dialogues and CISAC-administered National Research Council (NRC) studies. Outside of the NAS, Ben is the chair of the executive board of International Student Young Pugwash (ISYP). Ben has political science degrees from The Ohio State University and Purdue University.

Sharples, Fran

The National Academies, United States

Dr. Frances E. Sharples has served as the director of the National Academy of Sciences’ Board on Life Sciences since October 2000. Since spring of 2010, Dr. Sharples has also served as acting director of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. The Board on Life Sciences serves as the National Academies’ focal point for a wide range of technical and policy topics in the life sciences, including bioterrorism, genomics, biodiversity conservation, and key topics in basic biomedical research, such as stem cells. In 2003, Dr. Sharples directed a study on the organizational structure of the National Institutes of Health that led to the publication of the report Enhancing the Vitality of the National Institutes of Health: Organizational Change to Meet New Challenges, which resulted in major management and budgetary changes at NIH. In 2005, Dr. Sharples served as the study director for the preparation of the National Academies’ report Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research, which had a major impact on the oversight of stem cell research in the United States. Most recently she served as co-study director on the report Review of the Scientific Approaches Used During the FBI’s Investigation of the 2001 Anthrax Letters. Immediately prior to coming to the National Academies, Dr. Sharples was a senior policy analyst for the Environment Division of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) from October 1996 to October 2000. Dr. Sharples came to OSTP from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, where she served in various positions in research and management in the Environmental Sciences Division between 1978 and 1996. Dr. Sharples received her B.A. in biology from Barnard College (1972) and her M.A. (1974) and Ph.D. (1978) in zoology from the University of California, Davis. She served as an American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Environmental Science and Engineering Fellow at the Environmental Protection Agency during the summer of 1981, and served as a AAAS Congressional Science and Engineering Fellow in the office of Senator Al Gore in 1984-85. She was a member of the National Institutes of Health’s Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee in the mid-1980s and was elected a fellow of the AAAS in 1992.

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