program regarding GNSS. Key observations from the workshop include the following: (1) it is beneficial for technology advancement and construction of the BeiDou system and GPS system to strengthen technical exchanges and cooperation between CAE and NAE in the GNSS field; (2) it is valuable to enhance academic exchanges and mutual understanding between technical personnel on both sides to improve technologies together; and (3) such academic exchange activities may be organized regularly or irregularly as needed.
Talent exchanges could include: consulting services; technology and scientific exchange, such as organizing technical conferences; and training from both sides. Specific activities may include: China inviting U.S. experts to give seminars to Chinese researchers and engineers; the United States inviting Chinese experts to visit U.S. institutions and enterprises and to communicate with U.S. experts; and the sending and receiving of visiting students and scholars.
In conclusion, the U.S. and Chinese delegates experienced a very useful exchange of knowledge and experience in the field of GNSS. As Dr. Vest stated in his opening remarks, “We have one world, and only one set of global resources. It is important to work together on satellite navigation. Competing and cooperation is like Yin and Yang. They need to be balanced.” This NAE-CAE Workshop on GNSS achieved the balance between such Yin and Yang of the U.S. and Chinese sides and has hopefully provided a basis for mutually beneficial and fruitful cooperation in the future.
The reader is invited to review papers from the conference presented in the following pages.