BOX 2-4
Summary of Session Points

Science Within the Regulatory Environment

•   A primary role of research support services is to facilitate research by making compliance as seamless as possible for the investigator, while still assuring institutional compliance.

•   The cost of regulation can be both a fiscal as well as a time cost for regulators and scientists (i.e., administrative burden).

•   Bureaucracy is inevitable and may have a greater impact on animal research regulation enforcement in some countries more than others.

Animal Welfare and Scientific Quality

•   Suggestions for improving both animal welfare and scientific quality:

   o   Minimize non-experimental (e.g., environmental) confounding variables.

   o   Improve the environment in which the animals are maintained to reduce experimental variability.

   o   Reduce unnecessary duplication of studies.

   o   Enhance the productivity of current animal models.

Public Confidence

•   Public confidence in the regulatory process may increase if the scientific com-munity helps to educate the public and politicians about

   o   the nature of fundamental research,

   o   how animal research contributes to science, and

   o   animal research regulatory laws, policies, and requirements.

•   Engagement by the scientific community in the regulatory and legislative pro-cess may result in more scientifically-based animal research regulations.

•   Science might benefit from fostering relationships with alliance partners (e.g., patient groups, industry, animal welfare organizations) to bring a shared message to legislators.

•   Mechanisms are in place for scientific organizations to comment on proposed regulations.

•   Scientists in regions such as Asia and South America with less developed animal research regulations may have greater opportunities to participate in the process and educate lawmakers.

SOURCE: Individual panelists and participants.

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