Appendix C

Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

Julio Brigham-Grette(Co-chair) is a professor in the Department of Geosciences at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Dr. Brigham-Grette received her Ph.D. from the University of Colorado’s Institute for Arctic and Alpine Research. After postdoctoral research at the University of Bergen, Norway, and the University of Alberta, Canada, with the Canadian Geological Survey, she joined the faculty at the University of Massachusetts in the fall of 1987. Dr. Brigham-Grette has been conducting research in the Arctic for nearly 34 years, including nine field seasons in remote parts of northeast Russia since 1991. Her research interests and experience span a broad spectrum dealing with Arctic paleoclimate records and the Late Cenozoic evolution of the Arctic climate both on land and offshore, especially in the Bering Strait region. She was a member of the Arctic Logistics Task Force for the National Science Foundation (NSF) Office of Polar Programs (OPP) 1996-1999 and 2000-2003, and was member of the OPP Office Advisory Council 2002-2004. She chaired the U.S. Scientific Delegation to Svalbard for Shared Norwegian/U.S. Scientific Collaborations and Logistical Platforms in 1999. Brigham-Grette was two-term chair of the International Geosphere/ Biosphere Program’s Science Steering Committee on Past Global Change (PAGES) with an international program office in Bern, Switzerland, and past president of the American Quaternary Association. She served as one of two U.S. representatives to the International Continental Drilling Program. She is currently chair of the American Geophysical Union’s Paleoclimate and Paleoceanography Focus Group and co-chair of the DOSECC Science Planning Committee for scientific drilling.

Robert A. Rindschadler (Co-chair), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Emeritus) has been an active Antarctic field researcher for the past 30 years. He has led 15 field expeditions to Antarctica and has participated in many other expeditions to glaciers and ice caps around the world. He maintains an active interest in the dynamics of glaciers and ice sheets, primarily on Earth, investigating how remote sensing can be used to improve our understanding of the role of ice in the Earth’s climate and exploring the forces driving ice sheet change. Applications developed by Dr. Bindschadler include measuring ice velocity and elevation using both visible and radar imagery, monitoring melt of and snowfall on ice sheets by microwave emissions, and detecting changes in ice sheet volume by repeat spaceborne altimetry. He has advised the U.S. Congress and the Vice President on the stability of ice sheets and ice shelves, led the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Initiative for 20 years, served on many scientific commissions and study groups as an expert in glaciology and remote sensing of ice, was instrumental in the planning of the International Polar Year, and is a past president of the International Glaciological Society. Some of the more significant awards he has received are: Goddard Award of Merit (2008), Fellow of the American Geophysical Union (2001), Goddard Senior Fellow (2000), Excellence in Federal Career (1989), the Antarctic Service Medal (1984), and the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (1994). He has published over 140



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Appendix C Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Julie Brigham-Grette (Co-chair) is a professor in the DOSECC Science Planning Committee for scientific drilling. Department of Geosciences at the University of Mas- sachusetts, Amherst. Dr. Brigham-Grette received her Robert A. Bindschadler (Co-chair), NASA Goddard Ph.D. from the University of Colorado’s Institute for Space Flight Center (Emeritus) has been an active Arctic and Alpine Research. After postdoctoral research Antarctic field researcher for the past 30 years. He has at the University of Bergen, Norway, and the Univer- led 15 field expeditions to Antarctica and has partici- sity of Alberta, Canada, with the Canadian Geologi- pated in many other expeditions to glaciers and ice caps cal Survey, she joined the faculty at the University of around the world. He maintains an active interest in Massachusetts in the fall of 1987. Dr. Brigham-Grette the dynamics of glaciers and ice sheets, primarily on has been conducting research in the Arctic for nearly Earth, investigating how remote sensing can be used 34 years, including nine field seasons in remote parts of to improve our understanding of the role of ice in the northeast Russia since 1991. Her research interests and Earth’s climate and exploring the forces driving ice experience span a broad spectrum dealing with Arctic sheet change. Applications developed by Dr. Bind- paleoclimate records and the Late Cenozoic evolution schadler include measuring ice velocity and elevation of the Arctic climate both on land and offshore, espe- using both visible and radar imagery, monitoring melt cially in the Bering Strait region. She was a member of and snowfall on ice sheets by microwave emissions, of the Arctic Logistics Task Force for the National and detecting changes in ice sheet volume by repeat Science Foundation (NSF) Office of Polar Programs spaceborne altimetry. He has advised the U.S. Congress (OPP) 1996-1999 and 2000-2003, and was member and the Vice President on the stability of ice sheets and of the OPP Office Advisory Council 2002-2004. She ice shelves, led the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Initiative chaired the U.S. Scientific Delegation to Svalbard for 20 years, served on many scientific commissions for Shared Norwegian/U.S. Scientific Collaborations and study groups as an expert in glaciology and remote and Logistical Platforms in 1999. Brigham-Grette sensing of ice, was instrumental in the planning of the was two-term chair of the International Geosphere/ International Polar Year, and is a past president of the Biosphere Program’s Science Steering Committee on International Glaciological Society. Some of the more Past Global Change (PAGES) with an international significant awards he has received are: Goddard Award program office in Bern, Switzerland, and past president of Merit (2008), Fellow of the American Geophysical of the American Quaternary Association. She served Union (2001), Goddard Senior Fellow (2000), Excel- as one of two U.S. representatives to the International lence in Federal Career (1989), the Antarctic Service Continental Drilling Program. She is currently chair of Medal (1984), and the NASA Exceptional Scientific the American Geophysical Union’s Paleoclimate and Achievement Medal (1994). He has published over 140 Paleoceanography Focus Group and co-chair of the 131

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132 APPENDIX C scientific papers and numerous review articles and has Professor Hinzman’s primary research interests involve appeared on television and been heard on radio com- permafrost hydrology. He has conducted hydrological menting on glaciological impacts of the climate on the and meteorological field studies in the Alaskan Arctic world’s ice sheets and glaciers. continuously for over 30 years while frequently col- laborating on complementary research in the Russian Mary R. Albert, Dartmouth College, is professor of and Canadian Arctic. His research efforts have involved engineering at the Thayer School of Engineering at characterizing and quantifying hydrological processes Dartmouth College, and she is executive director of the and their interdependence with climate and ecosys- U.S. Ice Drilling Program Office. She was formerly a tem dynamics. Dr. Hinzman’s academic degrees were senior research scientist at the Army’s Cold Regions earned from South Dakota State University, Purdue Research and Engineering Lab. Her research includes University, and the University of Alaska, Fairbanks heat, mass, chemical transfer, and electromagnetic in chemistry, soil science, agronomy and soil physics. processes in snow and firn, including atmosphere-snow He has served as a member of the U.S. Polar Research exchange, ice core interpretation, and remote sensing Board, the U.S. Representative to the International of snow and ice. She has led and participated in many Permafrost Association and is a member of the Uni- research programs in both Greenland and Antarctica, versities Council on Water Resources. He served as most recently as chief scientist of the Norwegian-U.S. co-chair of the U.S. National Science Foundation study Scientific Traverse of East Antarctica, an IPY project. on the Arctic Freshwater Initiative and presently serves W hile serving on the National Academies of Science as chief scientist for the U.S. Department of Energy Polar Research Board from 2003-2006, she was chair Arctic Next Generation Ecosystem Experiment. He of the U.S. National Committee for the IPY and led is an internal advisory committee member for the the writing of the 2004 NRC Report, A Vision for the Alaska Center for Energy and Power and Association International Polar Year. Dr. Albert served on the NSF of Polar Early Career Scientists. Dr. Hinzman serves OPP Advisory Committee from 1998 to 2001, and on the International Advisory Board of the Korean was Chair of that committee from 1999 to 2000. She Polar Research Institute and is strongly committed to is currently associate editor of Water Resources Research facilitating international partnerships to advance our and serves on the Executive Committee of the Ameri- understanding of the Arctic system. can Geophysical Union Cryosphere Focus Group. Dr. Albert earned her Ph.D. in Applied Mechanics and Dr. Eileen E. Hofmann, Old Dominion University, is a Engineering Sciences in 1991 from the University of professor of iceanography in the Department of Ocean, California, San Diego. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences and a member of the Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography, both at Old John Cassano, University of Colorado, is an associate Dominion University. Dr. Hofmann earned a Ph.D. in professor in the Department of Atmospheric and Oce- Marine Science and Engineering from North Carolina anic Sciences and a Fellow of the Cooperative Institute State University. Her research interests are in the areas for Research in the Environmental Sciences at the of understanding physical-biological interactions in University of Colorado, Boulder. His research focuses marine ecosystems, climate control of diseases of marine on the meteorology and climate of the polar regions. shellfish populations, descriptive physical oceanography, Dr. Cassano is a U.S. delegate to the International and mathematical modeling of marine ecosystems. She Arctic Sciences Committee. Dr. Cassano received his has worked in a variety of marine environments, most Ph.D in Atmospheric Science from the University of recently the continental shelf region off the western Ant- Wyoming in 1998. arctic Peninsula. She served on the Ocean Studies Board and on numerous National Research Council commit- Larry D. Hinzman, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, tees, including the Committee on Strategic Advice on is the director of the International Arctic Research the U.S. Climate Change Science Program. She is cur- Center and is professor of civil and environmental rently the chair of the Integrated Marine Biogeochemi- engineering at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks. cal and Ecosystem Research Project, cosponsored by the

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133 APPENDIX C International Geosphere-Biosphere Program and the Pacific Walrus Conservation Fund. Ms. Metcalf also Scientific Committee for Oceanic Research. represents EWC as an Advisory Panel member on the North Pacific Research Board and on the Indigenous Igor Krupnik, Smithsonian Institute, is curator of People’s Council on Marine Mammals (consisting of Arctic and Northern Ethnology collections at the commissions formed to identify and address marine National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian mammal issues of common concerns). She is currently Institution, in Washington, D.C. His primary research serving on the Inuit Circumpolar Council Alaska and fields are modern cultures, ecological knowledge, and its Executive Committee. Ms. Metcalf is a former com- cultural heritage of the people of the Arctic, primar- missioner for the U.S. Arctic Research Commission. ily in Alaska and Siberia; culture change and contact Stephanie Pfirman, Barnard College, is Alena Wels history; human ecology; history of Arctic science and Arctic indigenous studies; and impact of modern cli- Hirschorn ’58 and Martin Hirschorn Professor in mate change on Arctic residents, their economies, and Environmental and Applied Sciences and co-chair of cultures. Dr. Krupnik served on the U.S. National Plan- the Department of Environmental Science at Barnard ning Committee for IPY in 2003-2004, before being College, which she joined in 1993. She holds a joint nominated to the main international steering body appointment with Columbia University where she is a for IPY, the ICSU-WMO Joint Committee, in 2004. member of the faculties of the Earth Institute and the On the Joint Committee (2005-2010), Dr. Krupnik Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, and served as one of two social scientists representing the adjunct research scientist at the Lamont-Doherty Earth interests of social studies and Arctic residents. He was Observatory of Columbia University. Throughout her instrumental in bringing social/human research onto career, Pfirman has been involved with researching the the IPY agenda. Dr. Krupnik’s personal contribution Arctic environment, undergraduate education, environ- to IPY science program was an international proj- mental policy strategies, and public outreach. Current ect called SIKU (Sea Ice Knowledge and Use in the interests include environmental aspects of sea ice in the North), on which he coordinated activities of several Arctic, climate change education, and the development research teams from Canada, the United States, Russia, of women scientists and interdisciplinary scholars. In Greenland, and France that worked in some 30 Arctic 2010, Pfirman was elected a fellow of the American communities from the Bering Strait to Greenland. He A ssociation for the Advancement of Science “for was the lead editor of the main summary report on IPY distinguished contributions to scientific studies of the activities, “Understanding Earth’s Polar Challenges: Arctic and effective outreach to policy makers, students, International Polar Year 2007-2008,” by the IPY Joint faculty and the general public.” The first chair of NSF’s Committee (2011). Dr. Krupnik received his Ph.D. in Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and anthropology from the Institute of Ethnology, Russian Education (ACERE), Dr. Pfirman oversaw analysis Academy of Sciences. of a 10-year outlook for environmental research and education. Dr. Pfirman rejoined the ACERE in 2010, Vera Kingeekuk Metcalf, Marine Mammal Commis- and she also is currently a member of NSF’s Merit sion, is the director of the Eskimo Walrus Commission Review Process Advisory Committee. She is a past (EWC) at Kawerak, Inc. since 2002. She continues to member of the National Academy of Sciences Polar work in promoting local community participation in Research Board, which served as the U.S. National research that involves a community’s natural and cul- Committee for the International Polar Year 2007-2009, tural resources. In 2004 and in cooperation with U.S. past president of the Council of Environmental Deans Fish and Wildlife Service, EWC convened a workshop and Directors, and past chair of NSF’s Office Advisory to discuss and begin integrating research concerns Committee to the Office of Polar Programs. Dr. Pfir- with the Pacific walrus and its environment. As EWC man earned her Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute director, Ms. Metcalf also serves as a Special Advisor of Technology/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution on Native Affairs–Marine Mammal Commission, Joint Program in Oceanography and Oceanographic the Pacific Walrus Technical Committee, and on the Engineering.

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134 APPENDIX C Chris Rapley, The Science Museum, is professor of courtesy professor for the Department of Geology. He also serves as director of the State of Kansas NSF Climate Science at University College London (UCL). EPSCoR Program. He earned his Ph.D. in botany He earned an M.Sc. in Radio Astronomy at Jodrell and geology from the University of Illinois in 1964. Bank in Cheshire followed by a Ph.D. at the Mullard D r. Taylor is a member of the National Academy Space Science Laboratory (MSSL) at University College of Sciences. He also serves on the National Science London on the origin of the cosmic soft X-ray diffuse Foundation Education and Human Resources Advi- background. Following a decade as the founder and head sory Committee, as chair of the Strategic Planning of the Earth Observation group and associate director and Assessment Committee for National Institutes at UCL’s Mullard Space Science laboratory. Profes- of Health BRIN KU Medical Center, on Senator Pat sor Rapely was appointed Executive Director of the Roberts’ Advisory Committee in Science, Technology, International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme IGBP, and on the Future Kansas Implementation Advisory which he ran from 1994 to 1998. He was director of Committee, the National Science Foundation GPRA the British Antarctic Survey from 1998 to 2007 during Performance Assessment Advisory Committee, the which time he was a vice president then president of the National Science Foundation MPSAC/EHRAC Com- Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) mittee to Review Undergraduate Education in Math and the chair of the planning group that developed the and the Physical Sciences, Bioinformatics Core Advi- International Polar Year 2007-2008. He was director of sory Committee. He serves on multiple NSF EPSCoR the Science Museum from 2007 to 2010, during which Advisory Boards and committees. He served on the time the Museum delivered its Centenary programme, Polar Research Board for the NRC. In addition he including the new gallery “Atmosphere: Exploring Cli- served as faculty advisor to the chancellor of the Ohio mate Science.” In 2008 he was awarded the Edinburgh Board of Regents and on the Government-University- Science Medal for “professional achievements judged to Industry Research Roundtable for the State of Ohio. have made a significant contribution to the understand- ing and well-being of humanity.” Wilford F. Weeks, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Lisa Speer, Natural Resources Defense Council, is is professor emeritus of geophysics at the University of Alaska. His primary area of interest is in the proper- the director of the International Oceans Program at ties and geophysical behavior of the sea ice covers of NRDC, an environmental organization dedicated to the world’s oceans. Specific areas he has investigated protecting natural resources and public health with include interrelations between growth conditions and offices in the United States and China. Her work the structure, composition, and mechanical and electro- currently focuses on conservation and management magnetic properties of sea ice; formation and statistical of the Arctic marine environment, and marine bio- characteristics of pressure ridges; ice-induced gouging diversity beyond national jurisdiction, an area known of the sea floor, bearing capacity and forces exerted by as the “high seas.” Ms. Speer conducts advocacy in a moving ice; and application of varied remote sensing variety of international forums to promote integrated, techniques to sea ice problems and general problems ecosystem-based management of human activities on relating to atmosphere-ice-ocean interactions. Dr. the high seas and in the Arctic, with a particular focus Weeks is a member of the National Academy of on marine fisheries. She received her Master’s degree Engineering. He has also had considerable experience from Yale University and her Bachelor’s degree from concerning the geophysics and engineering of snow and Mount Holyoke College. Ms. Speer has served as a ice masses in general, including the structure of lake member of the NRC Board on Environmental Studies and river ice, winter heat loss from rivers, avalanche and Toxicology, and on ad hoc NRC study committees. forecasting, properties of alpine snow, and temperature Thomas N. Taylor, University of Kansas, is Roy A. distributions and snow property variations in central Greenland. Dr. Weeks received his Ph.D. from the Roberts Distinguished Professor at the University of University of Chicago. Kansas. He is also senior curator of the Natural His- tory Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, and