failure to provide such information in a usable form (see full Statement of Task in Appendix D).

The committee was also asked to plan and convene this workshop with the goal of bringing together scientific experts with a wide array of representatives from the end user stakeholder community. The committee developed the workshop agenda and selected and invited participants who contributed presentations and took part in plenary and small group discussions. The workshop not only included a wide spectrum of representation from the meteorology research community, but close to half of the participants represented a range of end user stakeholder groups. Participants from federal and local government, national laboratories, academia, and the private sector brought expertise in areas such as urban vulnerability, transportation, public health, urban planning, emergency management, security, utilities, urban modeling, and observations (Box 1.2). There was also some international participation (see Appendix C for a participant list).

BOX 1.2

Perspectives from the End User
Stakeholder Community at the Workshop

“…when you’re on the operational side and you hear [the terms] urban meteorology, turbulent intensity, morphology, dispersion, forcing fluxes, anthropogenic, spatial…that is not our language. Our language is about evacuation, survivors, first responders, preparedness, recovery, mitigation.” Sandra Knight, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

“… if we want a very fine spatial resolution [in a model] to look for variations in temperature, pretty much all we have …is land surface temperature, and that is not the temperature in which people experience. Unless we’re laying on the ground, we’re not experiencing that temperature.” George Luber, Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

“Nothing is worse during an event than getting a piece of measurement data that you think is very important, but you don’t understand what instrument it came from, what’s the threshold, what’s the sensitivity, what did it actually measure…? What was actually the quantity that was there, and what QA [quality assessment] was performed on it?” Gayle Sugiyama, National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC)

“… essentially we are looking for just better, more transparent documentation of those basic products that the Weather Service and others put out.” James Rufo Hill, Seattle Public Utilities

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