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OCR for page 227
Acronyms ABS alkylbenzenesulfonate ADD average daily dose ADI acceptable daily intake AGI acute gastrointestinal infection AOP advanced oxidation process APEO alkylphenol polyethoxylate ARR artificial recharge recovery ASR aquifier storage and recovery AWWA American Water Works Association BAF bioaccumulation factor BASINS Better Assessment Science Integrating Point and Nonpoint Sources BCF bioconcentration factor BGD billion gallons per day BNR biological nutrient removal BOD biochemical oxygen demand BPA bisphenol A CCE carbon-chloroform extract CCL Contaminant Candidate List CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDPH California Department of Public Health CEC contaminant of emerging concern CERP Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan CRWS Central Regional Wastewater System CSF cancer slope factor CWA Clean Water Act CWD chronic wasting disease DALYs disability-adjusted life years DBP disinfection byproduct 227
OCR for page 228
228 ACRONYMS DOC dissolved organic carbon DOE Department of Energy ED electrodialysis EDR electrodialysis reversal EE2 ethinyl estradiol EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ERA ecological risk assessment FDA Food and Drug Administration FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act GWRC Global Water Research Coalition GWRS groundwater replenishment system HAAs haloacetic acids HIV human immunodeficiency virus IPR indirect potable reuse IU infectious unit IWF21 Interim Water Factor 21 JECFA Joint Expert Commission on Food Additives KWRP Kwinana Water Reclamation Plant LOAEL lowest observed adverse effect level LOEC lowest observed effect concentration MBR membrane bioreactor MCL maximum contaminant level MCLG maximum contaminant level goal MDWASD Miami Dade Water and Sewer Department MF microfiltration MGD million gallons per day MIB methylisoborneol MMWD Marin Municipal Water District MOE margin of exposure MOS margin of safety NDMA nitrosodimethylamine NDWAC National Drinking Water Advisory Council NEPA National Environmental Policy Act NGO nongovernmental organization NJDEP New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection NOEC no observed effect concentration NOM natural organic matter
OCR for page 229
229 ACRONYMS NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NPDWR National Primary Drinking Water Regulation NRC National Research Council NTU nephelometric turbidity unit O&M operation and maintenance OCWD Orange County Water District OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OWD Oceanside Water Department PCCL Preliminary Contaminant Candidate List PCR polymerase chain reaction PEC predicted environment concentration PFOA perfluorooctanoate PFOS perfluorooctane sulfonate PNEC predicted no-effect concentration PPCP pharmaceuticals and personal care products QALYs quality-adjusted life years RBAL Risk-Based Action Level RBF riverbank filtration RfD reference dose RO reverse osmosis RQ risk quotient RWC recycled water contribution SAR sodium absorption ratio SAT soil aquifer treatment SCVWD Santa Clara Valley Water District SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act SDWRP South District Water Reclamation Plant SFWMD South Florida Water Management District SWAQ Subcommittee on Water Availability and Quality SWFWMD Southwest Florida Water Management District TDI tolerable daily intake TDS total dissolved solids TEF toxicity equivalency factor TEQ toxic equivalents THM trihalomethane TN total nitrogen TOC total organic carbon TOR threshold of regulation TOX total organic halides TP total phosphorus TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act
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230 ACRONYMS TSS total suspended solids TTC threshold of toxicological concern UCMR Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Regulation UIC underground injection control UOSA Upper Occoquan Service Authority USAID U.S. Agency for International Development USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USBR U.S Bureau of Reclamation USGS U.S. Geological Survey WET whole effluent toxicity WERF Water Environment Research Foundation WHO World Health Organization WRP water reclamation plant YAR yeast androgen receptor YES yeast estrogen