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4 Workshops, Symposia, Meetings of Experts, and Other Special Projects In 2011, the Space Studies Board printed one workshop report, convened one workshop, and was forming a planning committee for a workshop on decadal surveys lessons learned that is expected to take place in 2012. THE EFFECTS OF SOLAR VARIABILITY ON EARTH’S CLIMATE The organizing committee for The Effects of Solar Variability on Earth’s Climate: A Workshop was gathered for a planning meeting on April 25 to be briefed by the workshop’s sponsors, NASA and the National Science Foundation, and to hear updates on current research in solar physics, climate, and the Sun-climate connection. The workshop, held on September 8-9 in Boulder, Colorado, was open to the public and about 50 scientists attended the event each day. Sessions included “The Sun—Past and Present” and “The Sun-Climate Connection, Parts 1 and 2.” The summary report of the workshop will be available in Spring 2012. Planning Committee Membership* Gerald R. North, Texas A&M University, College Station (chair) Daniel N. Baker, University of Colorado, Boulder Raymond S. Bradley, University of Massachusetts, Amherst Peter Foukal, Heliophysics, Inc. Joanna D. Haigh, Imperial College London Isaac M. Held, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Gerald A. Meehl, National Center for Atmospheric Research Larry J. Paxton, Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory Peter A. Pilewskie, University of Colorado, Boulder Carolus J. Schrijver, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center Ka-Kit Tung, University of Washington Staff Abigail A. Sheffer, Associate Program Officer, SSB (study director) Amanda R. Thibault, Research Associate, ASEB Terri Baker, Senior Program Assistant, SSB *All terms expired on December 31, 2011. 35

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36 Space Studies Board Annual Report—2011 SHARING THE ADVENTURE WITH THE PUBLIC— THE VALUE AND EXCITEMENT OF “GRAND QUESTIONS” OF SPACE SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION The importance of conveying an understanding and appreciation for the “grand questions” of space science and exploration that motivate the majority of NASA’s programs, such as, How is the universe evolving? Are we alone? Will the Earth remain a hospitable home for humanity in the future? What could the future hold for humans in space?, was the topic of the workshop held on November 8-10, 2010, at the National Academies’ Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, California. The workshop, organized by an ad hoc planning committee and held under the auspices of the Space Studies Board, involved prominent space scientists and communications professionals and attracted an audience of more than 160. A report on the discussions that took place, Sharing the Adventure with the Public—The Value and Excitement of “Grand Questions” of Space Science and Exploration: Summary of a Workshop, was released in November 2011. The Workshop Overview is reprinted in Chapter 5. Workshop Rapporteur Marcia Smith, Space and Technology Policy Group, LLC Staff Ian W. Pryke, Senior Program Officer, SSB Lewis Groswald, Research Associate, SSB Carmela J. Chamberlain, Administrative Coordinator, SSB Gabriel Betancourt-Martinez , Lloyd V. Berkner Space Policy Intern Bruno Sánchez-Andrade Nuño, Lloyd V. Berkner Space Policy Intern