nificant increase from the zero budget for heavy-duty hybrid R&D over the past 3 years would be required.
Recommendation 4-5. The 21CTP should establish plans and develop realistic budgets for accomplishing the six new stretch goals for heavy-duty hybrid vehicles in accordance with the committee’s findings, explain the rationale behind the new goals, and provide the current status of the applicable technology for each of the goals so that the magnitude of the tasks for each can be assessed.
The DOE concurs with the recommendations regarding hybrid powertrains made in the NRC Phase 1 report (see Recommendations 4-1 through 4-9 in NRC, 2008). In the energy storage area, the DOE recognizes that current light- duty battery work may not necessarily apply to heavy-duty applications. A DOE-sponsored meeting on energy storage, held in January 2011, provided a crosscut of light-duty/heavy-duty work (see Appendix C in this volume, presenting the 21CTP Response to Finding 4-2 and Recommendation 4-2 on hybrids). The DOE plans activities to increase codes and standards work for hybrid components. It has plans to explore additional power density needs for heavy-duty applications, and two of the SuperTruck projects include hybridization of Class 8 trucks. One recommendation (Recommendation 4-7 in NRC, 2008) addressed the structure of the partnership between the DOD, the DOT, and the DOE. Given the separate funding mechanisms of these agencies, the DOE acknowledges their central role in fostering cross- agency communications. The DOE plans to explore strategic alliances with stakeholder organizations.
ACEEE (American Council for Energy-Efficient Economy). 2009. Tax Credits for Heavy-Duty Hybrids. Available at http://www.aceee.org/blog/2009/01/tax-credits-heavy-duty-hybrids. Accessed December 1, 2010.
DOE (U.S. Department of Energy). 2010. Multi-Year Program Plan 2011-2015. Washington, D.C.: Office of Vehicle Technologies, December.
DOE. 2011. Hybrid Propulsion White Paper, February 28, 2011. Submitted by the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies to the committee on behalf of the 21st Century Truck Partnership.
Eaton Corporation. 2009. Hybrid Solutions for MD Commercial Vehicles. ERC Symposium, University of Wisconsin, Madison, June 10, 2009.
EPA/NHTSA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency/National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). 2010. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles. Dockets No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2010-0162 and No. NHTSA-2010-0079. October 25. Available at http://www.regulations.gov.
EPA/NHTSA. 2011. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles. Federal Register, Vol. 76, No. 179, September 15. Available at http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/rulemaking/pdf/cafe/2011-20740.pdf.
Global Refining & Fuels Today. 2011. ADA Technologies Receives US$70K for R&D from U.S. Army. February 8, 2011, Vol. 3, Issue 25. Available at http://www.worldfuels.com/newsletters/Global-Refining-Fuels-Today/3/25/.
Greszler, A. 2009. Presentation by Anthony Greszler to the House Committee on Science and Technology Subcommittee on Energy and Environment. March 24.
NRC (National Research Council). 2008. Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.
NRC. 2010. Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption on Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.
NRC. 2011. Assessment of Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.
Parker Hannifin. 2010. Parker’s Hydraulic Hybrid Technology Helps Truck Owners Exceed Proposed Federal Fuel Efficiency and Emissions Standards. Press Release. November 23, 2010. Available at http://www.parker.com. Accessed November 30, 2010.
TIAX. 2009. Assessment of Fuel Economy Technologies for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. Report prepared for the National Academy of Sciences by TIAX, LLC. for the Committee to Assess Fuel Economy Technologies for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. July 31. Cupertino, Calif.