individuals who self-identify as nuclear and radiochemists are members of the American Chemical Society’s (ACS’s) Division of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology (DNCT), which is one of the 33 ACS specialty divisions. The committee considers this group to best represent, albeit not perfectly, the core of nuclear and radiochemistry experts.
Demographic and Publication Data
Demographic data for the DNCT membership provide some insights about the characteristics of nuclear and radiochemists and where they work. As of November 30, 2011, the DNCT (a.k.a. NUCL) had 1,015 members, mostly in the United States, about one quarter of whom are graduate and undergraduate students. Of the 78 percent of members who provided employment information, nearly half are in academic institutions, with the other half split between the government and the private sector (Kinard ACS, personal communication, February 22, 2011). ACS membership totals more than 164,000.
To get a sense of the professional affiliations of nuclear and radiochemists, the committee analyzed the e-mail addresses of U.S.-based authors of papers in three journals devoted to nuclear and radiochemistry research for 2006-2010 (Table 2-1). A significant fraction of articles in the journals were by government authors, especially for the Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry.
The committee obtained educational information about nuclear and radiochemists from the DNCT website, which has in recent years served as a hub for tracking active nuclear and radiochemistry graduate programs as well as graduates of the Nuclear Chemistry Summer Schools. Starting from a list of 49 U.S. faculty member names last updated in 2008 (ACS 2008), the committee determined the thesis year and subject category for each faculty member using the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (PQDT) database.2 The committee then identified 242 advisees of those faculty members, also using PQDT, and determined the subject term for each thesis. The committee considers the advisees of the 49 faculty members to be nuclear and radiochemists given that the advisees would have likely taken advanced coursework and conducted research in nuclear and radiochemistry during their graduate careers.