work, adding Iraqi scientist interactions to his portfolio. In 2009, he was appointed as the National Science Foundation program director for plasma physics.

Mary Alice Hayward is Vice President for Strategy, Government and International Affairs at AREVA Inc. in North America. Previously she was Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy and Negotiations in the Department of State’s Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation. Her portfolio included preventing the smuggling of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their delivery systems, implementing international threat reduction programs, developing nuclear nonproliferation policies, tracking, controlling, and securing dangerous materials, including fissile and radiological materials and pathogens, conducting multilateral arms control, nonproliferation, and WMD terrorism negotiations, and developing and shaping nuclear energy policy. Ms. Hayward also served at the U.S. General Accountability Office, the Senate Armed Services Committee, the Department of Energy and the National Security Council where her portfolios focused on reviewing, evaluating and developing policies for the Cooperative Threat Reduction program for the states of the former Soviet Union.

Mark F. Mullen is a project manager in the Nuclear Nonproliferation Division at LANL. He currently serves as the National Technical Director for the Materials Protection, Accounting and the Control (MPC&A) Technology Program, supporting the Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. He previously served as Assistant Director, Domestic Nuclear Detection Office, Department of Homeland Security, where he led the Systems Architecture directorate. He has more than 30 years of experience in nuclear nonproliferation, WMD threat reduction, homeland security, domestic and international nuclear safeguards and security, and nuclear safety and regulatory issues. Mr. Mullen was deeply involved in early U.S.-Russian cooperative threat reduction programs beginning in 1992, and was one of the principal architects of DOE’s laboratory-to-laboratory MPC&A program, which sparked a rapid expansion in U.S.-Russian MPC&A cooperation in the mid-1990s.

Gregory S. Parnell is a professor of systems engineering at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and is now on sabbatical as a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the U.S. Air Force Academy. His research focuses on decision analysis, risk analysis, resource allocation, and systems engineering for defense; intelligence; homeland security; research and development; and environmental applications. He is Chairman of the Board and a senior principal with Innovative Decisions, Inc., an analytics consulting firm. Parnell is a former president of the Decision Analysis Society of the Institute for Operations Research and Management Science (INFORMS) and of the Military Operations Research Society (MORS). He has also served as editor of Journal of Military Operations Research. Parnell has published more than 100 papers and book chapters and has co-edited Decision Making for Systems Engineering and Management, Wiley Series in Systems Engineering (2nd Ed, Wiley and Sons, 2011). He has received several professional awards, including the U.S. Army Dr. Wilbur B. Payne Memorial Award for Excellence in Analysis, MORS Clayton Thomas Laureate, two INFORMS Koopman Prizes, and the MORS Rist Prize. He chaired the NRC Committee on Methodological Improvements to the Department of Homeland Security’s Biological Agent Risk Analysis (2008). He is a fellow of MORS, INFORMS, the International Committee for Systems Engineering, and the Society for Decision Professionals. He received his B.S. in aerospace engineering from the State University of New York at Buffalo, his M.E. in industrial and systems engineering from the University of



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