Systems, Electronic Warfare/Electronic Protection, Counter WMD, Autonomy, and Human Systems.38

IV. “Metamaterials” Researchers with High Citation and Publication Counts

The following is a list of lead authors of the most highly cited papers published between 2005-2011 (October 2011) containing the terms “metamaterials” in the title, abstract, or keywords, according to SciVerse Scopus.39

Pendry JB (Imperial College, U.K.); Schurig D (North Carolina State University, U.S.A.); Leonhardt U (University of Saint Andrews, Scotland); Shalaev VM (Purdue University, U.S.A.); Cai W (Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, U.S.A.); Zhang SD (University of Birmingham, U.K.); Valentine J (Vanderbilt University, U.S.A.); Smith DR (Duke University, U.S.A.); and Soukoulis CM (Iowa State University).

The following is a list of the most highly published authors between 2005-2011 (October 2011) containing the terms “metamaterials” in the title, abstract, or keywords, according to SciVerse Scopus. 40 The number of citations is indicated in parentheses.

(81) Eleftheriades GV, University of Toronto, Canada; (63) Alu A, University of Texas at Austin, U.S.A.; (63) Ozbay E, Bilkent University, Turkey; (63) Bonache J, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain; (61) Soukoulis CM, Iowa State University; (57) Martin F, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain; (56) Kivshar YS, Australian National University, Australia; (56) Engheta N, University of Pennsylvania, U.S.A.; (56) Cui TJ, Southeast University, China; (56) Padilla WJ (Boston College, U.S.A.).

V. Background/Historical Synopsis

Sir John Pendry and David R. Smith are viewed as the early innovators in MMs. Victor Veselago predicted negative index of refraction in 1967; Pendry developed two structures, one that controlled microwave permeability, and one that controlled microwave permittivity, in the late 1990s; and Smith demonstrated negative refractive index in 2000. Cloaking was theorized by Pendry and Smith, and demonstrated by Smith in 2006. Transformation optics design tools for MMs were developed in 2006 by Pendry and Smith. MMs have expanded to THz, infrared, and visible wavelengths. As the wavelength decreases, the feature size of the artificial structures also decreases. Thus, for infrared and visible wavelengths, nanofeatures must be patterned to realize MMs. Losses for metals typically used in MMs at longer wavelengths are “lossy” in the visible. Thus, visible and shorter wavelength MMs are challenging to produce.

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38 Defense priorities as described in the S&T Priorities for FY 2013-2017 Planning Document, April 19, 2011.

39 Methodology: SciVerse Scopus. Search term: TITLE-ABS-KEY=“metamaterials,” 2005-Oct 2011, sorted by citation count (excluded Shevchenko et al. Nature 439(7072):55-59, 2006). Lead authors from the top 10 most cited publications are listed. This list may include more than 10 people when publications have an equivalent number of citations. See references below.

40 Methodology: SciVerse Scopus. Search term: TITLE-ABS-KEY=“metamaterials,” 2005-Oct 2011, sorted by publication count. The top 10 most published researchers are listed. This list may include more than 10 people when multiple researchers have equivalent numbers of publications.



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