Appendix C

Biographies of the Committee Members

Norman R. Augustine (NAS/NAE), Co-chair, is the retired chairman and chief executive officer (CEO) of the Lockheed Martin Corporation and a former Under Secretary of the Army. In 1958 he joined the Douglas Aircraft Company in California where he worked as a research engineer, program manager, and chief engineer. Beginning in 1965, he served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense as Assistant Director of Defense Research and Engineering. He joined LTV Missiles and Space Company in 1970, serving as vice president of Advanced Programs and Marketing. In 1973 he returned to the government as Assistant Secretary of the Army, and in 1975 became Under Secretary of the Army, and later Acting Secretary of the Army. Joining Martin Marietta Corporation in 1977 as vice president of Technical Operations, he was elected CEO in 1987 and chairman in 1988, having previously been president and chief operating officer (COO). He served as president of Lockheed Martin Corporation upon the formation of that company in 1995 and became CEO later that year. He retired as chairman and CEO of Lockheed Martin in August 1997, at which time he became a lecturer with the rank of professor on the faculty of Princeton University, where he served until July 1999.

Mr. Augustine was chairman and principal officer of the American Red Cross for 9 years, chairman of the Council of the National Academy of Engineering, president and chairman of the Association of the United States Army, chairman of the Aerospace Industries Association, and chairman of the Defense Science Board. He is a former president of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and of the Boy Scouts of America. He is a former member of the boards of directors of ConocoPhillips, Black & Decker, Proctor & Gamble, and Martin and was a member of the board of trustees of Colonial Williamsburg. He is a regent of the University System of Maryland, trustee emeritus of the Johns Hopkins University, and a former member of the board of trustees of Princeton University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a member of the Advisory Board of the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Energy; was a member of the U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century, known as the Hart-Rudman Commission; and served for 16 years on the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. He is a member of the American Philosophical Society, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Council on Foreign Affairs and a fellow of the National Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Explorers Club.

Mr. Augustine was presented the National Medal of Technology by the President of the United States and received the Joint Chiefs of Staff Distinguished Public Service Award. He has five times received the Department of Defense’s highest civilian decoration, the Distinguished Service Medal. He is a co-author of The Defense Revolution: Strategy for the Brave New World and Shakespeare in Charge: The Bard’s Guide to Leading and



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Appendix C Biographies of the Committee Members Norman R. Augustine (NAS/NAE), Co-chair, is the retired chairman and chief executive officer (CEO) of the Lockheed Martin Corporation and a former Under Secretary of the Army. In 1958 he joined the Douglas Aircraft Company in California where he worked as a research engineer, program manager, and chief engineer. Beginning in 1965, he served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense as Assistant Director of Defense Research and Engi - neering. He joined LTV Missiles and Space Company in 1970, serving as vice president of Advanced Programs and Marketing. In 1973 he returned to the government as Assistant Secretary of the Army, and in 1975 became Under Secretary of the Army, and later Acting Secretary of the Army. Joining Martin Marietta Corporation in 1977 as vice president of Technical Operations, he was elected CEO in 1987 and chairman in 1988, having previously been president and chief operating officer (COO). He served as president of Lockheed Martin Corporation upon the formation of that company in 1995 and became CEO later that year. He retired as chairman and CEO of Lockheed Martin in August 1997, at which time he became a lecturer with the rank of professor on the faculty of Princeton University, where he served until July 1999. Mr. Augustine was chairman and principal officer of the American Red Cross for 9 years, chairman of the Council of the National Academy of Engineering, president and chairman of the Association of the United States Army, chairman of the Aerospace Industries Association, and chairman of the Defense Science Board. He is a former president of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and of the Boy Scouts of America. He is a former member of the boards of directors of ConocoPhillips, Black & Decker, Proctor & Gamble, and Lockheed Martin and was a member of the board of trustees of Colonial Williamsburg. He is a regent of the University System of Maryland, trustee emeritus of the Johns Hopkins University, and a former member of the board of trustees of Princeton University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a member of the Advisory Board of the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Energy; was a member of the U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century, known as the Hart-Rudman Commission; and served for 16 years on the Presi - dent’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. He is a member of the American Philosophical Society, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Council on Foreign Affairs and a fellow of the National Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Explorers Club. Mr. Augustine was presented the National Medal of Technology by the President of the United States and received the Joint Chiefs of Staff Distinguished Public Service Award. He has five times received the Department of Defense’s highest civilian decoration, the Distinguished Service Medal. He is a co-author of The Defense Revolution: Strategy for the Brave New World and Shakespeare in Charge: The Bard’s Guide to Leading and 59

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60 STEM WORKFORCE NEEDS FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE U.S. DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE Succeeding on the Business Stage, and is the author of Augustine’s Laws and Augustine’s Travels. He holds 26 honorary degrees and was selected by Who’s Who in America and the Library of Congress as one of “Fifty Great Americans” on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Who’s Who. He has traveled in 109 countries and stood on both the North Pole and the South Pole. Mr. Augustine graduated magna cum laude from Princeton University, where he earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees in engineering. C.D. (Dan) Mote, Jr. (NAE), Co-chair, is Regents Professor and Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering at the University of Maryland. He served as president of the university from 1998 to 2010. Under his leadership, academic programs flourished, leading the university to its position of 36th in the world ranking by the Academic Ranking of World Universities. Dr. Mote is a leader in the national dialogue on higher education; his analyses of shifting funding models have been featured in local and national media. He has testified on major educational issues before the U.S. Congress, representing the university and higher-education associations on the problem of visa barriers for international students and scholars, on global competitiveness, and on deemed export control issues. He has served and currently serves on National Research Council (NRC) committees that work to identify chal - lenges to U.S. leadership in key areas of science and technology. He chaired the 2010 NRC study that produced the report S&T Strategies of Six Countries: Implications for the United States , served as vice chair of the Depart- ment of Defense Basic Research Committee, is a member and an officer of the National Academy of Engineering, co-chairs the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable, and serves on the Governing Board of the NRC. In 2004-2005, Dr. Mote served as president of the Atlantic Coast Conference. In its last ranking in 2002, Washington Business Forward magazine counted him among the top 20 most influential leaders in the region. Prior to assuming the presidency of the University of Maryland, Dr. Mote served on the faculty of the Univer- sity of California (UC), Berkeley, for 31 years. From 1991 to 1998, he was vice chancellor at UC Berkeley, held an endowed chair in Mechanical Systems, and was president of the UC Berkeley Foundation. He led a comprehensive capital campaign for UC Berkeley that raised $1.4 billion. He earlier served as chair of UC Berkeley’s Department of Mechanical Engineering and led the department to its number one ranking in the National Research Council review of graduate program effectiveness. Dr. Mote is internationally recognized for his research on the dynamics of gyroscopic systems and the bio - mechanics of snow skiing, and he has produced more than 300 publications. He also holds patents in the United States, Norway, Finland, and Sweden, and has mentored 58 Ph.D. students. Dr. Mote has received numerous awards and honors, including the Humboldt Prize awarded by the Federal Republic of Germany. He is a recipient of the Berkeley Citation from the University of California, and was named Distinguished Engineering Alumnus. He has received three honorary doctorates, is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, an honorary member of the ASME International, and a fellow of the International Academy of Wood Science, the Acoustical Society of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2005, he was named recipi - ent of the J.P. Den Hartog Award by the ASME International to honor his lifelong contribution to the teaching and/or practice of vibration engineering. He received the 2005 Founders Award from the National Academy of Engineering in recognition of his comprehensive body of work on the dynamics of moving flexible structures and for leadership in academia. He received the B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. Burt S. Barnow is the Amsterdam Professor of Public Service and Economics at the Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration at George Washington University. He has more than 30 years of experience as an economist in the fields of workforce investment, program evaluation, performance analysis, labor economics, welfare, poverty, child support, and fatherhood programs. Prior to his service at George Washington University, Dr. Barnow was associate director for research at the Johns Hopkins University’s Institute for Policy Studies, where he worked for 18 years. Prior to that, he worked for 8 years at the Lewin Group and nearly 9 years at the U.S. Department of Labor, including 4 years as director of the Office of Research and Evaluation in the Employment and Training Administration. Prior to holding those positions, Dr. Barnow was an assistant professor of economics at the University of Pittsburgh. He has a B.S. degree in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has extensive experience

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61 APPENDIX C conducting research on the implementation of large government programs and is currently co-project director for a study for the Employment and Training Administration (ETA) to analyze states’ experiences in implementing workforce investment and unemployment insurance provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Dr. Barnow also co-directed studies for ETA on the implementation of the Workforce Investment Act and the 1992 amendments to the Job Training Partnership Act. His current and recent research includes an evaluation of programs of the Center for Working Families for the Annie E. Casey Foundation, a project to develop and evaluate demonstrations that test innovative strategies to promote self-sufficiency for low-income families for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, a study for ETA to evaluate the impact of selected projects in the High Growth Job Training Initiative using nonexperimental methods, an assessment of occupational skill shortages for the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, an evaluation of the priority-of-service-for-veterans mandate for Department of Labor programs for ETA, a project to develop cost-performance standards for ETA, an evaluation of the determinants of the welfare caseload in Colorado for the State of Colorado, and an evaluation of a Department of Labor demonstration project to help youth in foster care make the transition into the labor market for Casey Family Programs. Dr. Barnow served as vice chair of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Committee on the Information Technology Work Force and was a member of the NAS Board on Higher Education and Workforce for 6 years. He is currently serving on the NAS Committee on the External Evaluation of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research and the Committee on the U.S. Mining and Energy Workforce, and he has served on five other NAS committees. He currently serves on the Baltimore Workforce Investment Board’s System Effectiveness Committee, and he chaired the Maryland Governor’s Workforce Investment Board’s Performance Committee for 4 years. Dr. Barnow chairs the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs Research Com - mittee, and he serves on the editorial boards of two journals. James S.B. Chew is L-3 Communications holdings director, Advanced Technologies and Concepts for the Precision Engagement Sector. Mr. Chew is responsible for leading the development and transition of disrup - tive precision-engagement technologies to the Department of Defense (DOD) and commercial markets. Prior to joining L-3, Mr. Chew served as a propulsion engineer for the Boeing Aerospace Company, senior engineer for SPARTA, program manager for Air Force Rocket Propulsion Lab, director of rocket propulsion technology plans and programs for the Air Force Phillips Laboratory, assistant staff specialist for weapons technology for the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and the deputy director of Air and Surface Weapons Technology for the Office of Naval Research. Mr. Chew also served as Exide’s vice president for the Military and Specialty Global Business Unit; product marketing consultant for the Dodge Division of Chrysler Corporation; QWIPTECH’s chief operat - ing officer (COO); General Motors’ American Tuner program manager; T/J Technologies COO; vice president, Science and Technology, ATK; and Science Applications International Corporation’s vice president, Space Systems Development Division. Mr. Chew earned a lifetime California State Community College teaching credential in engineering. He earned his B.S. degree in mechanical engineering from the California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, and an M.S. degree in systems management from the University of Southern California. Mr. Chew is a graduate of the Stanford Executive Engineering Program and the Defense Systems Management College Advanced Program Management Program. He is a DOD Level 3 certified acquisition professional and a DOD Level 3 System, Planning, Development, Research and Engineering professional. He was recognized as the 2009 College of Engi - neering Distinguished Alumnus by his undergraduate alma mater. Mr. Chew serves on the board of ABAKAN, Inc., and is also chair of the National Defense Industrial Association’s Science, Engineering and Technology Division. Lawrence J. Delaney is a private consultant. He retired as the executive vice president of operations and president of the Advanced Systems Development Sector of Titan Corporation. Previously he held distinguished positions with Arete Associates, Inc.; Delaney Group, Inc.; BDM Europe; and the Environmental and Management Systems Group at IABG. He was also the Acting Secretary of the Air Force and served as the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, as well as the Air Force’s service acquisition executive, responsible for all Air Force research, development, and acquisition activities. He provided direction, guidance, and supervision of all matters pertain - ing to the formulation, review, approval, and execution of acquisition plans, policies, and programs. Dr. Delaney has more than 41 years of international experience in high-technology program acquisition, management, and

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62 STEM WORKFORCE NEEDS FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE U.S. DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE engineering, focusing on space and missile systems, information systems, propulsion systems, and environmental technology. He served as a member of the National Research Council’s Board on Army Science and Technology, Air Force Studies Board (chair), and Army Science Board. Mary L. Good (NAE) is the Donaghey University Professor at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock and serves as dean for the College of Engineering and Information Technology. She is managing member for the Fund for Arkansas’ Future, LLC (an investment fund for start-up and early-stage companies), past president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, past president of the American Chemical Society, and an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering. At present she serves on the board of St. Vincent Health System and the board of Delta Bank and Trust. Previously she served a 4-year term as the Under Secretary for Technology for the Technology Administration in the Department of Commerce, a presidentially appointed, Senate-confirmed position. In addition, she chaired the National Science and Technology Council’s (NSTC’s) Committee on Technological Innovation and served on the NSTC Committee on National Security. Previously she has served as the senior vice president for technology for Allied Signal and as the Boyd Professor of Chem - istry and Materials Science at Louisiana State University. She was appointed to the National Science Board by President Carter in 1980 and by President Reagan in 1986. She was chair of that board from 1988 to 1991, when she received an appointment by President Bush to be a member of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Dr. Good has received many awards, including the National Science Foundation’s Distinguished Public Service Award, the American Institute of Chemists’ Gold Medal, the Priestly Medal from the American Chemical Society, and the Vannevar Bush Award from the National Science Board, among others. Dr. Good received her bachelor’s degree in chemistry from the University of Central Arkansas and her M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in inorganic chemistry from the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. Daniel E. Hastings is dean for undergraduate education and a professor of aeronautics and astronautics and engi - neering systems at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). As professor of aeronautics and astronautics and engineering systems, Dean Hastings has taught courses and seminars in plasma physics, rocket propulsion, advanced space power and propulsion systems, aerospace policy, technology and policy, and space systems engi - neering. Dean Hastings served as chief scientist to the U.S. Air Force from 1997 to 1999. In that role, he acted as chief scientific adviser to the Chief of Staff and the Secretary and provided assessments on a wide range of scientific and technical issues affecting the Air Force mission. He led several influential studies advising the Air Force investment in space, global energy projection, and options for a science and technology workforce for the 21st century. His recent research has concentrated on issues of space systems and space policy and also on issues related to spacecraft environmental interactions, space propulsion, and space systems engineering. He has published many papers and a book in the field of spacecraft-environment interactions and several papers in space propulsion and space systems. He has also led several national studies on government investment in space technology. Dean Hastings is a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, a fellow of the International Council on Systems Engineering, and a member of the International Academy of Astronautics. He served as a member of the National Science Board and the Applied Physics Lab Science and Technology Advisory Panel, as well as the chair of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board. He is a member of the MIT Lincoln Laboratory Advisory Committee, a member of the Corporation of Draper Laboratory, and a member of the Intelligence Science Board. He has served on several national committees on issues in the national security space. As dean for undergraduate education, Dean Hastings has broad responsibility for policy and direction in undergraduate education at MIT. He also oversees several administrative offices at MIT, including the Office of Undergraduate Advising and Academic Programming, Admissions Office, Global Education and Career Development Center, Office of Experiential Learn- ing, Office of Educational Innovation and Technology, Office of Faculty Support, Office of Minority Education, Registrar’s Office, Student Financial Services, the Teaching and Learning Laboratory and the ROTC Programs. Dean Hastings earned a B.A. in mathematics from Oxford University in England in 1976 and a Ph.D. and an S.M. from MIT in aeronautics and astronautics in 1980 and 1978, respectively.

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63 APPENDIX C Robert J. Hermann (NAE) is a private consultant. Previously he served as a senior partner at Global Technol - ogy Partners, LLC. He retired as senior vice president for science and technology of the United Technologies Corporation (UTC) in March 1998. He is a former director of the Department of Defense’s (DOD’s) National Reconnaissance Office and a former senior official at the National Security Agency. Dr. Hermann served as a member of the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (1993-1995) during the Clinton administration. In the role of senior vice president of science and technology for UTC, he had been responsible for ensuring the development of technical resources and the full exploitation of science and technology by the corporation. He was also responsible for the United Technologies Research Center. He had joined the company in 1982 as vice president of systems technology in the electronics sector and later served in a series of assignments in the defense and space systems groups prior to being named vice president of science and technology. Dr. Hermann concluded his tenure as immediate past chair of the board of directors of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) at the end of 2002, following a 2-year term; he had served as chair of the ANSI board of directors during 1999 and 2000 and as a member of the ANSI board since 1993. He continues to serve as a senior partner of Global Technology Partners, LLC, which specializes in investments in technology, defense, aerospace, and related businesses worldwide. Prior to joining UTC, Dr. Hermann had served for 20 years with the National Security Agency, with assignments in research and development, operations, and NATO. In 1977, he was appointed prin - cipal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Communications, Command, Control and Intelligence. In 1979, he was named Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Research, Development and Logistics and in parallel was director of the National Reconnaissance Office. He received B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineer- ing from Iowa State University. J.C. Herz is the chief executive officer of Batchtags, Inc. She is a technologist with a background in biological systems and computer-game design. Her specialty is massively multiplayer systems that leverage social network effects, whether on the Web, mobile devices, or more exotic high-end or grubby low-end hardware. She currently serves as a White House special consultant to the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Networks and Information Integration). Defense projects in which she has been engaged range from aerospace systems to a computer-game- derived interface for next-generation unmanned air systems. She is one of the three co-authors of the Office of the Secretary of Defense’s Open Technology Development roadmap. Ms. Herz serves on the Federal Advisory Committee for the National Science Foundation’s (NSF’s) Education Directorate. In that capacity, she is helping NSF harness emerging technologies to drive U.S. competitiveness in mathematics and science. Ms. Herz was a member of the National Research Council’s Committee on Information Technology and Creativity and is currently a fellow of Columbia University’s American Assembly, where she is on the leadership team of the Assembly’s Next Generation Project. In 2002, she was designated a Global Leader for Tomorrow by the World Economic Forum. She is a member of the Global Business Network and is a founding member of the Task Force on Game Technologies of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. She is a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She is on the advisory board of Carnegie Mellon University’s ETC Press. Ms. Herz graduated from Harvard University with a B.A. in biology and environmental studies, magna cum laude, in 1993. She is the author of two books, Surfing on the Internet (Little Brown, 1994), an ethnography of cyberspace before the Web, and Joystick Nation: How Videogames Ate Our Quarters, Won Our Hearts, and Rewired Our Minds (Little Brown, 1997), a history of videogames that traces the cultural and technological evolution of the first medium that was born digital and explores how it shaped the minds of a generation weaned on Nintendo. Her books have been translated into seven languages. As a New York Times columnist, Ms. Herz published 100 essays on the grammar and syntax of game design between 1998 and 2000. She has also contributed to Esther Dyson’s Release 1.0, Rolling Stone, Wired, GQ, and the Calgary Philatelist. Ray O. Johnson, a global executive focused on diversity and innovation, is the senior vice president and chief tech- nology officer of the Lockheed Martin Corporation. As an officer of the corporation and a member of the executive leadership team, Dr. Johnson guides the corporation’s technology vision and provides corporate leadership in the strategic areas of technology and engineering, which include more than 70,000 people working on more than 4,000

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64 STEM WORKFORCE NEEDS FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE U.S. DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE programs that provide some of the nation’s most vital security systems. He also leads the corporation’s Advanced Concepts Organization and the Center for Innovation, a world-class laboratory for collaborative experimentation and analysis involving Lockheed Martin, its customers, and industry partners. Dr. Johnson has a proven track record in managing large P&L organizations, strategic planning, program development, program management, and venture capital funding. He previously served on the boards of two biotechnology companies. He currently serves as a member of the boards of directors of Sandia Corporation, the National Math and Science Initiative, and the Hispanic College Fund, and as a member of the Project Lead the Way Advisory Board. Dr. Johnson is a member of the Governing Board of the Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum and a sponsor of the DST-Lockheed Martin India Innovation Growth Program. He is on the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Technology Innovation Program (TIP) Advisory Board. He is on the board of directors of the Northern Virginia Technology Council and the Virginia Center for Innovative Technology. He is also a member of the Virginia Innova - tion and Entrepreneurship Investment Authority and the Maryland Federal Facilities Advisory Board. Dr. Johnson is a member of the Board of Visitors for the A. James Clark School of Engineering at the University of Maryland, on the Dean’s Advisory Council for the College of Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, and chair of the USA Science and Engineering Festival’s Advisory Board. Anita K. Jones (NAE) is a University Professor Emerita at the University of Virginia and a professor of computer science in the School of Engineering and Applied Science, previously having served as chair of the Department of Computer Science. Dr. Jones was sworn in as the director of Defense Research and Engineering for the U.S. Depart - ment of Defense (DOD) in June 1993. In that position she was responsible for the management of the DOD science and technology program, which included responsibility for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and oversight of the DOD laboratories, as well as being the principal adviser to the Secretary of Defense for defense- related scientific and technical matters. Dr. Jones is past vice chair of the National Science Board, which advises the President on science, engineering, and education as well as oversees the National Science Foundation. She is a senior fellow of the Defense Science Board and a member of the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory Corpora - tion and a past member of the MIT Corporation Executive Committee. She has co-chaired the Commonwealth of Virginia Research and Technology Advisory Commission and has served on other government advisory boards and scientific panels for NASA, the National Academies, the Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the American Philosophical Society and a fellow of the Association for Computing Research Association’s Service Award, the Air Force Meritori - ous Civilian Service Award, the Department of Defense Award for Distinguished Public Service, and the IEEE Founders Award. The U.S. Navy named a seamount in the North Pacific Ocean for her. She is currently a member of the board of directors of Science Applications International Corporation and of ATS Corporation and a trustee of In-Q-Tel. Dr. Jones’s other private-sector experience includes serving as a trustee of the MITRE Corporation. Duke University, Carnegie Mellon University, and the University of Southern California have awarded her honor- ary doctorate degrees. She is a founder and council member of the Computing Community Consortium. She has published more than 50 technical articles and two books in the area of computer software and systems, cyber- security, and science and technology policy. In the fall of 2010, Dr. Jones received from the National Academy of Engineering the Arthur M. Bueche Award for contributions to science and technology policy advancement. She holds an A.B. from Rice University in mathematics; a Master of Arts in literature from the University of Texas, Austin; and a Ph.D. in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University. Sharon Levin is professor emeritus and research professor of economics at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. Dr. Levin has been studying issues concerning the science and engineering workforce for more than 25 years. She co-authored the book Striking the Mother Lode in Science: The Importance of Age, Place, and Time (Oxford, 1992), and her work related to the science and engineering workforce has been published in such prominent journals as the American Economic Review, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Growth and Change, Science, Social Studies of Science, and Management Science, for example. Her research on the careers of scientists and engineers has also been the focus of articles in The Economist, Science, The Scientist, and various newspapers and magazines in the United States and abroad. In 1993 she was awarded the Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Research and

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65 APPENDIX C Creativity by the University of Missouri-St. Louis. Dr. Levin’s research currently focuses on the effects that the diffusion of information technology has had on the publishing productivity of academic scientists. Her research has been supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Exxon Educational Foundation, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the National Science Foundation, the National Bureau of Economic Research, and the University of Missouri. Dr. Levin graduated from the Bronx High School of Science, the City College of New York (Phi Beta Kappa, magna cum laude) with a B.A. in economics, and she earned both her M.A. and Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan. Frances S. Ligler (NAE) is the Navy’s senior scientist for biosensors and biomaterials and current chair of the bioengineering section of the National Academy of Engineering. A researcher in the fields of biosensors and micro- fluidics, she has also worked in biochemistry, immunology, and proteomics. Dr. Ligler has more than 300 full-length publications and patents, which have been cited more than 6,100 times. She is an elected fellow of the Society for Photooptical Instrumentation Engineering and serves as an associate editor of Analytical Chemistry and a regional editor for the Americas for Biosensors & Bioelectronics. Her awards include the Navy Superior Civilian Service Medal, National Drug Control Policy Technology Transfer Award, Chemical Society Hillebrand Award, Navy Merit Award, Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Technology Transfer Award, three NRL Edison Awards for Patent of the Year, and the national Women in Science and Engineering (WISE) Outstanding Achievement in Science Award. Additionally, in 2003 she was awarded the Homeland Security Award (Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Field) by the Christopher Columbus Foundation and the Presidential Rank of Distinguished Senior Professional by President Bush. She has previously served on the National Research Council panel on Test and Evaluation of Biological Standoff Detection Systems (2007-2008). She earned a B.S. degree from Furman University and both a D.Phil. and D.Sc. from Oxford University. Aaron Lindenberg is an assistant professor of materials science and engineering at Stanford University. His cur- rent research there is focused on the dynamics of phase transitions, ultrafast properties of nanoscale materials, photoelectrochemical charge transfer dynamics, and terahertz nonlinear spectroscopy. Prior to taking his current position, Dr. Lindenberg served as a staff scientist at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. Previously he had been a postdoctoral faculty fellow at the University of California, Berkeley. In 2010 he was named a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency young faculty awardee for functional materials—all-optical control of nano - electronic devices. From 2007 to 2009 he was a Stanford Terman Fellow. He won the Alfred Moritz Michaelis Prize in Physics from Columbia University as well as being the I.I. Rabi Scholar while at Columbia. Paul D. Nielsen (NAE) is the director and chief executive officer of the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), a Federally Funded Research and Development Center operated by Carnegie Mellon University. The SEI advances software engineering principles and practices through focused research and development (R&D), which is transi - tioned to the broad software engineering community. Prior to his arrival as SEI director, Dr. Nielsen served in the U.S. Air Force, retiring as a major general after 32 years of distinguished service. As commander of the Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio for more than 4 years, he managed the Air Force’s science and technology budget of more than $3 billion annually. He also served as the Air Force’s technology executive officer, determining the investment strategy for the full spectrum of Air Force science and technol - ogy activities. Prior to his command of the Air Force Research Laboratory, Dr. Nielsen served as vice commander of the Aeronautical Systems Center, the Air Force’s center responsible for developing fighters, bombers, transports, reconnaissance aircraft, training systems, and unmanned aerospace vehicles. Among his previous assignments, he had served at the National Security Agency, the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Livermore National Labora - tory, the Secretary of the Air Force’s Office of Special Projects, and the Air Force’s Electronic Systems Center. He was a military assistant in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Commander of Rome Laboratory. He was operations chief for the Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center and director of plans for the North American Aerospace Defense Command. In 2010, Dr. Nielsen was elected as a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). He served as the AIAA president in 2007-2008 and is

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66 STEM WORKFORCE NEEDS FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE U.S. DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE a member of the AIAA Foundation board of trustees. Dr. Nielsen serves on several advisory boards, including the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, and he is a member of the board of directors for the Hertz Foundation, a nonprofit organization that awards graduate-school fellowships in the applied sciences. Dr. Nielsen received a B.S. degree in physics and mathematics from the U.S. Air Force Academy; an M.S. in applied science from the University of California, Davis; an M.B.A. from the University of New Mexico; and a Ph.D. in plasma physics from the University of California, Davis. Daniel T. Oliver, USN (Vice Admiral, retired), is the president of the Naval Postgraduate School. Commissioned in 1966 through the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps program at the University of Virginia, he became a naval aviator and piloted the Navy’s P-3 Maritime Patrol Aircraft, specializing in detecting and tracking sub marines. He completed eight operational deployments around the world during the Cold War with the Soviet Union, command - ing Patrol Squadron Sixteen and Patrol Wing Two. As a flag officer, he served as commander, Fleet Air Forces Mediterranean, and commanded coalition air operations in support of the United Nations embargo of the former Republic of Yugoslavia. Vice Admiral Oliver served on the personal staffs of two Chiefs of Naval Operations. In his first flag assignment as director, Total Forces Training and Education Division, he supervised the mobilization of naval reservists called to active duty during Operation Desert Storm. He later served sequentially as director of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OPNAV) Assessment Division, Fleet Liaison Division, and Program - ming Division. In these capacities, he was instrumental in shaping a balanced investment program for all Navy resources during the post-Cold War drawdown. In September 1996, Vice Admiral Oliver became the Chief of Naval Personnel and Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Manpower and Personnel. He was the primary advocate for sailors, both officer and enlisted, from recruitment through retirement. In this position, he formulated and insti - tuted personnel policies that guided the Navy through a critical transition from a post-Cold War drawdown to a steady-state force. After retiring from active duty in February 2000, he was active in the private sector as a senior executive and board member of a number of companies and civic organizations, mostly involved with government contracting in the information technology sector. Vice Admiral Oliver holds a bachelor’s and a master’s degree from the University of Virginia, where he also served as an associate professor of naval science. He is a graduate of the Harvard Business School Advanced Management Program and was a White House Fellow. C. Kumar N. Patel (NAS/NAE) is the founder, president, and chief executive officer of Pranalytica, Inc., a company based in Santa Monica, California, that is the leader in quantum cascade laser technology for defense and homeland security applications. He is also a professor of physics, chemistry, and electrical engineering at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He served as vice chancellor for research at UCLA from 1993 to 1999. Prior to joining UCLA in March 1993, he was the executive director of the Research, Materials Science, Engineering and Academic Affairs Division at AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey. He joined Bell Laboratories in 1961 and began his career there by carrying out research in the field of gas lasers. He is the inven - tor of the carbon dioxide and many other molecular gas lasers that ushered in the era of high-power sources of optical radiation. Dr. Patel holds a B.E. in telecommunications from the College of Engineering in Poona, India, and received his M.S. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1959 and 1961, respectively. In 1988, he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Science degree from the New Jersey Institute of Technology. In 1996, Dr. Patel was awarded the National Medal of Science by the President of the United States. His other awards include the Ballantine Medal of the Franklin Institute, the Zworykin Award of the National Academy of Engineering, the Lamme Medal of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Texas Instru - ments Foundation Founders’ Prize, the Charles Hard Townes Award of the Optical Society of America, the Arthur H. Schawlow Award of the Laser Institute of America, the George E. Pake Prize of the American Physical Society, the Medal of Honor of IEEE, the Frederic Ives Medal of the Optical Society of America, and the William T. Ennor Manufacturing Technology Award of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Leif E. Peterson is managing partner for Advanced HR Concepts and Solutions. Before retiring in December 2007, he was a member of the Senior Executive Service and the director of Manpower, Personnel and Services for the Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio. He provided executive

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67 APPENDIX C management of the command’s nearly 80,000 military and civilian professionals throughout the United States and overseas in research facilities, test sites, universities, and at product-development, logistics and specialized centers. The function of the Directorate of Manpower, Personnel and Services was to shape the AFMC workforce to deliver war-winning expeditionary capabilities and provide oversight, direction, and control for all personnel activities within the AFMC. Mr. Peterson entered federal service in 1971 as a labor relations specialist at U.S. Air Force Headquarters. He held numerous positions as a civilian personnel officer, serving two tours at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida and 6 years overseas. In 1983, he became deputy director of civilian personnel for Air Force Systems Command at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland. He later returned to U.S. Air Force Headquarters as chief of staffing of development and equal employment opportunity. For 8 years he was director of civilian personnel at Tactical Air Command and Air Combat Command at Langley Air Force Base in Virginia. He was then assigned as director of civilian personnel and programs at the AFMC. He was appointed to the Senior Executive Service in May 2004, assuming his previous position as deputy director of personnel. Stephen M. Robinson (NAE) is Professor Emeritus of Industrial and Systems Engineering and of Computer Sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, on whose faculty he served from 1972 to 2007. Dr. Robinson also holds the rank of colonel (retired) in the U.S. Army. His research specialty is in variational analysis and mathematical programming: methods for making the best use of limited resources, applied in logistics, transpor - tation, manufacturing, and many other areas. He is the author, co-author, or editor of seven books and more than 100 scientific research papers and has directed numerous funded research projects at the university. His research accomplishments have been recognized by the award of the honorary doctor’s degree from the University of Zürich, Switzerland, the George B. Dantzig Prize of the Mathematical Programming Society and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, and the John K. Walker, Jr., Award of the Military Operations Research Society. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a National Associate of the National Research Council, a fellow of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, and a fellow of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. Michael S. Teitelbaum is Wertheim Fellow at Harvard Law School and senior adviser to the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. By specialty he is a demographer, with research interests in the causes and consequences of very low fertility rates, the drivers and implications of international migration, and science and engineering labor markets. He has written and edited 10 books and many articles on these subjects. Previously he served as vice president of the Sloan Foundation; faculty member at Oxford University and Princeton University; director of the U.S. Congressional Select Committee on Population; vice chair and acting chair of the U.S. Commission on International Migration; member of the U.S. Commission on International Migration and Cooperative Economic Development; and chair of the Section on Social, Economic and Political Sciences of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, of which he was later elected a fellow. Dr. Teitelbaum was educated at Reed College and at Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar. Ronald Williams is a vice president of the College Board. Among his several leadership roles, he is responsible for strengthening the relationship between the College Board and community colleges throughout the United States. He also provides leadership to a cluster of initiatives dealing with students’ access to and persistence in college. Dr. Williams joined the College Board in 2007 from Prince George’s Community College in Largo, Maryland, where he had served as president since 1999, capping an extensive career with community colleges. He is a member of the board of the American Association of Colleges and Universities, the American Association of Community Colleges, and the American Council on Education’s Center for Policy Analysis Advisory Committee. Dr. Williams attended Lehigh University, where he earned a doctorate in literature, a master’s degree in English, and a bachelor’s degree in history and English. A writer, Dr. Williams has published two novels: Four Saints and an Angel and A Death in Panama.

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