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222 WATER REUSE Singer, H., S. Mueller, C. Tixier, and L. Pillonel. 2002. Triclosan: Snyder S.A., J. Leising, P. Westerhoff, Y. Yoon, H. Mash and B. Occurrence and fate of a widely used biocide in the aquatic en- Vanderford. 2004. Biological and physical attenuation of en- vironment: Field measurements in wastewater treatment plants, docrine disruptors and pharmaceuticals: implications for water surface waters, and lake sediments. Environmental Science & reuse. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation. 24(2): Technology 36(23): 4998-5004. 108-188. Singer, P., and D. A. Reckhow. 2010. Chemical Oxidation. Wa- Snyder, S. A., B. J. Vanderford, and D. J. Rexing. 2005. Trace analy- ter Quality and Treatment Handbook, 6th Ed. New York: sis of bromate, chlorate, iodate, and perchlorate in natural and McGraw-Hill. bottled waters. Environmental Science & Technology 39(12): Slifko, T., D. Huffman, and J. Rose. 1999. 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Toxicological Relevance of Slovic, P. 1993. Perceived risk, trust, and democracy. Risk Analysis EDCs and Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water. Denver, CO: 13: 675-682. American Water Works Research Foundation. Available at Slovic, P., M. Finucane, E. Peters, and D. G. MacGregor. 2002. The http://environmentalhealthcollaborative.org/images/91238_ affect heuristic. In T. Gilovich, D. Griffin, and D. Kahneman, Toxicological_Relevance.pdf. eds., Heuristics and Biases: The Psychology of Intuitive Judg- Snyder, S., B. Vanderford, J. E. Drewes, E. Dickenson, E. M. ment. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 397-420. Snyder, G. M. Bruce, and R. C. Pleus. 2008b. State of Knowl- Slovic, P., M. Finucane, E. Peters, and D. MacGregor. 2004. Risk as edge of Endocrine Disruptors and Pharmaceuticals in Drink- analysis and risk as feeling: Some thoughts about affect, reason, ing Water. Denver, CO: American Water Works Research risk, and rationality. Risk Analysis 24: 311-322. Foundation. Slye, J. L, J. H. Kennedy, D. R. Johnson, S. F. Atkinson, S. D. Dyer, Snyder, S. A., B. D. Stanford, A. N. Pisarenko. G. Gordon, and M. Ciarlo, K. Stanton, H. Sanderson, A. M. Nielsen, and B. B. M. Asami. 2009. Hypochlorite—an Assessment of Factors Price. 2011. Relationships between benthic macroinvertebrate That Influence the Formation of Perchlorate and Other Con- community structure and geospatial habitat, in-stream chem- taminants. Denver, CO: American Water Works Association istry, and surfactants in the effluent-dominated Trinity River, Research Foundation. Available at http://www.awwa.org/files/ Texas USA. Environmental Toxicology 30(5): 1127-1138. GovtPublicAffairs/PDF/HypochloriteAssess.pdf. Accessed Snyder, S. A. 2007. Evaluation of Conventional and Advanced November 20, 2011. Treatment Processes to Remove Endocrine Disruptors and Snyder, S. A., M. Benotti, F. Rosario-Ortiz, B. Vanderford, J. E. Pharmaceutically Active Compounds. Denver, CO: American Drewes, and E. Dickenson. 2010a. 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