power, RFI was characterized. The fact that the interference source was moving complicated the characterization.
THE SCENARIO AT EWR
NJT runs by the GBAS facilities (Figure 1). There was intermittent severe degradation or loss-of-lock in GBAS reference receivers. There were also additional GPS receivers/antennas installed at the GBAS shelter to record more detailed information when severe GBAS degradation was noted—one antenna with moderate directivity that was pointing horizontal northward along NJT, and one omni-directional pointing up. Of course, received interference power was greatest during the closest approach of the interference source. This resulted in negative elevation angles, so gain was low, but approximate azimuth direction could be observed.
The spectral peak of Antenna 1 is observed at GPS TOW1 (GPS Time of Week of event 1); the spectral peak of Antenna 2 is observed at GPS TOW2
FIGURE 1 The scenario at EWR.
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Impact of Intentional, Low Power, In-Band, Personal Privacy Devices (PPDs) on Aviation--A.J. Van Dierendonck ."
Global Navigation Satellite Systems: Report of a Joint Workshop of the National Academy of Engineering and the Chinese Academy of Engineering . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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