the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology. He also held senior management positions with Science Applications International Corporation. He received a B.S. in aeronautical engineering from St. Louis University, an M.S. in aeronautical and astronautical engineering from the University of Michigan, and an M.S. in systems management from the University of Southern California.

W. PETER CHERRY recently retired from his position as chief analyst at Science Applications International Corporation, where his research interests included the design, development, and test and evaluation of large-scale systems with emphasis on network centricity. He has focused on the development and application of operations research in the national security domain, primarily in the field of land combat. He contributed to the development and fielding of most of the major systems currently employed by the Army, ranging from the Patriot Missile System to the Apache helicopter, as well as the command, control, and intelligence systems currently in use. In addition, he contributed to the creation of the Army’s Manpower Personnel and Human Factors and Training Program and to the Army’s Embedded Training Initiative. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has a B.A. from the University of New Brunswick and an M.A. from the University of Toronto, both in mathematics. He also holds an M.S. and Ph.D. in industrial and operations engineering from the University of Michigan.

JOHN D. CHRISTIE is senior fellow at the Logistics Management Institute. He has an extensive background in U.S. Department of Defense acquisition policy, program analysis, and resource allocation, having served as director of acquisition policy and program integration for the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition. In that position, he prepared a comprehensive revision of all defense acquisition policies and procedures, resulting in the cancellation and consolidation of 500 prior separate issuances. He also prepared comprehensive acquisition program alternatives for the secretary of defense that resulted in budget reductions of billions of dollars. He has S.B., S.M., E.M.E., and Sc.D. degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, all in mechanical engineering.

THOMAS P. CHRISTIE, an independent consultant, last served as the director of operational test and evaluation for the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD). In that position, he advised and consulted with the secretary of defense and senior assistants in setting DOD policy and procedures for the testing of new weapon systems, weapons support systems, equipment, and munitions. In his career at DOD, he also served as



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