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APPENDIX A Committee Member Biographies Lee-Ann Jaykus (Chair), PhD, is a professor in the Department of Food, Bioprocessing, and Nutrition Sciences and the Department of Microbiology of North Carolina State University. Her current research efforts are diverse and include the development of molecular methods to detect foodborne pathogens (Noroviruses, hepatitis A virus, and such bacterial agents as Campylobacter and Salmonella) in foods, such as preanalytical sample processing; investigation of persistence and transfer of pathogens in the food-preparation environment; and the application of quantitative microbial risk-assessment methods to food safety. Dr. Jaykus has collaborated on large, multi-institutional projects to investigate the prevalence of pathogens in domestic and imported fresh produce and to study the ecology of pathogenic Vibrio species in molluscan shellfish that originate in the Gulf of Mexico. Her professional memberships include the International Association for Food Protection (which she serves as president), the American Society for Microbiology, the Institute of Food Technologists, the Society for Risk Analysis, and the Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. Dr. Jaykus served as a member of the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods; the joint National Research Council–Institute of Medicine Standing Committee for the Review of Food Safety and Defense Risk Assessments, Analyses, and Data; the National Research Council Committee for Review of the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) Risk-Based Approach to Public Health Attribution; and the joint National Research Council–Institute of Medicine Committee on the Review of the Food and Drug Administration’s Role in Ensuring Safe Food. Dr. Jaykus earned her PhD in environmental science and engineering in the School of Public Health of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Julie A. Caswell, PhD, is a professor in and the chair of the Department of Resource Economics at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Her research interests include the operation of domestic and international food systems, analysis of food-system efficiency, and evaluation of government policy as it affects systems operation and performance, with emphasis on the economics of food quality, safety, and nutrition. Dr. Caswell has provided her expertise on food-safety and labeling issues to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. She has held numerous senior positions with the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association and the Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association and was a Fulbright Distinguished Lecturer in Italy in 2009. Dr. Caswell has served on several joint National Research Council–Institute of Medicine committees: the Committee on Implications of Dioxin in the Food Supply (2001–2003), the Committee on the Review of the Food and Drug Administration's Role in Ensuring Safe Food (2008– 2011), the Food Forum (2005–2010), the Planning Committee on Future Trends in Food Safety: Changing Market Forces, Emerging Safety Issues, and Economic Impact (2008), and the Committee on Nutrient Relationships in Seafood: Selections to Balance Benefits and Risks (2004–2006). Dr. Caswell holds a joint PhD in agricultural economics and economics from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. 71
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James S. Dickson, PhD, is a professor in the Department of Animal Science of Iowa State University (ISU). He has 18 years of tenure at ISU and served as the chair of the Department of Microbiology from 1998 to 2003. Before his career at ISU, Dr. Dickson held a post with the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service as a research food technologist and lead scientist. His research focuses on microbiological safety of food of animal origin, sanitization of these foods, and postprocessing survival of bacteria in foods. Dr. Dickson developed predictive Salmonella growth-control models that are cost-effective and of interest to USDA regulatory programs. He is a certified Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points instructor and has participated in a variety of local and international training courses, including those for food-industry audiences in Japan, China, and Singapore. Dr. Dickson served on the joint National Research Council–Institute of Medicine Committee on the Review of the Use of Scientific Criteria and Performance Standards for Safe Food and was chair of the joint National Research Council– Institute of Medicine Subcommittee on Meat and Poultry, both from 2001 to 2003. Dr. Dickson was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology in 1994 and is a member of the American Society for Microbiology and the Institute of Food Technologists. Dr. Dickson holds a PhD in food science and technology from the University of Nebraska. John R. Dunn, PhD, DVM, is the deputy state epidemiologist in the Communicable and Environmental Diseases Services of the Tennessee Department of Health. He has held the position of state public-health veterinarian since 2007 and is the director of foodborne, vector-borne, and zoonotic diseases. Dr. Dunn also serves as an adjunct professor in the Department of Comparative Medicine of the University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine and as an assistant clinical professor of preventive medicine in the Department of Preventive Medicine of Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. He is a member of the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, the American Veterinary Medical Association, and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists. Among the honors he has received is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Distinguished Service Award in 2006. He serves as the committee cochair of the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians Compendium of Measures to Prevent Disease Associated with Animals in Public Settings and chairman of the Tennessee Food Safety Taskforce. Dr. Dunn received his PhD in epidemiology and DVM from Louisiana State University. Stephen Fienberg (NAS), PhD, is Maurice Falk University Professor of Statistics and Social Science at Carnegie Mellon University. His principal research interests lie in the development of statistical methods, especially for problems involving categorical variables. Initially, he worked on the general statistical theory of log-linear models for categorical data, including approaches appropriate for disclosure, estimating the size of populations, and Bayesian approaches to the analysis of contingency tables. His research on disclosure limitation for categorical data, and on confidentiality privacy and security more broadly, has led to the creation of a new on-line journal, the Journal of Privacy and Confidentiality, of which he is editor-in-chief. Dr. Fienberg serves on the editorial board of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America and was elected a member of NAS in 1999. He is also a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the Royal Society of Canada. He has served on 29 National Research Council, NAS, and Institute of Medicine committees and panels. He chaired the Committee on National Statistics in 1981–1987 and has served as cochair of the Report Review Committee since 2012. Dr. Fienberg received a PhD in statistics from Harvard University. William K. Hallman, PhD, is chair of the Department of Human Ecology and director of the Food Policy Institute of Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. He is a member of the Graduate Faculties of Psychology, Nutritional Sciences, and Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers. Recent research projects have looked at consumer perceptions and behaviors related to agricultural biotechnology, animal cloning, avian influenza, accidental and intentional food-contamination incidents, and food recalls. Dr. Hallman recently served on the National Research Council Committee on an Evaluation of the Food Safety Requirements of the Federal Purchase Ground Beef Program. His current research projects include studies 72
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of public perceptions of and responses to food-safety risks, the use of nanotechnology in food, public understanding of health claims made for food products, and food safety and security among homebound elderly Americans. Dr. Hallman serves on the Executive Committee of Rutgers Against Hunger (RAH) and helped to found the New Brunswick Community Farmers Market. His recent honors include the 2009 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Investigator Award in Health Policy Research. He earned his PhD in experimental and social psychology from the University of South Carolina. Ginger Zhe Jin, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Economics of the University of Maryland (UMD). Before her appointment at UMD in 2000, Dr. Jin received her PhD in economics from the University of California, Los Angeles. Her primary fields of research are industrial organization, evaluating the role of information in population health, and family economics. Most of her research focuses on information asymmetry among economic agents and how to provide information to overcome the information problem. In 2003, she examined the effect of hygiene report cards on restaurant hygiene and foodborne illness in Los Angeles. Dr. Jin’s other seminal studies include rating of health-care organizations, advertising and learning about prescription drugs, on-line trading, and the interfamilial interaction between parents and children. She is now working on peer-to-peer lending, research misconduct, inspector behavior in regulatory enforcement, and several projects related to China's economic development, health insurance, and air quality. Among her honors is serving, since 2008, as coeditor of the Journal of Economics and Management Strategy and International Journal of Industrial Organization. She has been a faculty research fellow of the National Bureau of Economic Research since 2005. Gale Prince, BS, has more than 40 years of experience in food safety, quality control, sanitation, workplace safety, and regulatory compliance. He spent nearly 30 years at the Kroger Company as director of corporate regulatory affairs, where his major responsibilities included regulatory matters related to food and product safety and crisis management related to product safety for manufacturing plants and retail stores. Mr. Prince serves on numerous boards and committees, including the Food Protection Committee of the Food Marketing Institute and the Food Technical and Regulatory Affairs Committee of the American Bakers Association. Mr. Prince has served on the Board of Directors of the United Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Association and the Suspicious Orders Task Force of the US Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Agency. He is an honorary lifetime member and past president of the International Association for Food Protection (IAFP) and a member of the Association of Food and Drug Officials, the International Association for Food Protection, and the Institute of Food Technologists. He has received several awards for his expertise, including the IAFP Harry Haverland Citation Award in 2006 and other awards from the US Food and Drug Administration and the Association of Food and Drug Officials. Mr. Prince received a BS degree from Iowa State University. Donald Schaffner, PhD, is an extension specialist in food science and a professor in the Department of Food Science of Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. His research interests include quantitative microbial risk assessment and predictive food microbiology. He is the author of more than 100 peer- reviewed publications, book chapters, and abstracts and has received almost $5 million in grants and contracts. Dr. Schaffner has educated thousands of food-industry professionals through numerous short courses and workshops in the United States and more than a dozen other countries. He has served on committees with the UN World Health Organization (WHO) and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). He is a past member of joint National Research Council–Institute of Medicine committees, including the Standing Committee on the Use of Public Health Data in U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service Food Safety Programs, and has chaired two expert workshops on microbial risk for WHO–FAO. Dr. Schaffner is an editor of the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology. He was elected a fellow of the Institute of Food Technologists in 2010 and was elected the secretary of the International Association for Food Protection in 2010, a 5-year commitment ending with his service as the president of the organization. Dr. Schaffner holds a PhD in food science and technology from the University of Georgia. 73
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Kathleen Segerson, PhD, is the Philip E. Austin Professor of Economics at the University of Connecticut. She has been a full professor at the university since 1996. She was the head of the Department of Economics from 2001 to 2005. Dr. Segerson specializes in natural-resource economics, in particular, the economics of environmental regulation. She is a member of the Chartered Executive Board of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Science Advisory Board and previously served as the vice chair of the Advisory Board’s Committee on Valuing the Protection of Ecological Services and Systems. She was a member of the US General Accounting Office’s Expert Panel on Climate Change Economics from 2007 to 2008 and often serves on external review committees for the US Department of Agriculture. She has also served on three National Research Council study committees: the Committee on Assessing and Valuing the Services of Aquatic and Related Terrestrial Ecosystems (2002–2004), the Committee on the Causes and Management of Coastal Eutrophication (1998–2000), and the Committee on Improving Principles and Guidelines for Waste Resources Planning by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (2008– 2010). She serves on the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources of the National Academies. In 2008, she was named a fellow by both the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association and the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists. Dr. Segerson earned a PhD from Cornell University in 1984. Christopher A. Waldrop, MPH, is the director of the Food Policy Institute of the Consumer Federation of America, a nonprofit association. He directs research, analysis, advocacy, and media outreach for all food-policy activities at the institute. He regularly monitors food-safety activities of the US Department of Agriculture, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and Congress, where he advocates for strong food-safety protections for consumers. He also coordinates the Safe Food Coalition, a group of consumer, trade-union, and foodborne-illness victim organizations dedicated to reducing foodborne illness by improving government food-inspection programs. Mr. Waldrop served on two joint National Research Council–Institute of Medicine committees: the Committee on Review of the Methodology Proposed by the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) for Follow-Up Surveillance of In-Commerce Businesses and the Committee on Review of the Methodology Proposed by the Food Safety and Inspection Service for Risk-Based Regulation of In-Commerce Activities. He is a member of the Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue and serves on the Board of Directors of the Partnership for Food Safety Education, a nonprofit organization dedicated to providing consumers with information about safe food- handling practices. Mr. Waldrop also serves on the FDA Food Advisory Committee, which advises the commissioner on emerging food-safety, food-science, nutrition, and other policy-related health issues. Mr. Waldrop has an advertising degree from Texas Tech University and an MPH from Johns Hopkins University. He served as a Peace Corps volunteer in Ghana as a community health educator. David Weil, PhD, is a professor of economics and Everett W. Lord Distinguished Faculty Scholar at the Boston University School of Management. He also serves as codirector of the Transparency Policy Project at the Ash Institute of Harvard Kennedy School. His research spans regulatory and labor-market policy, industrial and labor relations, occupational safety and health, and transparency policy. He has written three books, including Full Disclosure: The Perils and Promise of Transparency (Cambridge University Press, 2007) and the award-winning Stitch in Time: Lean Retailing and the Transformation of Manufacturing (Oxford University Press, 1999). In addition, he is the author of over 75 articles and publications in a variety of refereed economics, public-policy, management, and industrial-relations journals and books and numerous publications in nonacademic outlets. Dr. Weil has worked as an adviser to the US Department of Labor (DOL) Wage and Hour Division, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and a number of other government agencies. He also served as mediator and adviser in a variety of labor-union and labor–management settings around the world, including the National Planning Association Working Group on Workplace Regulation (1995). His research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, DOL, the National Institutes of Health, the Russell Sage Foundation, the 74
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and the Smith Richardson Foundation. Dr. Weil received his PhD in public policy from Harvard University. 75
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