engine Manufacturers Association 174

OCR for page 174
175 APPENDIX I HPV high productivity vehicle (aka LCV) EMD engine manufacturer diagnostic HTHS high temperature high shear EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency HTML High Temperature Materials Laboratory EPAct 2005 Energy Policy Act of 2005 HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning EPS Electrified Parking Spaces HVD high-volatility diesel ESC electronic stability control HWFET highway fuel economy test EU European Union IC internal combustion FACE Fuels for Advanced Combustion Engines ICE internal combustion engine FAME fatty acid methyl esters IGBT insulated gate bipolar transistor FCFP FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership IRS Internal Revenue Service FCVT FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies ISG integrated starter-generator (Office of) ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation FHWA Federal Highway Administration Efficiency Act FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration ITS Intelligent Transportation Systems FMVSS Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards IVBSS Integrated Vehicle-Based Safety Systems FOA Funding Opportunity Announcement FOH fuel-operated heater JCAP Japanese Clean Air Program FOT field operational test JCS Johnson Controls-SAFT F-T Fischer-Tropsch JP-8 Jet Propellant 8 FTP Federal Test Procedure FY fiscal year KOH potassium hydroxide kWh kilowatt-hour GAC granular activated carbon gal gallon L liter g/bhp-h grams per brake horsepower-hour LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory GCW gross combined weight lb pound GES General Estimates System LCFS Low Carbon Fuel Standard GFIC ground-fault interrupter circuit LCV Long Combination Vehicle (aka HPV) GHG greenhouse gas LD light-duty g/mi grams per mile LDT light-duty truck gpm gallons per mile LDT1 light-duty truck 1 GPS global positioning system LDV light-duty vehicle GREET Greenhouse Gas Regulated Emissions, and LDW lane departure warning Transportation LEV Low Emission Vehicle GTL gas-to-liquid LHDDE light heavy-duty diesel engine GVW gross vehicle weight LI lithion-ion GVWR Gross Vehicle Weight Rating LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LNT lean NOx trap HC hydrocarbon LP low pressure HCCI homogeneous-charge compression ignition LSD low sulfur diesel HD heavy-duty LS/SF long sleeper tractor and straight frame HECC High Efficiency Clean Combustion LTC low-temperature combustion HEI Health Effects Institute LVW loaded vehicle weight HEMTT Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck HEV hybrid electric vehicle µm micrometer HFC halogenated fluororcarbon MBRC Miles Between Road Call HFRR high frequency reciprocating rig MD/HD medium-duty/heavy-duty HHDDE heavy heavy-duty diesel engine MDPV medium-duty passenger vehicle HHDDT Heavy Heavy-Duty Dieset Truck MDV medium-duty vehicle HHV hybrid heavy-duty electric vehicle MET More Electric Truck HLA hydraulic lift assist MFC Model Fund Consortium HMMWV High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled MHDDE medium heavy-duty diesel engine Vehicle MHDV medium- and heav-duty vehicle HP high pressure mi mile hp horsepower

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176 REVIEW OF THE 21ST CENTURY TRUCK PARTNERSHIP, SECOND REPORT mpg miles per gallon PZEV Partial Zero Emission Vehicle mph miles per hour msec millisecond R&D research and development MYPP Multi-Year Program Plan RFS Renewable Fuels Standards rpm revolutions per minute N 2O nitrous oxide NAC National Automotive Center SAE Society of Automotive Engineers NAC NOX Absorber Catalysts SCR selective catalytic reduction NASA National Aeronautics and Space SECA Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance Administration SET Supplemental Emission Test NCSU North Caroline State University SI spark-ignited NEC National Electric Code SNL Sandia National Laboratories NETL National Energy Technology Laboratory SNS Spellation Neutron Source NFAC National Full-Scale Aerodynamics Complex SO2 sulfur dioxide NHWBS next-generation wide base single (tires) SOFC solid oxide fuel cell NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety STEP Shorepower Truck Electrification Project Administration SULEV Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle nm nanometer SUV sport utility vehicle NMHC nonmethane hydrocarbon NOX oxides of nitrogen 21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership NPBF non-petroleum based fuels TACOM U.S. Army Tank-Automotive Command NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking TARDEC Tank-Automotive Research, Development NRC National Research Council and Engineering Center NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory TMA Truck Manufacturers Association NTE Not-to-Exceed TRB Transportation Research Board NTP National Toxicology Program TSE truck stop electrification NTSB National Transportation Safety Board UDDS Urban Dynamic Driving Schedule OBD on-board diagnostic UFP ultra-fine particulates OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation ULEV Ultra Low Emission Vehicle and Development ULSD ultralow-sulfur diesel OEM original equipment manufacturer USABC U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium OHVT Office of Heavy Vehicles Technology USCAR U.S. Council for Automotive Research ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory UTQGS Uniform Tire Quality Grading System PART Program Assessment Rating Tool V2I vehicle to infrastructure PC passenger car V2V vehicle to vehicle PCCI pre-mixed charge compression ignition VG variable geometry PEM polymer electrolyte membrane VIUS Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle VMT vehicle miles traveled PM particulate matter VSST Vehicle Systems Simulation and Testing PM2.5 particulate matter smaller than 2.5 VT viscous transmission micrometers in diameter (also PM10) VVA variable valve actuation PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles WBS wide base single PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Wh/kg watt-hours per kilogram ppm parts per million WHR waste heat recovery PSAT Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit psi pounds per square inch ZEV Zero Emission Vehicle PTO power take-off