(Category 2) and the posting of voluntarily provided data (Category 3).20 In addition to the examples discussed in this chapter, there are numerous other examples of public release by government agencies of safety-related data on products or firms; some of these are briefly summarized in Box 3-1.

Box 3-1

Examples of Sharing of Safety-Related Data on the Internet

Airborne Contaminants. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration posts some of its compliance-monitoring information on airborne contaminants released from personal, area, and bulk samples in industrial sites. URL: http://www.osha.gov/opengov/healthsamples.html.

Hospital Measures of Outcome of Care. Medicare publishes hospital-specific rates of outcome of care, which indicate what happened after patients with particular conditions were treated in the hospital. URL: http://data.medicare.gov/dataset/Hospital-Outcome-Of-Care-Measures/f24z-mvb9.

Safety in the Transportation Industry. The Bureau of Transportation Statistics publishes multiple datasets on transportation accidents and exposure to safety risks (for example, measured in aviation incidents, accidents, or fatalities). URL: http://www.bts.gov/programs/safety/index.html.

Safety of Nuclear Plants. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission posts plant-specific safety-inspection reports and licensees’ performance indicators. URL: http://www.nrc.gov/NRR/OVERSIGHT/ASSESS/index.html.

Safety of Motor Vehicles and Equipment. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration posts data on safety for the consumer, such as ratings of cars and tires (http://www.safercar.gov/Vehicle+Shoppers/5-Star+Safety+Ratings/2011-Newer+Vehicles and http://www.safercar.gov/Vehicle+Shoppers/Tires/Tires+Rating) and children’s car seats (http://www.nhtsa.gov/Safety/Ease-of-Use); a list of all vehicle, equipment, and tire safety-recall campaigns from 1966 to the present (http://www-odi.nhtsa.dot.gov/recalls/); consumer complaints related to the safety of motor vehicles and motor-vehicle equipment (http://wwwodi.nhtsa.dot.gov/complaints/); and investigations of specific vehicles, tires, and equipment (http://wwwodi.nhtsa.dot.gov/cars/problems/defect/defectsearch.cfm).


20As described in Chapter 2, Category 1 data arise from the activities of agencies as part of their normal enforcement and compliance efforts. Category 2 data arise from the outcomes of enforcement and compliance efforts that have been interpreted by others for use by end users. Category 3 data are collected by agencies from voluntary programs not in conjunction with normal enforcement and compliance efforts but nonetheless intended to provide information.

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