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Sex-Specific Reporting of Scientific Research SEX-SPECIFIC REPORTING OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH A WORKSHOP SUMMARY Theresa M. Wizemann, Ph.D. Rapporteur Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington, D.C. www.nap.edu
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Sex-Specific Reporting of Scientific Research __________________ THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. This study was supported by Contract N01-OD-4-2139, TO 246 between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Institutes of Health. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-22524-3 International Standard Book Number 10: 0-309-22524-8 Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu. For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at: www.iom.edu. Copyright 2012 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin. Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2012. Sex-specific reporting of scientific research: A workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
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Sex-Specific Reporting of Scientific Research
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Sex-Specific Reporting of Scientific Research THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. www.national-academies.org
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Sex-Specific Reporting of Scientific Research PLANNING COMMITTEE ON SEX-SPECIFIC REPORTING OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH: A WORKSHOP1 NANCY E. ADLER (Chair), Professor of Medical Psychology, Vice Chair of the Department of Psychiatry, Director of the Center for Health and Community, University of California, San Francisco MARIETTA ANTHONY, Director of Women’s Health, Critical Path Institute FLOYD BLOOM, Executive Director of Scientific Communications, Professor Emeritus, Scripps Research Institute JEROME P. KASSIRER, Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine JON LEVINE, Director of the Wisconsin National Primate Research Center, Professor of Neuroscience, University of Wisconsin–Madison HAROLD C. SOX, Editor Emeritus, Annals of Internal Medicine Study Staff MICHELLE C. CATLIN, Study Director TREVONNE WALFORD, Research Assistant ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice HOPE HARE, Administrative Assistant NORMAN GROSSBLATT, Senior Editor 1Institute of Medicine planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshops, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. Responsibility for the published workshop summaries rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.
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Sex-Specific Reporting of Scientific Research __________________ This page is blank.