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value for four of the five indicators, the gap in degrees awarded in mathematics and computer science is still high.

On the whole, gender gaps in educational outcomes differ between advanced economies and developing countries. In the former, girls perform better than boys, whereas they lag behind in the latter. In advanced economies, coming from a disadvantaged socio-economic background has a larger negative effect for male students while in developing countries the negative effect is larger for girls.

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FIGURE E-1-1. Panel A. Secondary Enrollment Rate and Tertiary Attainment — Male Gap to Female (in Percentages)



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