Figure E2-1 Country distribution of CL3 and CL4 laboratories that received the first questionnaire (Q1). The CL3 labs follow a variety of different standards. Additionally, the term “CL4” is not used consistently throughout Europe. CL4 labs may be glove box labs or suit labs. In some countries, a lab (e.g., a veterinary lab) that works with foot and mouth disease virus is automatically considered CL4. The numbers reflect all laboratories to which the questionnaire was sent, including some that were in the planning phase at the time.


NL: Netherlands; CZ: Czech Republic; UK: United Kingdom; CH: Switzerland; HU: Hungary; DE: Germany; SE: Sweden; FI: Finland; FR: France; BE: Belgium; IT: Italy; NO: Norway; DK: Denmark; IR: Ireland; CY: Cyprus; GR: Greece; LV: Latvia; PL: Poland; PT: Portugal; SI: Slovenia

In many countries, several ministries, agencies, and organizations are involved in oversight of biosafety and the regulatory framework for biosafety (e.g., Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Internal Affairs/Occupational Health) whereas the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs usually are involved in biosecurity in a wider sense. In some countries, there is a department within the Ministry of Health (occasionally the Ministry of Defense) whereas other countries have an independent government agency as the main authority for biosafety matters as in Sweden where this responsibility lies with the Swedish Work Environment Agency. It was clearly shown by the

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