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PETER MURRAY

1920–2009

Elected in 1976

“For contributions to the understanding and engineering application
of materials in high-flux radiation and high-temperature corrosion
environments.”

BY HOWARD J. BRUSCHI, B. DON RUSSELL, JR., AND
JOHN J. TAYLOR

PETER MURRAY has been recognized internationally for his contributions to the development of nuclear energy for the production of electricity and for the recycling of nuclear fuel with the potential to increase dramatically nuclear fuel resources for the centuries ahead. His career was devoted to high-temperature materials and nuclear fuel research and the design and engineering of uranium dioxide fuel used in today’s worldwide fleet of nuclear electricity-generating plants as well as in advanced reactors being developed for nuclear fuel recycling. Dr. Murray died on July 26, 2009, at the age of 89.

Born in Rotherham, Yorkshire, England, on March 13, 1920, Peter Murray was an outstanding product of the British education establishment, gaining a B.Sc. with honors in chemistry and a Ph.D. in metallurgy and ceramics from Sheffield University in 1950. From 1949 to 1967, he was employed by the U.K. Atomic Energy Research Establishment (AERE), in Harwell, starting as a metallurgist, and was appointed head of the metallurgy division in 1960 and assistant director in 1964. Peter worked extensively on the effects of radiation and reactor coolants on materials, including metal, oxide, and carbide fuels. He became heavily involved with both thermal and fast reactor development programs, including the reactors in Dounreay, Scotland. He participated in many trips and



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