bly, through the naming of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office (NNCO) Coordinator for EHS, the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) has vested leadership and a measure of accountability for EHS research. This NNCO EHS coordinator is charged with leading efforts to integrate nanotechnology EHS research, to identify and leverage domestic and international collaborations, and to serve as the NNI point of contact for stakeholders on nanotechnology EHS issues (NEHI 2010). The Nanotechnology Environmental Health Implications (NEHI) working group (NEHI 2010) also calls on NNI agencies to explore and exploit new media and networking opportunities to improve interagency communication and stakeholder interaction, to develop new mechanisms for NNI agencies to partner with industry, to facilitate “development of joint programs among NNI agencies to fund EHS research of mutual interest and avoid unproductive redundancy” (p. 78), to expand work in data storage and management, and to “develop and maintain data communication infrastructures and organization” (p.79).
The committee lays out below implementation needs of two major kinds: institutional arrangements and informatics and information-sharing. The discussion includes models and means to address the key needs and provide accountability to the broader community of stakeholders.
As noted earlier, to ensure successful implementation of a research strategy, accountability must be integral to the strategy’s development and execution. There are numerous dimensions of accountability:
• Ensuring and assigning ownership of the overall strategy.
• Establishing appropriate means of governance among parties implementing the strategy.
• Establishing and applying mechanisms for accomplishing exploratory, translational, and targeted research in the context of the strategy, including an appropriate balance between government and private-sector funding and facilitating needed or desired interdisciplinary research.
• Assigning responsibility for executing elements of the strategy.
• Ensuring that stakeholders are involved in and have substantive input into formulating and reviewing the strategy.
• Monitoring progress in comparison with elaborated research goals and timelines to ensure that the strategy is conducted effectively and efficiently and to ensure that responsible parties are held accountable for the extent of research progress.
• Coordinating periodic review and revisions to the strategy.
• Ensuring that sufficient resources are devoted to conducting the needed research and to implementing the overall strategy and allocating and managing the resources.