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C Participant Biographies SPEAKERS Jennifer S. CurtiS, Ph.d., is a professor in the Chemical Engineering Department at the University of Florida (UF). Pedro AlvArez, Ph.d., is the George R. Brown Professor Prior to this, she held administrative roles as department of Engineering and the chair of the Department of Civil and chair of chemical engineering at UF and associate dean of Environmental Engineering at Rice University. He received engineering and department head of freshman engineering a B. Eng. in civil engineering from McGill University and at Purdue University. Dr. Curtis received a B.S. in chemical M.S. and Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the Uni- engineering from Purdue University (1983) and a Ph.D. in versity of Michigan. His research focuses on environmental chemical engineering from Princeton University (1989). s ustainability through bioremediation of contaminated She has an internationally recognized research program in aquifers, fate and transport of toxic chemicals, the water the development and validation of numerical models for the footprint of biofuels, microbial-plant interactions, medical prediction of particle flow phenomena. She is the co-author bioremediation, and environmental implications and appli- of more than 100 publications and has given more than cations of nanotechnology. Dr. Alvarez is a diplomate of 160 invited lectures at universities, companies, government the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and a laboratories, and technical conferences. Professor Curtis is a fellow of American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). Past recipient of a Fulbright Research Scholar Award, a National honors include president of Association of Environmental Science Foundation (NSF) Presidential Young Investigator Engineering and Science Professors (AEESP), Honorary Award, the American Society of Engineering Education’s Consul of Nicaragua, the Malcom Pirnie-AEESP Frontiers (ASEE) Chemical Engineering Lectureship Award, the in Research Award, the Water Environment Federation Eminent Overseas Lectureship Award by the Institution of (WEF) McKee Medal for Groundwater Protection, the Stra- Engineers in Australia, the ASEE’s Sharon Keillor Award tegic Environmental Research and Development Program for Women in Engineering, and the American Institute of (SERDP) Cleanup Project of the Year Award, the Button of C hemical Engineers (AIChE) Fluidization Lectureship the City of Valencia, the Collegiate Excellence in Teaching Award. She currently serves as associate editor of AIChE Award from the University of Iowa, the Alejo Zuloaga Medal Journal and on the editorial advisory board of Powder from the Universidad de Carabobo, Venezuela, a Career Technology and Chemical Engineering Education. She has Award from the National Science Foundation, a Rackham served on the National Academy of Engineering’s (NAE) Fellowship, and best paper awards from the Environmental Committee on Engineering Education and has participated Protection Agency (EPA) Hazardous Substance Research in two NAE Frontiers of Research Symposiums (2003 and Center (HSRC) for Regions 7 and 8, WEF, and the Battelle 2008). Currently, she is a board member of the National Bioremediation Symposium. Dr. Alvarez currently serves on Academies’ Chemical Science Roundtable, as well as the the editorial board of Environmental Science and Technology Council for Chemical Research and the American Institute and as honorary professor at Nankai and Kunming Universi- of Chemical Engineers. ties in China and as adjunct professor at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina in Florianopolis, Brazil. AbhAyA dAtye, Ph.d., has been on the faculty at the Univer- sity of New Mexico since 1984. He is presently distinguished 73
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74 APPENDIX C professor of chemical and nuclear engineering and director Laboratory at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Users of the Center for Microengineered Materials. He also directs Advisory Committee, and the Executive Committee of the the graduate program in nanoscience and microsystems. Physical Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Dr. Datye received a B.S. in chemical engineering from the Society. She currently chairs the standing symposium Inter- Indian Institute of Technology, an M.S. in chemical engi- facial Environmental Chemistry for the Colloid and Surface neering from the University of Cincinnati, and a Ph.D. in Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society and chemical engineering from the University of Michigan. His was recently elected chair of the Division to serve in 2012. research interests are in heterogeneous catalysis, materials In 2006, Dr. Grassian co-chaired a National Science Foun- characterization, and nanomaterials synthesis. His research dation-sponsored workshop on sustainability and chemistry. group has pioneered the development of electron microscopy She was the primary organizer and editor of the workshop tools for the study of catalysts. By developing model cata- report titled Chemistry for a Sustainable Future. The report lysts for this work, they have shown that the metal and oxide for that workshop was reprinted in 2009 for the National surfaces and interfaces in catalytic materials can be studied Science Foundation as a result of a renewed national interest at near atomic resolution. His current work involves funda- in energy and the environment. mental studies of catalyst sintering, low temperature metha - MiChAel hoChellA, Jr., Ph.d., is university distinguished nol reforming into H2 for portable power applications, and synthesis of novel nanostructured heterogeneous catalysts. professor at Virginia Tech, concentrating in the area of nano- geoscience. He received his B.S. and M.S. from Virginia Tech viCki h. GrASSiAn, Ph.d., received her B.S. in chemistry in 1975 and 1977, respectively, and his Ph.D. from Stanford from the State University of New York at Albany (1981), University in 1981. He has been a professor at Stanford and and she did her graduate studies at Rensselaer Polytechnic Virginia Tech for a total of 21 years. He has been a Fulbright Institute (M.S., 1982) and the University of California- Scholar, a Humboldt Award winner, and Virginia Scientist of Berkeley (Ph.D., 1987). Dr. Grassian is currently the F. the Year. He is a fellow of six international scientific societ- Wendell Miller Professor in the Department of Chemistry ies including the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and and holds appointments in the Departments of Chemical the American Association for the Advancement of Science and Biochemical Engineering and Occupational and Envi- (AAAS), a Dana Medal winner (Mineralogical Society of ronmental Health. At the University of Iowa, Dr. Grassian America), and a former president of the Geochemical Soci- has been the recipient of a Faculty Scholar Award (1999- ety. He is currently president of the Mineralogical Society 2001), a Distinguished Achievement Award (2002), a James of America (MSA) as of October 2011. He has also won the Van Allen Natural Sciences Faculty Fellowship (2004), Brindley Lecture Award (Clay Minerals Society) and the the Regents Award for Faculty Excellence (2006), and the Distinguished Service Medal of the Geochemical Society. Outstanding Graduate Student Mentoring Award (2008). In He has served on high-level advisory boards at the National 2006, she was appointed as the director of the Nanoscience Science Foundation and the Department of Energy. He has an and Nanotechnology Institute at the University of Iowa by h-index of 40 with more than 4,000 citations. He has raised the vice president for research. Her research interests are $16.4 million in research funding. Fourteen of his former in the areas of environmental molecular surface science, advisees are now professors at leading institutions around the heterogeneous atmospheric chemistry, climate impact of world, while others hold prominent positions in publishing, atmospheric aerosols, and environmental and health aspects national labs, and industry. of nanoscience and nanotechnology. She has more than 180 Morton liPPMAnn, Ph.d., is a professor of environmental peer-reviewed publications and 15 book chapters and she has edited 3 books, the most recent being Environmental medicine at the New York University (NYU) School of Medi- Catalysis published by CRC Press in 2005 and Nano- cine, where he has been a faculty member since 1967. He holds a Ph.D. (NYU, 1967) in environmental health science, science and Nanotechnology: Environmental and Health Impacts published in 2008 by John Wiley and Sons. In 2003, an S.M. (Harvard University, 1955) in industrial hygiene, and Dr. Grassian received a U.S.-National Science Foundation a B.Ch.E. (The Cooper Union, 1954) in chemical engineer- Creativity Award, and in 2005, she was elected as a fellow ing. He has been the recipient of numerous awards, including of the American Association for the Advancement of Sci- Stokinger and Meritorious Achievement from the American ence. She was named fellow of both the Royal Society of Conference of Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cummings Chemistry and the American Vacuum Society in 2010. She from the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA), currently serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Sinclair from American Association for Aerosol Research Physical Chemistry, Surface Science, Atmospheric Environ- (AAAR), Smythe from American Academy of Industrial ment, and Aerosol Science and Technology. She also serves Hygiene (AAIH), and Career Achievement in Respiratory on the Publications Committee of the American Association and Inhalation Toxicology from the Society of Toxicology of Aerosol Research, Environmental Molecular Sciences (SOT). Much of this research has been focused on particulate
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75 APPENDIX C matter (PM) in ambient air, and on specific airborne agents, cals, and minerals. He is particularly well known for his notably ozone, sulfuric acid, and asbestos. Dr. Lippmann is a work on granulation, through which he has helped move this past chairman of the ACGIH (1982-1983); past president of ubiquitous and troublesome process from a black art to an the International Society of Exposure Analysis (1994-1995); engineering science. He is the co-author of the well-known and past member of the EPA Science Advisory Board’s text in this area, The Science and Engineering of Granula- Executive Committee (2000-2001), EPA’s Advisory Com- tion Processes, and his approaches are now widely used in mittee on Indoor Air Quality and Total Human Exposure engineering practice in industry. More recently, with collabo- (1987-1993), EPA’s Clean Air Scientific Advisory Commit- rators at UQ and Purdue, he has established a major research tee (1983-1987), and the National Institute of Occupational focus on the recovery and delivery of bioactives for food Safety and Health (NIOSH) Board of Scientific Counselors and pharmaceutical applications particularly by crystalliza- (1991-1993). He has been chair of the External Scientific tion and precipitation. In 2009, Dr. Litster was awarded the Advisory Committee of the Children’s Health Study of air Achievement Award for Excellence in Granulation Research, pollution effects in Southern California at the University 9th International Symposium on Agglomeration, and he has of Southern California (1993-2003). He currently serves as recently been elected a fellow of the Australian Academy of chair of the External Scientific Advisory Committees of the Technological Sciences and Engineering. study of the inhalation toxicology of complex air pollutant Gerry MCderMott, Ph.d., is a senior scientist at the mixtures at the National Environmental Respiratory Center in Albuquerque (1997-2007) and the EPA-supported PM National Center for X-ray Tomography, Physical Biosciences Health Effects Research Center at Harvard. He has also Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and is chaired National Research Council committees on the Air- also affiliated with the Department of Anatomy, University liner Cabin Environment and the Health of Passengers and of California, San Francisco. Crew and on Synthetic Vitreous Fibers, and he served on rAlPh nuzzo, Ph.d., a recognized leader in the chemistry of NRC Committees on Measurement and Control of Respi- rable Dust in Mines, Indoor Pollutants, Toxicity Data Ele- materials, is director of the Frederick Seitz Materials Research ments, and In-Vivo Toxicity Testing of Complex Mixtures. Laboratory and the Center for Microanalysis of Materials at His publications include more than 300 research and review the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He also serves papers in the scientific literature and 2 reference texts on as the William H. and Janet Lycan Professor of Chemistry and environmental health science. professor of materials science and engineering at the univer- sity. Dr. Nuzzo received his B.S. in chemistry from Rutgers JiM litSter, Ph.d., holds a joint appointment as professor of University and his Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Massa- chemical engineering and professor of industrial and physi- chusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). After completing his cal pharmacy at Purdue University, where he is a research graduate studies, he accepted a position at Bell Laboratories, thrust leader in the NSF-funded Engineering Research then a part of AT&T, where he held the title of distinguished Center for Structured Organic Composite Systems (CSOPS). member of the technical staff in materials research. Prior to his appointment in 2007, he spent 20 years at The MiChAel t. PoStek, Ph.d., is the chief of the Mechanical University of Queensland (UQ), most recently as head of the School of Engineering (2005-2007) and director of the Metrology Division within the Physical Measurement Labo- Particle and Systems Design Centre (2001-2007). Dr. Litster ratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology is an internationally recognized leader in particle science (NIST). He has been involved with electron microscopy and technology. He has a Ph.D. from The University of for more than 30 years and micro- and nano-scale scan- Queensland and spent several years working for BHP at its ning electron microscope-based length metrology for more Newcastle Research Laboratories. From 1987 till 2007 he than 20 years, and he has published more than 250 papers, held a faculty appointment at The University of Queensland articles, and book chapters on this and related topics. Dr. in chemical engineering, which included 5 years as chair Postek received his B.A. from the University of South Florida of the department. He also has held a regular appointment (1973); M.S. from Texas A&M University (1974); Ph.D. from as distinguished visiting professor at the University of Louisiana State University (1980); and an Executive M.S. in Delaware (2001-2005). Dr. Litster’s main research interests technology management from the University of Maryland focus on particle design and formulation engineering—the (1997). production of particles and particulate delivery forms with yi QiAo, Ph.d., is currently a research specialist at the well-controlled size and morphology from submicron to mil- limeter scale. The products of interest are many and varied, Corporate Research Laboratory, 3M Company. Dr. Qiao including proteins and other biological materials, pharma- obtained his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering in 2006 from ceuticals, detergents and consumer goods, food, ceramics Northwestern University. His main research interest is in and high-value materials, fertilizers and agricultural chemi-
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76 APPENDIX C JAMeS (JiM) SMith, Ph.d., is a scientist and head of the developing techniques for various industrial process mea- surement and diagnosis. Ultrafine Aerosols Research Group at the Atmospheric Chemistry Division of the National Center for Atmospheric StePhen e. SChwArtz, Ph.d., is a senior scientist and group Research (NCAR), and he is currently visiting professor leader at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). His cur- of aerosol physics at the University of Eastern Finland. rent research interest centers on the influence of energy- Dr. Smith received his Ph.D. degree in environmental science related emissions on climate, with a focus on the role of and engineering at the California Institute of Technology. atmospheric aerosols. Dr. Schwartz is a fellow of the Ameri- His thesis research included one of the first applications of can Association for the Advancement of Science and of the molecular modeling to the elucidation of the photo-oxidation American Geophysical Union, and he is recipient of the 2003 of tropospheric pollutants, as well as in situ measurements of Haagen-Smith Award for an “outstanding paper” published the evolution of the size and charge of highly charged drop- in the journal Atmospheric Environment. In 2006 he received lets emitted from electrosprayed solutions. Dr. Smith’s work the BNL Science and Technology Award for distinguished at NCAR involves performing laboratory and field measure- contributions to the laboratory’s science and technology ments in order to understand and quantify the mechanisms mission. In his research at BNL, Dr. Schwartz developed of atmospheric nanoparticle formation and growth. This methods to describe the rate of reactions in clouds that lead research is important because the formation of nanoparticles to production of acid rain. More recently, Dr. Schwartz has by nucleation and their subsequent growth are poorly under- been focusing on microscopic and submicroscopic aerosol stood processes that have significant implications for human particles, which influence a variety of atmospheric processes, health and climate. Dr. Smith’s accomplishments include from precipitation to climate change. Dr. Schwartz is author t he development of the Thermal Desorption Chemical or co-author of more than 100 papers published in peer- Ionization Mass Spectrometer (TDCIMS), which 10 years reviewed scientific journals. He was editor of Trace Atmo- after its introduction remains the only instrument that can spheric Constituents, published by Wiley in 1983, and was measure the molecular composition of 6- to 30-nm-diameter co-editor of a three volume series Precipitation Scavenging particles at ambient levels. His achievements include both and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange, published by Hemi- the development of this novel instrument and its applica- sphere in 1992. He is co-author of Sea Salt Aerosol Produc- tion to address key scientific questions. His observations of the importance of organic compounds in particle formation tion: Mechanisms, Methods, Measurements, and Models—A Critical Review, published by the American Geophysical are currently being incorporated into global climate models Union in 2004. Dr. Schwartz’s research has been quite to achieve better estimates of the impacts of aerosols on influential. He served as chief scientist of the Department of climate. Dr. Smith is the recipient of the 2009 Kenneth T. Energy’s Atmospheric Science Program from 2004 through Whitby Award, given annually by the American Associa- 2009. He also served on the management team that developed tion for Aerosol Research (AAAR). This award recognizes and led the Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation outstanding technical contributions to aerosol science and Measurement (ARM) Program. Dr. Schwartz received his technology by a young scientist. He is active in national bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Harvard University and international research organizations and projects. He in 1963 and his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of has organized or led several workshops and field campaigns California, Berkeley, in 1968. After postdoctoral research at devoted to atmospheric aerosol formation and physico- the University of Cambridge, England, Dr. Schwartz joined chemical properties, and he currently serves as a member of the Chemistry Department at Stony Brook University. He the board of directors of the AAAR. joined Brookhaven National Laboratory in 1975. douGlAS tobiAS, Ph.d., obtained his B.S. and M.S. in chem- lee SilverMAn, Ph.d., received his B.S. from MIT in mate- istry at the University of California (UC), Riverside, in 1984 rials science and engineering in 1981. He then worked for and 1985, respectively, and his Ph.D. in chemistry and bio- 2 years doing process development for optical waveguide physics at Carnegie Mellon University in 1991. He received materials for telecommunication at Corning. Dr. Lee then a National Research Service Award from the National Insti- went back to MIT and graduated with a Ph.D. in ceramic tutes of Health for his post-doctoral research in the Depart- s cience and engineering in 1987. Following graduate ment of Chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania from school, Dr. Lee started work for DuPont, where he has 1991 to 1995, and he was a guest researcher at the Center been for the past 23 years. At DuPont, he has worked on for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards materials intended for uses in structural, electronic, optical, and Technology from 1995 to 1997. He was appointed to and sensing applications, as well as others. Dr. Lee is cur- the faculty in the Department of Chemistry at UC Irvine in rently research manager for nanocomposite technologies in 1997, promoted to associate professor in 2003 and to full DuPont’s Central Research and Development Laboratory professor in 2005. He was elected fellow of the American in Wilmington, Delaware. Association of the Advancement of Science in 2006. His
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77 APPENDIX C research interests include the development and application received a B.S. from Trent University in 1970, an M.S. from of molecular simulation techniques to the study of membrane the University of California, Riverside, in 1971, and a Ph.D. biophysics, heterogeneous atmospheric chemistry, and the from the University of California, Riverside, in 1973. Her chemical dynamics of aqueous interfaces. research interests include atmospheric, physical, and analyti- cal chemistry. A nGelA v ioli , P h .d. , i s an assistant professor at the douGlAS rAy, Ph.d., is the associate laboratory director University of Michigan in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and the Department of Chemical Engineering. for the Fundamental & Computational Sciences Director- Her current research interests include multiscale simulation ate at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). of nanoparticle growth and self assembly, applied chemical Dr. Ray is responsible for PNNL’s research programs con- kinetics, ab initio methods for reaction chemistry, aerosols ducted for the Department of Energy’s Office of Science and and molecular modeling of complex systems using atomistic for the National Institutes of Health. He directs more than models. She has published 28 papers in these fields in peer- 500 staff members in four research divisions: Atmospheric reviewed journals and more than 40 conference papers and Sciences & Global Change, Biological Sciences, Chemi- peer-reviewed proceedings. Among the awards she received cal and Materials Science, and Computational Sciences & is the International Bernard Lewis Fellowship from the Com- Mathematics. Dr. Ray joined PNNL in 1990. A laser spec- bustion Institute for “High Quality Research in Combustion.” troscopist, Dr. Ray’s research interests include the effects of Dr. Violi has served as a reviewer for more than 10 journals weak intermolecular interactions on chemical phenomena and government foundations, such as the National Science in condensed phases, at interfaces, in clusters and in supra- Foundation. She received her Ph.D. in chemical engineering molecular complexes. He earned a B.S. degree in physics from the University of Naples Federico II. from Kalamazoo College and a Ph.D. in chemistry at the University of California at Berkeley. Dr. Ray is a member of AllA zelenyuk, Ph.d., is a physical chemist with expertise in the American Chemical Society, American Physical Society, real-time characterization of physical and chemical properties American Geophysical Union, and American Association for of individual aerosol particles. Her current research projects the Advancement of Science. include (1) development and application of unique tools to levi t. thoMPSon, Ph.d., is the Richard Balzhiser Profes- study fundamental properties and chemical/microphysical transformations of size-selected nanoparticles; (2) field studies sor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Michigan. to understand “aerosol life cycle”; (3) laboratory studies of Other honors and awards include the National Science secondary organic aerosol formation; (4) laboratory/field Foundation Presidential Young Investigator Award, Union studies of effect of particle size, internal composition, shape, Carbide Innovation Recognition Award, Dow Chemical and morphology on particle hygroscopicity, cloud conden- Good Teaching Award, College of Engineering Service sation nuclei, and ice nucleation activity used for model Excellence Award, and Harold Johnson Diversity Award. development; (5) formation, transformations, and properties He is co-founder, with his wife Maria, of T/J Technologies, of fractal particles, including combustion-related aerosols; a developer of nanomaterials for advanced batteries and fuel and (6) multidimensional data analysis and visualization. She cells. He is also consulting editor for the AIChE Journal received her Ph.D. in chemical physics from the Moscow and a member of the external advisory committee for the Institute of Physics and Technology. Center of Advanced Materials for Purification of Water with Systems (NSF Science and Technology Center at the University of Illinois) and AIChE Chemical Engineering WORKSHOP ORGANIZING COMMITTEE Technology Operating Council. Dr. Thompson earned his bArbArA finlAySon-PittS, Ph.d. (NAS), is a professor of B.ChE. from the University of Delaware and M.S.E. degrees chemistry in the School of Physical Sciences at the Univer- in chemical engineering and nuclear engineering and a Ph.D. sity of California where she studies chemical reactions in the in chemical engineering from the University of Michigan. lower atmosphere to better understand air pollution in urban Research in Dr. Thompson’s group focuses primarily on and remote areas. She directs AirUCI—Atmospheric Inte- defining relationships between the structure, composition, grated Research Using Chemistry at Interfaces—a multi- and function of nanostructured catalytic and electrochemical investigator effort to better understand how air and water materials. In addition, he has distinguished himself in the use interact in the atmosphere and how those processes affect of micromachining and self-assembly methods to fabricate air quality and global climate change. Dr. Finlayson-Pitts micro-reactor, hydrogen production, and micro-fuel cell has studied the effects of sea salt on urban smog formation systems. Dr. Thompson leads a large multidisciplinary team and on remote atmospheres, as well as how chemical reac- developing compact devices to convert gasoline and natural tions on the surfaces of buildings and roads affect urban resources into hydrogen. Recently, he was appointed found- air quality and models of air pollution. Dr. Finlayson-Pitts ing director of the Hydrogen Energy Technology Laboratory.
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