C

Planning Committee Biosketches

Nancy E. Adler, Ph.D. (Chair), is professor of medical psychology in the Department of Psychiatry and the Department of Pediatrics, vice chair of the Department of Psychiatry, and director of the Center for Health and Community at the University of California, San Francisco. She is a social psychologist by training. Her research interests include the effects of risk perception on reproductive and sexual health decision-making and identification of mechanisms by which socioeconomic status (SES) influences health. In the field of risk perception, she has studied how adolescents’ perceptions of risk of sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy influence sexual behavior and use of contraceptives. Dr. Adler’s research on SES and health has focused on how social, psychologic, and biologic factors associated with SES act together to determine the onset and progression of disease and how the relationship of SES and health may depend on sex and ethnicity. She is the author of over 150 articles, books, and book chapters and is currently a member of the editorial boards of Annals of Behavioral Medicine, the Journal of Health Psychology, and the Journal of Applied Social Psychology. Dr. Adler was elected to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1994. She served as a member of the IOM Committee on Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (1995–1997) and chaired the Committee on Psychosocial Services to Cancer Patients/Families in a Community Setting (2006–2007). Dr. Adler received her Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard University.



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C Planning Committee Biosketches Nancy E. Adler, Ph.D. (Chair), is professor of medical psychology in the Department of Psychiatry and the Department of Pediatrics, vice chair of the Department of Psychiatry, and director of the Center for Health and Community at the University of California, San Francisco. She is a social psychologist by training. Her research interests include the effects of risk perception on reproductive and sexual health decision- making and identification of mechanisms by which socioeconomic status (SES) influences health. In the field of risk perception, she has studied how adolescents’ perceptions of risk of sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy influence sexual behavior and use of contraceptives. Dr. Adler’s research on SES and health has focused on how social, psychologic, and biologic factors associated with SES act together to determine the onset and progression of disease and how the relationship of SES and health may depend on sex and ethnicity. She is the author of over 150 articles, books, and book chapters and is currently a member of the editorial boards of Annals of Behavioral Medicine, the Journal of Health Psychology, and the Journal of Applied Social Psychology. Dr. Adler was elected to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1994. She served as a member of the IOM Committee on Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (1995–1997) and chaired the Committee on Psychosocial Services to Cancer Patients/Families in a Community Setting (2006–2007). Dr. Adler received her Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard University. 59

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60 SEX-SPECIFIC REPORTING OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH Marietta Anthony, Ph.D., is director of women’s health programs at the Critical Path Institute, which builds collaborative partnerships to support a new model of drug development. She is the associate director of the Arizona Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERT), which focuses on drug safety. She was a senior health-policy analyst at the Agency for Healthcare Policy and Research (now the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality). Dr. Anthony was the deputy director of the Office of Women’s Health of the Food and Drug Administration and director of research programs in the Office of Research in Women’s Health of the National Institutes of Health. She was in the Department of Pharmacology at Georgetown University and later vice president for health sciences in women’s health the University of Arizona, where she founded and directed a National Center of Excellence in Women’s Health. Dr. Anthony served on the Institute of Medicine panel on Women’s Health Research: Progress, Pitfalls, and Promise. Floyd Bloom, M.D., is the executive director of scientific com- munications and professor emeritus and former chairman of the Department of Neuropharmacology at the Scripps Research Institute. He is a past editor-in-chief of Science and served as president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science from 2002 to 2003 and as chairman of its board of directors from 2003 to 2004. Dr. Bloom is the recipient of numerous prizes for his contributions to science, including the Janssen Award in the Basic Sciences and the Pasarow Award in Neuropsychiatry, and is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. A member of the National Academy of Sciences since 1977 and a member of the Institute of Medicine since 1982, Dr. Bloom has participated on over 35 National Academies committees, including his current appointments on the Committee on Publications and the Report Review Committee. Jerome P. Kassirer, M.D., served as the editor-in-chief of the New England Journal of Medicine from 1991 to 1999. He is currently Distinguished Professor of Medicine at Tufts University School of Medicine, where he has also served as vice chairman of the Department of Medicine. Dr. Kassirer’s current interests are in clinical decision- making, teaching of clinical cognition, assessment of the quality of health care, professionalism, ethical scientific conduct, and financial conflict of interest. He has been highly critical of for-profit medicine, abuses of managed care, and political intrusion into medical decision- making. He has served on the American College of Physicians Board of

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APPENDIX C 61 Governors and Board of Regents, chaired the National Library of Medicine’s Board of Scientific Counselors, and chaired the American Board of Internal Medicine. He is a member of the Association of American Physicians, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Institute of Medicine. He is cochair of the Committee on Science for Judges—Development of the Third Edition of the Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence: Phase II. Jon Levine, Ph.D., is the director of the Wisconsin National Primate Research Center and a professor in the Department of Neuroscience at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is also editor-in-chief of Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology and a member of the Steering Council for the Office of Research on Women’s Health of the National Institutes of Health. Before going to Madison, Dr. Levine was a professor of neurobiology and physiology at Northwestern University, where his research focused on neuroendocrine regulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons and the cellular and molecular mechanisms of action of steroid hormones in the brain. Dr. Levine received his BA from Oberlin College and his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at Urbana– Champaign. He completed postdoctoral training at the Oregon National Primate Research Center and the Oregon Health & Science University. Dr. Levine is an active member of numerous professional societies, including the Endocrine Society, the Society for Neuroscience, the Society for the Study of Reproduction, the American Neuroendocrine Society, and the Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology. Harold C. Sox, M.D., MACP, is an editor emeritus of Annals of Internal Medicine and has served on the editorial boards of three medical journals, including the New England Journal of Medicine. He is the principal author of Medical Decision Making and of the first and second editions of Common Diagnostic Tests, in addition to many other books, book chapters, editorials, and original research articles. Before becoming editor of Annals of Internal Medicine, he was the Joseph M. Huber Professor of Medicine and chair of the Department of Medicine of Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center after spending 15 years on the faculty of Stanford University School of Medicine, where he served as chief of the Division of General Internal Medicine and as a director of ambulatory care at the Palo Alto Veterans’ Administration Medical Center. He served as president of the American College of Physicians and chaired the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the Medicare Coverage Advisory Committee. A member of the Institute of Medicine

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62 SEX-SPECIFIC REPORTING OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (IOM) since 1993, Dr. Sox served as chair of the IOM Committee to Study HIV Transmission Through Blood Products and the IOM Committee on Health Effects of Exposures in the Persian Gulf War. Most recently, he was a member of three IOM committees involved in the emergence of comparative-effectiveness research.