The committee requested that the budgets for the 21CTP projects of all four agencies be provided for its review, but only the DOE was able to provide a budget for 21CTP activities (see Chapter 1, Table 1-2). Because there are no specific 21CTP budget lines at the EPA, DOD, and DOT, the committee is not aware of a specific list of 21CTP projects and corresponding funding levels for these agencies; it never received a well-defined list of such projects and budgets. Even in the case of the DOE, light-duty vehicle and heavy-duty vehicle work overlaps in some cases, in areas such as combustion or lightweight materials, and so there is at times some difficulty in defining exactly what projects are considered part of the 21CTP, although leveraging the results of light-duty work for heavy-duty vehicles is appropriate. In addition, it was difficult for the committee to ascertain the level of resources that is being contributed by the private sector.
In the case of the DOE, technology programs are developed to meet a cascading series of goals that begin at the President’s National Energy Policy and culminate (at the program level) with specific technology goals. Figure 2-2 illustrates that pattern schematically.
The DOE focuses its technology research and development (R&D) investments specifically in high-risk areas or on activities with uncertain or long-term outcomes that are of national interest but would most likely not be pursued by industry alone. Program activities include research, development, testing, technology validation, technology transfer, and education. These activities are aimed at developing technologies that could achieve significant reductions in vehicle fuel consumption and the displacement of oil by other fuels that ultimately can be produced domestically in a clean and cost-competitive manner.
FIGURE 2-2 Department of Energy goal setting process for technology programs. SOURCE: DOE, Responses to Committee Queries on 21CTP, Management and Process Issues. Transmitted by e-mail from Ken Howden, DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies (formerly the Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies [FCVT]).