B

Moderator and Speaker
Biographical Sketches

Connie W. Bales, Ph.D., R.D., is Professor of Medicine in the Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, at the Duke School of Medicine and Senior Fellow in the Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development at Duke University Medical Center. She is also Associate Director for Education/Evaluation of the Geriatrics Research, Education and Clinical Center at the Durham VA Medical Center. Dr. Bales is a well-recognized expert in the field of nutrition and aging. Her research endeavors over the past two decades have focused on a variety of topics and she has published broadly on nutritional frailty, nutritional interventions for chronic diseases in aging, obesity in late life, and calorie restriction as a modifier of the aging process. She is the recipient of numerous awards, including the Grace Goldsmith Award and Max K. Horwitt Distinguished Lectureship. She currently serves the American Society for Nutrition as an Executive Member of the Medical Nutrition Council and is a past president of the American College of Nutrition. Dr. Bales edits the Handbook of Clinical Nutrition in Aging and the Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics. Dr. Bales received her Ph.D. in 1981 at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

Enid A. Borden, M.S., is the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Meals On Wheels Association of America (MOWAA), the oldest and largest organization in the United States representing those who provide meal services to people in need. During her 19-year tenure at MOWAA, Ms. Borden has been responsible for the dramatic growth of the organization, leading it from a little-known trade group to a major national not-for-profit association and increasing its budget over tenfold. Her visionary leadership has



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B Moderator and Speaker Biographical Sketches Connie W. Bales, Ph.D., R.D., is Professor of Medicine in the Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, at the Duke School of Medicine and Senior Fellow in the Center for the Study of Aging and Human Develop- ment at Duke University Medical Center. She is also Associate Director for Education/Evaluation of the Geriatrics Research, Education and Clinical Center at the Durham VA Medical Center. Dr. Bales is a well-recognized expert in the field of nutrition and aging. Her research endeavors over the past two decades have focused on a variety of topics and she has published broadly on nutritional frailty, nutritional interventions for chronic diseases in aging, obesity in late life, and calorie restriction as a modifier of the aging process. She is the recipient of numerous awards, including the Grace Goldsmith Award and Max K. Horwitt Distinguished Lectureship. She cur- rently serves the American Society for Nutrition as an Executive Member of the Medical Nutrition Council and is a past president of the American College of Nutrition. Dr. Bales edits the Handbook of Clinical Nutrition in Aging and the Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics. Dr. Bales received her Ph.D. in 1981 at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Enid A. Borden, M.S., is the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Meals On Wheels Association of America (MOWAA), the oldest and largest organization in the United States representing those who provide meal ser- vices to people in need. During her 19-year tenure at MOWAA, Ms. Borden has been responsible for the dramatic growth of the organization, leading it from a little-known trade group to a major national not-for-profit associa- tion and increasing its budget over tenfold. Her visionary leadership has 119

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120 NUTRITION AND HEALTHY AGING not only made MOWAA the preeminent national organization dedicated to ending senior hunger in the United States but has also brought national attention to the long overlooked problem of senior hunger in America. Char- acterizing herself as a “missionary” in the cause of ending senior hunger in the United States, Enid Borden is frequently interviewed by major news media outlets and is often called upon by Congress, federal departments, and other not-for-profit organizations for expert advice and testimony. In addition to her position at MOWAA, Ms. Borden also serves as Chief Executive Officer of the Meals On Wheels Association of America Research Foundation. Prior to coming to MOWAA, Ms. Borden held several public affairs and policy positions in the public sector, including Deputy Commis- sioner for Policy and External Affairs at the Social Security Administration and Director of Public Affairs of the then Office of Human Development Services within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. She also has been a successful small business owner. Ms. Borden currently serves as an Advisory Board Member of the Sesame Street Food Insecurity Advisory Committee, on the American Society of Association Executive’s (ASAE’s) Key Philanthropic Organizations Committee, which she chaired in 2008 and 2009, and on the Board of Directors of the Visiting Nurse Associations of America. She has also been a member of the CEO Advisory Committee of ASAE, a member of the Nonprofit Advisory Board, and a Member of the Board of Trustees of Alfred University. Additionally, Ms. Borden has served on the faculty in the School of Graduate and Continuing Studies at Goucher College in Baltimore. Ms. Borden’s work has earned her recognition in Who’s Who in the Media and Communications. She earned her bachelor’s degree from Alfred University, her master’s degree from Adelphi University, and pursued study through the John F. Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University. Eric A. Coleman, M.D., M.P.H., is Professor of Medicine and Head of the Division of Health Care Policy and Research at the University of Colorado at Denver. Dr. Coleman is the Director of the Care Transitions Program (www.caretransitions.org), which is aimed at improving quality and safety during times of care “hand-offs.” He is also the Executive Director of the Practice Change Fellows Program (www.practicechangefellows.org), which is designed to build leadership capacity among health care professionals who are responsible for geriatric programs and service lines. Dr. Coleman bridges innovation and practice through (1) enhancing the role of patients and caregivers in improving the quality of their care transitions across acute and postacute settings, (2) measuring quality of care transitions from the perspective of patients and caregivers, (3) implementing system-level prac- tice improvement interventions, and (4) using health information technol- ogy to promote safe and effective care transitions.

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121 APPENDIX B Charlene Compher, Ph.D., R.D., CNSC, LDN, FADA, is an Associate Professor of Nutrition Science at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing. She also is an advanced practice dietitian at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, one of the top 10 hospitals in the United States. Dr. Compher is a highly regarded clinical researcher, clinician, and editor, whose research has focused on conditions with high nutritional risk, includ- ing severe gastrointestinal disease, the elderly, and obesity. Dr. Compher impacts practice from local to international levels by developing evidence- based clinical guidelines for nutrition support practice. Rebecca Costello, Ph.D., recently retired from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) as Director of Grants and Extramural Activities, a position which she held for 6 years. Prior to that she was ODS Deputy Director from January 1999 to April 2006 and Acting Director from January 1999 to October 1999. Dr. Costello partici- pated in the development of the ODS Strategic Plan and is charged with implementing the plan’s goals and objectives by organizing workshops and conferences on dietary supplements, conducting scientific reviews to iden- tify gaps in scientific knowledge, and initiating and coordinating research efforts among NIH Institutes and other federal agencies. As Director of Grants and Extramural Activities she encouraged partnerships with other NIH Institutes and Centers to facilitate funding of grants that are of high relevance to the ODS mission and goals. Prior to her NIH appointment, Dr. Costello was with the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Acad- emy of Sciences, serving as Project Director for the Committee on Military Nutrition Research. She received a B.S. and M.S. in biology from the American University and a Ph.D. in clinical nutrition from the University of Maryland at College Park. Dr. Costello is a member of the American Society of Nutrition, American Heart Association, and the Southern Society of Clinical Investigation. She is also a liaison member to the Nutrition Committee of the American Heart Association and an adjunct assistant pro- fessor in the Department of Military and Emergency Medicine of the Uni- formed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Maryland. Lori Gerhard is the Director of the Office of Program Innovation and Demonstration for the U.S. Administration on Aging (AoA). The Office has responsibility for helping to transform AoA core programs through innova- tion grant programs. Prior to joining AoA, Ms. Gerhard served as Acting Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Aging and she also has experi- ence as a state policy maker, nursing home administrator, consultant and educator. With more than 27 years of experience in developing and deliver- ing long-term services and supports, Ms. Gerhard has extensive knowledge and experience in the development of state long-term service and support

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122 NUTRITION AND HEALTHY AGING systems including financing, regulatory, and general operations. She has a B.S. degree from the Pennsylvania State University’s Health Planning and Administration program and is a graduate of the University of North Texas’ Certified Aging Specialist Program. Judy Hannah, Ph.D., is Health Science Administrator in the Division of Geriatrics and Clinical Gerontology at the National Institute on Aging. James A. Hester, Ph.D., is the Acting Director of the Population Health Models Group at the Innovation Center in the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), developing new care models and payment reform initiatives designed to improve the health of communities and targeted populations. Prior to joining CMS, he was the Director of the Health Care Reform Commission for the Vermont state legislature. The commission was charged with overseeing the implementation of a comprehensive package of health reform legislation and recommending the long-term strategy to ensure that all Vermonters have access to affordable, quality health care. The delivery system reforms included a statewide enhanced medical home program and the development of pilot community health systems based on the ACO concept. Dr. Hester has 35 years’ experience in the health care field, and has held senior management positions with MVP Healthcare in Vermont, ChoiceCare in Cincinnati, Pilgrim Health Care in Boston, and Tufts Medical Center in Boston. He began his managed care career as Direc- tor of Applied Research for the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program in Los Angeles, California. Dr. Hester earned his Ph.D. in urban studies, and his M.S. and B.S. degrees in aeronautics and astronautics, all from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has a continuing interest in health services research and teaching, and has held faculty appointments at the University of Vermont, University of Cincinnati, Harvard School of Public Health, and the University of Massachusetts. He has served on the boards of Vermont Information Technology Leaders (VITL), the Vermont Program for Quality Health Care, and UVM’s College of Nursing and Health Science. Gordon L. Jensen, M.D., Ph.D., is head of the Department of Nutritional Sci- ences at the Pennsylvania State University and former Director and Professor of Medicine at the Vanderbilt Center for Human Nutrition. Dr. Jensen’s re- search interests have focused largely on geriatric nutrition concerns. A major limitation in the identification of elders at nutritional risk has been the lack of valid methodologies that have been tested in rigorous research studies with well-defined outcome measures. His team has therefore emphasized the devel- opment and testing of nutrition screening and assessment tools in relation to specific functional and health care resource outcomes for older persons. In

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123 APPENDIX B particular he has focused upon the impact of obesity on these outcomes. At present he serves as a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) and the Food Forum. Dr. Jensen is a past president of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. He is a past-chair of the Medical Nutrition Council of the American Society for Nutrition. He has served on advisory panels or work groups for the National Institutes of Health and the American Dietetic Association, and was a member of the IOM FNB Committee on Nutrition Services for Medicare Beneficiaries. Dr. Jensen received his Ph.D. in nutritional biochemistry from Cornell Uni- versity and his medical degree from Cornell University Medical College. Mary Ann Johnson, Ph.D., is the Bill and June Flatt Professor in Foods and Nutrition and is a Faculty of Gerontology in the Department of Foods and Nutrition, College of Family and Consumer Sciences, at the Uni- versity of Georgia. Dr. Johnson’s expertise in human aging is in longevity, health promotion, nutrition, vitamins, minerals, dietary supplements, and diabetes prevention and management and she is well known for translating scientific information about nutrition and health into practical advice for older adults and the agencies that serve them. She has been a subcontrac- tor and nutrition services provider for the Northeast Georgia Area Agency on Aging since 1998 and a co-investigator of the NIH-funded Georgia Centenarian Study for more than 20 years. She is a technical consultant for the Georgia Division of Aging Services and a co-developer of Live Well Age Well, a website developed for older people and their families and caregivers (www.livewellagewell.info). Dr. Johnson is a member of the American Society of Nutrition (ASN), the American Dietetic Association, the Institute of Food Technologies, and the inaugural class of national spokespeople for ASN. She serves on the editorial board of Journal of Nutrition in Geron- tology and Geriatrics and as the Secretary-Treasurer for the ASN Medical Nutrition Council. Dr. Johnson is a recipient of the 2008 Georgia Diabetes Coalition Research Award, the 2008 UGA College of Family and Consumer Sciences Outreach Award, and the 2010 Teacher of the Year in Foods and Nutrition, and was the first recipient of the Bill and June Flatt Professor- ship at the University of Georgia. She is the author or co-author of more than 120 peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Johnson received her doctorate in nutritional sciences from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Heather Keller, R.D., Ph.D., is a nutrition epidemiologist and dietitian. Her research expertise includes nutrition risk screening, assessment, and nutrition intervention for seniors in general and seniors with dementia in particular. Her research spans community and institutional sectors. She is a Professor in the Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition at the University of Guelph (Ontario, Canada) and a Research Scientist with

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124 NUTRITION AND HEALTHY AGING the RBJ Schlegel-University of Waterloo Research Institute of Aging. As of January 2012, Dr. Keller is the Schlegel Research Chair in Nutrition and Aging at the University of Waterloo. Dr. Keller has published extensively in the area of nutrition and older adults. Her current research is focused on eating in dementia, social aspects of eating, weight loss, nutrition risk programs, and interventions. She is co-chair of the Canadian Malnutrition Task Force. In 2007 she received the Betty Havens Knowledge Translation Award from the Institute of Aging, CIHR. Dr. Keller engages in extensive community engaged scholarship and knowledge translation and exchange. Please see www.drheatherkeller.com for further details. Neva Kirk-Sanchez, Ph.D., PT, is an Associate Professor of Clinical Physi- cal Therapy at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. She has clinical experience in geriatric rehabilitation and health promotion and wellness in older populations. She also has a particular interest in the man- agement of childhood and adult obesity. Her research interests include the impact of physical activity on chronic disease management. She has spoken widely on this topic in both community setting and to health care workers. She has a particular interest in the areas of type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and other cognitive impairments, and physical activity in normal aging. She is currently engaged in a clinical trial of the effects of physical ex- ercise versus cognitive exercise for people with mild cognitive impairment. Dr. Kirk-Sanchez has published articles in Physical Therapy; the Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy; the Journal of Physical Therapy Policy, Admin- istration and Leadership; and the American Journal of Public Health. She has also co-authored a guidebook for physical activity and nutrition educa- tion for the older adult with the National Resource Center for Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Aging funded by the Administration on Aging, and authored a book chapter on the impact of exercise on psychiatric disorders and diabetes mellitus. Elizabeth B. Landon, R.D., L.D., is Vice President, Community Services for CareLink, the Central Arkansas Area Agency on Aging, Inc. Programs and services under her management include Client Representation, Family Caregiver, Medicare Part D Assistance, Volunteer Ombudsman, State Older Worker, Senior Companion, Congregate Meals, Meals On Wheels, and Adult Day Care. Ms. Landon is past president (1994–1996) of the Meals On Wheels Association of America (MOWAA) and also served as vice president, treasurer, and regional representative for MOWAA. She is past chair and a current member of the Board of Directors of the MOWAA Research Foundation and a former member of the Blue Ribbon Advisory Council (1991–1995) for the Nutrition Screening Initiative which was composed of health, medical, and aging professionals working together to

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125 APPENDIX B reach agreement on risk factors affecting the health of older Americans. Ms. Landon holds a B.S. degree in general science from the University of Central Arkansas, attended the University of Arkansas in the master degree program in foods and nutrition, and completed an administrative/clinical dietetic internship at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences/ Veterans Administration in Little Rock, Arkansas. Kathryn Larin is an Assistant Director with the Government Accountability Office (GAO) Education, Workforce, and Income Security team, where she oversees work on a broad range of issues affecting low-income workers, families, and children. She has conducted evaluations of a number of fed- eral programs in the areas of economic and nutrition assistance, workforce development, social services, and education. Prior to coming to GAO, Ms. Larin served as a research analyst with the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities’ Income Security Division. She also worked with the Department of Education’s Planning and Evaluation Service and with the U.S. Senate Appropriations Committee. Ms. Larin graduated from Swarthmore College with a B.A. in economics and received a master’s in public affairs from Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School. Jean Lloyd, M.S., has served as the National Nutritionist for the U.S. Administration on Aging in Washington, DC, since 1992. The U.S. Ad- ministration on Aging, within the Department of Health and Human Services, administers the Older Americans Act (OAA), which establishes a comprehensive and coordinated system of community-based supportive and nutrition services to older people, including congregate and home- delivered nutrition services programs. During her time with the agency, she has been responsible and provided input for the nutrition related functions of policy, budget, legislation, and regulation; program development and implementation; training and technical assistance; advocacy; evaluation; and research, demonstration, and training grants. She also represents the agency as a member of the Dietary Reference Intake Steering Committee. Julie L. Locher, Ph.D., M.S.P.H., is an Associate Professor in the Depart- ments of Medicine and Health Care Organization and Policy at the Univer- sity of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). She also serves as Director of the Public Policy and Aging Program at UAB, jointly sponsored by the Center for Aging and the Lister Hill Center for Health Policy. She is a Medical Sociologist and Health Services Researcher. Dr. Locher’s research has been supported consistently by the National Institute on Aging for the past decade. Her primary area of research focuses on social and environmental factors, including community and health care practices and policies that af- fect eating behaviors and nutrition-related health outcomes in older adults.

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126 NUTRITION AND HEALTHY AGING Most of this work has been observational, but is now turning toward inter- ventional research and health services research utilizing large databases. A second and related area of interest focuses on examining practices and policies that affect the overall well-being of older adults and cancer patients and survivors, and identifying ways to best deliver quality care and services, especially that related to nutritional well-being, to these populations over the long term. Robert H. Miller, Ph.D., is Divisional Vice President of Global Research and Development and Scientific Affairs at Abbott Nutrition. He joined Abbott in 1987 and has held several management positions in R&D and Technology Assessment. Dr. Miller left Abbott to join Battelle Memorial Institute as Director of Biotechnology in 2001. He is a member of the Abbott Scientific Governing Board. Dr. Miller earned his bachelor’s degree in biochemistry from the University of Minnesota and his Ph.D. in nutri- tional science from the University of Wisconsin–Madison followed by a staff fellowship at NIH. Bobbie L. Morris works at the Alabama Department of Senior Services in Montgomery, Alabama. She has over 30 years experience in food, nutrition and the continuum of care for older adults. She has worked in care settings that include hospital, home health, nursing home, assisted living and now with the Alabama Elderly Nutrition Program. She assists in monitoring the state meal contract with Valley Food Service by on-site visits to the 350 senior centers and 6 commissaries in the state. Ms. Morris regularly goes into the senior centers where congregate meals are served, and homes of the recipients of door-to-door meal deliveries. She has seen and heard from participants and staff who share about the advantages of receiving prepared meals in congregate settings and at home. In addition to monitor- ing, she also provides nutrition and food safety education to participants, senior center managers, and nutrition coordinators throughout the state. Ms. Morris holds a B.S. degree from the University of Alabama and is a registered, licensed dietitian and a Certified ServSafe instructor. Douglas Paddon-Jones, Ph.D., is Associate Professor in the Department of Physical Therapy, with a joint appointment in the Department of In- ternal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology. He is the General Clinical Research Center Director of Exercise Studies, and a Fellow of the Univer- sity of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) Sealy Center on Aging at UTMB and vice-chair of UTMB’s Institutional Review Board. Dr. Paddon-Jones’ research focuses on mechanisms contributing to skeletal muscle protein synthesis and breakdown and identification of interventions to counteract muscle loss in healthy and clinical populations. He has conducted several

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127 APPENDIX B National Institutes of Health and NASA/National Space Biomedical Re- search Institute supported bed-rest studies, including studies investigating the effects of artificial gravity and amino acid supplementation on muscle protein metabolism. Dr. Paddon-Jones has undergraduate degrees in medi- cal imaging and physiology from the Queensland Institute of Technology and the University of Queensland, a master’s degree in exercise physiology from Ball State University, and a Ph.D. in human movement studies from the University of Queensland. He was the 2006 recipient of the Vernon R. Young International Award for Amino Acid Research. Robert M. Russell, M.D., is Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Nutri- tion at Tufts University. Dr Russell has served on many national and international advisory boards including the USDA Human Investigation Committee (Chairman), the FDA, the US Pharmacopoeia Convention, the National Institutes of Health, the World Health Organization, UNICEF, and the American Board of Internal Medicine. He has worked on inter- national nutrition programs in several countries including Vietnam, Iran, Iraq, Guatemala, China, and the Philippines. Dr. Russell is a member of numerous professional societies, on the editorial boards of five professional journals, a past president of the American Society for Clinical Nutrition, and a former member of the Board of Directors of the American College of Nutrition. He is the immediate Past President of the American Society for Nutrition. Dr. Russell co-edited the last three editions of Present Knowledge in Nutrition and until recently was the Editor-in-Chief of Nutrition Re- views. He is staff physician emeritus at the Tufts University Medical Center. Dr. Russell served as a member of the IOM’s Panels on Folate, Other B Vitamins, and Choline, and as chair of the Panel on Micronutrients. He is former chair of the Food and Nutrition Board and a fellow of the American Society for Nutrition. Dr Russell presently serves as a specialist- advisor to the National Institutes of Health and its BOND project in the United States, as a board member of the Nestle and Fetzer Foundations, and is on the board of trustees of the US Pharmacopeia. He has received numerous national and international awards for his research on retinoids and carotenoids, and has authored over 300 scientific papers and 5 books. Nadine R. Sahyoun, Ph.D., R.D., is Associate Professor of Nutritional Epidemiology at the Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Univer- sity of Maryland in College Park. Her area of work is on the impact of lifestyle factors and physical functioning on dietary intake and nutritional status of older adults, and consequently on chronic disease and mortality. Previously, Dr. Sahyoun served as a Nutritionist at the USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion in Washington, DC, and as a Senior Staff Fellow for the Office of Analysis, Epidemiology and Health Promotion

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128 NUTRITION AND HEALTHY AGING for the National Center for Health Statistics in Hyattsville, Maryland. She has also served as Acting Director of the Nutrition Services Department at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, and as Assistant Director of the Office of Nutrition of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Dr. Sahyoun earned her B.A. from the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and her M.S. in nutrition from the University of Iowa. She received her Ph.D. in nutrition from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, at Tufts University and served as a postdoctoral research fellow with the Association for Teachers in Preventive Medicine Office of Analysis, Epidemiology and Health Promo- tion at the National Center for Health Statistics in Hyattsville, Maryland. Daniel J. Schoeps is the Director, Purchased Long-Term Care Group in the Office of Geriatrics & Extended Care, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. He is the National Program Officer for all long-term care ser- vices purchased by VA. He was the senior staffer and principal writer of “VA Long-Term Care at the Crossroads,” a blueprint for VA’s expansion of home- and community-based services. Mr. Schoeps was awarded the Hubert H. Humphrey Award for Service to America by the Secretary for Health and Human Services, and the Federal Public Service Award by the National PACE Association. Joseph R. Sharkey, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.D., is a Professor in the Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health (SRPH) at The Texas A&M Health Sciences Center in College Station, Texas; Direc- tor of the Texas Healthy Aging Research Network Collaborating Center; Director of the Texas Nutrition and Obesity Policy Research and Evaluation Network Collaborating Center; and Director of the Program for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities at SRPH. Dr. Sharkey is currently Prin- cipal Investigator on three interdisciplinary research programs that examine complex, place-based factors that may either enable or constrain rural and underserved families from achieving and maintaining good nutritional health: (1) “Behavioral and Environmental Influence on Obesity: Rural Con- text & Race/Ethnicity,” which is a 5-year project funded as part of a new NIH/NCMHD-funded Program for Rural and Minority Health Dispari- ties Research at SRPH; (2) Core Research Program (“Working with Rural and Underserved Communities to Promote a Healthy Food Environment”) within the SRPH Center for Community Health Development, a Prevention Research Center; and (3) “Influence of Mobile Food Vendors on Food and Beverage Choices of Low-Income Mexican American Children in Texas Colonias,” funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Healthy Eating Research Program. He also serves as Chair of the SB 343 Healthy Food Advisory Committee, Texas Health and Human Services Commission and Texas De-

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129 APPENDIX B partment of Agriculture. Dr. Sharkey’s main areas of interest include food access and food choice in rural and underserved areas, measurement of household and neighborhood food environments, and nutritional and func- tional assessment. He received his M.P.H. and Ph.D. from the Department of Nutrition at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health. Jennifer L. Troyer, Ph.D., is Associate Professor and Chair of the Depart- ment of Economics at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, where she also holds an Adjunct Associate Professor appointment in the Depart- ment of Public Health Sciences. Dr. Troyer has published extensively in the area of health economics and the economics of aging. Her work includes three papers using data from a multiyear study funded by the Administra- tion on Aging to examine the cost effectiveness of medical nutrition therapy, a form of intensive, specialized nutrition education, and of therapeutically designed meals provided to older adults diagnosed with hyperlipidemia and/ or hypertension. Katherine L. Tucker, Ph.D., is Professor and Chair, Department of Health Sciences, at Northeastern University. Previously she was Senior Scientist and Director of the Dietary Assessment and Epidemiology Research Program at the USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, and Professor and Director of the Nutritional Epidemiology Program for the Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University, where she holds an adjunct appointment. Her research interests include diet and health, nutrition in older adults, dietary methodology, nutritional status of high-risk populations, and nutritional epidemiology. She previously served on the IOM Committee on the Impli- cations of Dioxin in the Food Supply and the IOM Committee to Review Child and Adult Care Food Program Meal Requirements. Dr. Tucker is an Associate Editor for the Journal of Nutrition and is currently the chair of the Nutritional Sciences Council of the American Society for Nutrition. In addition, she is a member of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research and the Gerontological Society of America. Dr. Tucker received her B.Sc. in nutritional sciences from the University of Connecticut and her Ph.D. in nutrition sciences from Cornell University. Elena Volpi, M.D., Ph.D., is a professor of Internal Medicine-Geriatrics and Neuroscience and Cell Biology at the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), the director of the UTMB Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center (OAIC), and the Associate Director of the Institute for Translational Sciences-CTSA. She was nominated a Brookdale National Fellow in the year 2000 and is the principal investigator of the OAIC and

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130 NUTRITION AND HEALTHY AGING two R01 grants, all funded by the NIA. She has published extensively in peer-reviewed journals in the area of muscle function, nutrition, and metab- olism in older adults. Her research program is centered on understanding the mechanisms responsible for the age-related sarcopenia, and preventing sarcopenia, frailty, and functional dependence in older adults. Edwin L. Walker, J.D., is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Program Opera- tions with the AoA within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Ser- vices. He serves as the chief career official for the federal agency responsible for advocating on behalf of older Americans. In this capacity, he guides and promotes the development of home and community-based long-term care programs, policies and services designed to afford older people and their caregivers the ability to age with dignity and independence and to have a broad array of options available for an enhanced quality of life. This includes the promotion and implementation of evidence-based prevention interventions proven effective in avoiding or delaying the onset of chronic disease and illness. A strong and experienced advocate for older persons, he has served as the primary liaison with Congress on legislation related to aging services and programs. For more than 25 years, he has been charac- terized as a consummate professional civil servant who can be relied upon to represent the best interests of our nation’s senior citizens. Prior to join- ing the AoA, Mr. Walker served as the Director of the Missouri Division of Aging, responsible for administering a comprehensive set of human service programs for older persons and adults with disabilities. He received a J.D. from the University of Missouri-Columbia School of Law and a B.A. in mass media arts from Hampton University. Elizabeth A. Walker, Ph.D., R.N., is a Professor of Medicine and Professor of Epidemiology & Population Health, and the director of the Prevention and Control Core for the NIH-funded Diabetes Research Center (DRC) at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York. Dr. Walker is principal investigator of a large NIH-funded behavioral intervention study in minority diabetes populations, using telephonic interventions in Spanish and English to promote medication adherence and other self-management behaviors. She is also PI of a research-capacity-building NIH grant with South Bronx community health centers. Since 1995, she has been a behav- ioral scientist and co-investigator for the multicenter Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and Outcomes Study, and she co-chairs the DPP Medica- tion Adherence Committee. Through the Prevention and Control Core of the DRC she provides or facilitates various intervention and evaluation services to multiple health disparities projects in the community. Elizabeth is a diabetes nurse specialist and has been a certified diabetes educator (CDE) since 1986. In 2000, she served as the national President, Health

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131 APPENDIX B Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association. She is a Fellow of the American Association of Diabetes Educators (FAADE). Dr. Walker is a behavioral scientist with the Einstein Diabetes Global Health team for Uganda in East Africa. Nancy S. Wellman, Ph.D., is an affiliated faculty member at Tufts Univer- sity’s Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy. She recently retired as the Professor of Dietetics and Nutrition in the School of Public Health at Florida International University, the public research university in Miami. She is the former director of the National Resource Center on Nutri- tion, Physical Activity and Aging. Dr. Wellman is a past President of the American Dietetic Association and has been a member of committees for the National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine. She cur- rently serves as Chair of the Board of Directors for the International Food Information Council Foundation, is a member of the American Society for Nutrition (ASN) Public Information Committee and is an ASN national spokesperson. James P. Ziliak, Ph.D., holds the Carol Martin Gatton Endowed Chair in Microeconomics in the Department of Economics and is Founding Direc- tor of the Center for Poverty Research at the University of Kentucky. He served as assistant and associate professor of economics at the University of Oregon, and has held visiting positions at the Brookings Institution, Univer- sity College London, University of Michigan, and University of Wisconsin. His research expertise is in the areas of labor economics, poverty, food insecurity, and tax and transfer policy. Recent projects include an examina- tion of the causes and consequences of hunger among older Americans; a study of trends in earnings and income volatility in the United States; the effects of welfare reform on earnings of single mothers; regional wage dif- ferentials across the earnings distribution; and the geographic distribution of poverty under alternative poverty measures. He is editor of the books Welfare Reform and its Long Term Consequences for America’s Poor published by Cambridge University Press (2009) and Appalachian Legacy: Economic Opportunity after the War on Poverty published by Brookings Institution Press (2012).

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