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Appendix A Biographic Information on the Committee to Develop A Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials Jonathan M. Samet (Chair) is a pulmonary physician and epidemiologist. He is a professor and Flora L. Thornton Chair of the Department of Preventive Medi- cine of the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) and director of the USC Institute for Global Health. Dr. Samet’s research has focused on the health risks posed by inhaled pollutants. He has served on numerous committees concerned with public health: the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board; committees of the National Re- search Council, including chairing the Committee on Biological Effects of Ion- izing Radiation VI, the Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particu- late Matter, and the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology; and committees of the Institute of Medicine (IOM). He is a member of IOM and of the Committee on Science, Technology, and Law. Dr. Samet received his MD from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. Tina Bahadori is the National Program Director for Chemical Safety and Sus- tainability at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Before joining EPA in May 2012, she was the managing director of the Long-Range Research Initiative program of the American Chemistry Council. Dr. Bahadori is the past president of the International Society of Exposure Science and is an associate editor of the Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. She has served as a member of several committees of the National Academies, as a peer reviewer for EPA grants and programs, as a member of the Exposure to Chemical Agents Working Group for the National Children’s Study, and as a 193
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194 Appendix A Study, and as a member of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Environmental Health-Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry National Conversation on Public Health and Chemical Expo- sure Leadership Council. Before joining the ACC, she was the manager of Air Quality Health Integrated Programs of the Electric Power Research Institute. Dr. Bahadori holds a doctorate in environmental science and engineering from the Harvard School of Public Health. Jurron Bradley joined BASF as a clean energy market manager in June 2011. In this role, he is responsible for creating BASF’s first market facing-unit for the clean energy industry. Before joining BASF, Jurron led the consulting team at Lux Research, which provides clients with strategic advice on technology, in- cluding nanotechnology, and market trends and themes. Before joining Lux Re- search, Dr. Bradley worked at Praxair, Inc., where he designed air separation and argon recycling plants and managed a thermodynamics laboratory. He also led research efforts to reduce mercury emissions from coal-fired boilers and worked on the development of technology to reduce emissions of nitrogen ox- ides from coal-fired boilers. Dr. Bradley later joined Praxair’s technology plan- ning and strategy group in which he played a key role in developing strategic approaches for the entire research and development organization. Dr. Bradley received a PhD in chemical engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technol- ogy. Seth Coe-Sullivan is a cofounder and chief technology officer of QD Vision. His work spans quantum dot materials; new fabrication techniques, including thin-film deposition equipment design; and device architectures for efficient QD-LED light emission. Dr. Coe-Sullivan has more than 20 papers and patents pending in the fields of organic light-emitting devices, quantum dot LEDs, and nanotechnology fabrication. He was awarded Technology Review magazine’s TR35 Award in 2006 as one of the top 35 innovators under the age of 35 years. In 2007, BusinessWeek named him one of the top young entrepreneurs under the age of 30 years, and in 2009, he was a finalist for the Mass Technology Leader- ship Council’s CTO of the year. Dr. Coe-Sullivan serves on Brown University’s Engineering Advisory Council. He received his PhD in electrical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; his thesis work on incorporat- ing quantum dots into hybrid organic-inorganic LED structures led to the forma- tion of QD Vision. Vicki L. Colvin is vice provost for research, professor of chemistry, and direc- tor of the Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology (CBEN) at Rice University. Among CBEN’s primary interests is the application of nanotechnology to the environment. She has received numerous accolades for her teaching abilities, including Phi Beta Kappa’s Teaching Prize for 1998-1999 and the Camille Dreyfus Teacher Scholar Award in 2002. In 2002, she was also named one of Discover magazine’s Top 20 Scientists to Watch and received an
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Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials 195 Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship. In 2007, she was named a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Dr. Colvin is a frequent contributor to Advanced Materials, Physical Review Letters, and other peer- reviewed journals and holds patents to seven inventions. Dr. Colvin served on the NRC Committee for Review of the Federal Strategy to Address Environ- mental, Health, and Safety Research Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials. She received her PhD in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley, where she was awarded the American Chemical Society’s Victor K. LaMer Award for her work in colloid and surface chemistry. Edward D. Crandall is the Hastings Professor and Kenneth T. Norris, Jr. Chair of Medicine and chair of the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine of the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. Dr. Crandall’s clinical interests include critical-care medicine and pulmonary dis- ease. He has written numerous peer-reviewed articles on cardiopulmonary biol- ogy. His specific research interests are in the regulation of the differentiation and transport properties of alveolar epithelial cells. He is actively involved in research on the interactions of nanomaterials with alveolar epithelium. Dr. Crandall received his PhD from Northwestern University and his MD from the University of Pennsylvania. Richard A. Denison is a senior scientist at the Environmental Defense Fund. Dr. Denison has 27 years of experience in the environmental arena, specializing in chemical policy and hazards, exposure, and risk assessment and management of industrial chemicals and nanomaterials. He is a member of the National Re- search Council Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology and serves on the Green Ribbon Science Panel for California’s Green Chemistry Initiative. Dr. Denison was a member of the National Pollution Prevention and Toxics Advi- sory Committee, which advised the Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics. Previously, Dr. Denison was an analyst and assistant project director in the Oceans and Environment Program of the Office of Technology Assessment of the U.S. Congress. Dr. Denison received his PhD in molecular biophysics and biochemistry from Yale University. William H. Farland is the senior vice president for research of Colorado State University and a professor in its Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences in the School of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. In 2006, Dr. Farland was appointed deputy assistant administrator for science in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Research and Develop- ment (ORD). He had served as the acting deputy assistant administrator since 2001. In 2003, Dr. Farland has also been chief scientist in the Office of the Agency Science Adviser. He served as EPA’s acting science adviser throughout 2005. Formerly, he was the director of ORD National Center for Environmental Assessment. Dr. Farland served on a number of executive-level committees and advisory boards in the federal government. In 2005-2006, he chaired the Execu-
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196 Appendix A tive Committee of the National Toxicology Program. He was also a member of the Scientific Advisory Council of the Risk Sciences and Public Policy Institute of the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, a public member of the American Chemistry Council’s Strategic Science Team for its Long-Range Research Initiative, and a member of the Programme Advisory Committee for the World Health Organization’s International Programme on Chemical Safety. Dr. Farland recently served as chair of an external advisory group for the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences regarding the future of the Superfund Basic Research Program. He is the chair of a standing Committee on Emerging Science for Environmental Health Decisions of the National Research Council. In 2002, Dr. Farland was recognized by the Society for Risk Analysis with the Outstanding Risk Practitioner Award, and in 2005, he was named a fellow of the society. In 2006, he received a Presidential Rank Award for his service as a federal senior executive. In 2007, he was elected a fellow of the Academy of Toxicological Sciences. Dr. Farland received his PhD from the University of California, Los Angeles in cell biology and biochemistry. Martin Fritts is a senior principal scientist who supported the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory and SAIC-Frederick in accelerating the transition of nanotechnology to cancer and biomedical applications. He is also a computa- tional and experimental physicist who works on the implementation of advanced imaging and measurement instrumentation, modeling, and simulation to eluci- date the structure-activity relationships of nanomaterials and informatics sys- tems to advance knowledge-sharing. Dr. Fritts serves as the cochair of the American Society for Testing and Materials E56.02 Subcommittee on Nano- technology Characterization. Before joining SAIC-Frederick, he developed and prototyped nanotechnology applications for industry and government through SAIC’s Nanotechnology Initiatives Division. He earned a PhD in nuclear phys- ics from Yale University. Philip K. Hopke is the Bayard D. Clarkson Distinguished Professor in the De- partment of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and the Department of Chemistry of Clarkson University. He is also director of the university’s Center for the Environment and its Center for Air Resources Engineering and Sciences. His research interests are related primarily to particles in the air, including parti- cle formation, sampling and analysis, composition, and origin. His current pro- jects are related to receptor modeling, ambient monitoring, and nucleation. Dr. Hopke has been elected to membership in the International Statistics Institute and is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is also a fellow of the American Association for Aerosol Research, in which he has served in various roles, including president, vice president, and member of the board of directors. Dr. Hopke is a member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the International Society of Exposure Science, and the In- ternational Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate, and others. He has served as a member of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Advisory Council on
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Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials 197 Clean Air Act Compliance Analysis and as a member of several National Re- search Council committees, most recently the Committee on Energy Futures and Air Pollution in Urban China and the United States, the Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter, and the Committee on Air Quality Management in the United States. Dr. Hopke received his PhD in chemistry from Princeton University. James E. Hutchison is the Lokey-Harrington Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oregon. He is the founding director of the Oregon Nanoscience and Microtechnologies Institute for Safer Nanomaterials and Nanomanufactur- ing Initiative, a virtual center that unites 30 principal investigators in the North- west around the goals of designing greener nanomaterials and nanomanufactur- ing. Dr. Hutchison’s research focuses on molecular-level design and synthesis of functional surface coatings and nanomaterials for a wide array of applications, in which the design of new processes and materials draws heavily on the principles of green chemistry. Dr. Hutchison received several awards and honors, includ- ing the Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship and the National Science Founda- tion CAREER Award. He was a member of the National Research Council Committee on Grand Challenges for Sustainability in the Chemistry Industry. Dr. Hutchison received his PhD in organic chemistry from Stanford University. Rebecca D. Klaper is an associate professor in the School of Freshwater Sci- ences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The School of Freshwater Sciences (at the Great Lakes WATER Institute) is dedicated to providing basic and ap- plied research to inform policy decisions involving freshwater resources. Dr. Klaper uses traditional toxicologic methods and genomic technologies to study the potential effects of emerging contaminants, such as nanoparticles and phar- maceuticals, on aquatic organisms. Dr. Klaper received an American Associa- tion for the Advancement of Science Science and Technology Policy Fellow- ship, in which she worked in the National Center for Environmental Assessment at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). She has served as an invited scientific expert to both the U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative and the Organisation for Economic and Co-operative Development Panel on Nanotech- nology, for which she has testified on the potential effects of nanoparticles on the environment and the utility of current testing strategies. She has served as a technical expert in reviewing the EPA white paper on the environmental effects of nanotechnologies and the EPA research strategy for nanotechnology. She also was involved in writing the EPA white paper on the use of genomic technolo- gies in risk assessment. Dr. Klaper received her PhD in ecology from the Insti- tute of Ecology of the University of Georgia. Gregory V. Lowry is a professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering of Carnegie Mellon University and deputy director of the National Science Foundation Center for Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology. He researches sustainable development of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies,
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198 Appendix A including the fate, mobility, and toxicity of nanomaterials in the environment, remediation and treatment technologies that use nanomaterials, and nanoparti- cle-contaminant and biota interactions. He also works on sustainable energy via carbon capture and storage. His current projects include elucidating the role of adsorbed macromolecules on nanoparticle transport and fate in the environment, in situ sediment management with innovative sediment caps, dense nonaqueous- phase liquid source zone remediation through delivery of reactive nanoparticles to the nonaqueous-phase-water interface, and carbon dioxide capture, sequestra- tion, and monitoring. Dr. Lowry served as an external advisory board member for the Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology. He was a re- view panelist for the Environmental Protection Agency draft nanomaterial re- search strategy. He is a member of the American Chemical Society, the Ameri- can Society of Civil Engineers, and the Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors. He received his PhD in civil-environmental engineering from Stanford University. Andrew D. Maynard is the director of the Risk Science Center of the Univer- sity of Michigan School of Public Health. He previously served as the chief sci- ence adviser in the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars for the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies. Dr. Maynard’s research interests re- volve around aerosol characterization, the implications of nanotechnology for human health and the environment, and managing the challenges and opportuni- ties of emerging technologies. Dr. Maynard’s expertise covers many facets of risk science, emerging technologies, science policy, and communication. Previ- ously, he worked for the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and represented the agency on the Nanomaterial Science, Engineering and Technology (NSET) subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council and cochaired the Nanotechnology Health and Environment Implica- tions working group of NSET. He serves on the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on Emerging Technologies and is a member of the Executive Committee of the International Council on Nanotechnology. He previously chaired the International Standards Organization Working Group on size- selective sampling in the workplace. Dr. Maynard served as a member of the NRC Committee for Review of the Federal Strategy to Address Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials. He earned his PhD in aerosol physics from the Cavendish Laboratory of the Univer- sity of Cambridge, UK. Günter Oberdörster is a professor in the Department of Environmental Medi- cine of the University of Rochester, director of the University of Rochester Ul- trafine Particle Center, principal investigator of a Multidisciplinary Research Initiative in Nanotoxicology, and head of the Pulmonary Core of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Center Grant. His research includes the effects and underlying mechanisms of lung injury induced by inhaled nonfi- brous and fibrous particles, including extrapolation modeling and risk assess-
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Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials 199 ment. His studies with ultrafine particles influenced the field of inhalation toxi- cology, raising awareness of the unique biokinetics and toxic potential of nano- sized particles. He has served on many national and international committees and is the recipient of several scientific awards. Dr. Oberdörster has served on several National Research Council committees, including the Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter and the Committee on the Review of the Federal Strategy to Address Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials. He is on the editorial boards of the Journal of Aerosol Medicine, Particle and Fibre Toxicology, Nanotoxicology, and the International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health and is associate editor of Inhalation Toxicology and Environmental Health Perspectives. He earned his DVM and PhD (in pharmacology) from the University of Giessen, Germany. Kathleen M. Rest is the executive director of the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), a science-based nonprofit. She manages the organization’s day-to-day affairs, supervising programs on issues ranging from climate change and clean energy to global security. Dr. Rest came to UCS from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where she was the deputy director for programs. Throughout her tenure at NIOSH, she held several leadership positions, including serving as the institute’s acting director during the period of September 11, 2001, and the an- thrax events that followed. Before her federal service, Dr. Rest served on the faculty of several medical schools—most recently as an associate professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine of the University of Mas- sachusetts Medical Center and an adjunct associate professor in the University of Massachusetts School of Public Health—where she taught occupational, envi- ronmental, and public health. She has extensive experience as a researcher and adviser on occupational and environmental health issues in various countries, such as the Netherlands, Slovakia, Poland, Romania, Canada, and Greece. Dr. Rest was a founding member of the Association of Occupational and Environ- mental Clinics, a national nonprofit organization committed to improving the practice of occupational and environmental health through information-sharing and collaborative research. She also served as the chairperson of the National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health. Dr. Rest earned her PhD in health policy from Boston University. Mark J. Utell is a professor of medicine and environmental medicine, a director of occupational and environmental medicine, and former director of pulmonary and critical-care Medicine in the University of Rochester Medical Center. He serves as associate chairman of the Department of Environmental Medicine. His research interests have centered on the effects of environmental toxicants on the human respiratory tract. Dr. Utell has published extensively on the health effects of inhaled gases, particles, and fibers in the workplace and other indoor and out- door environments. He is the co-principal investigator of an Environmental Pro-
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200 Appendix A tection Agency (EPA) Particulate Matter Center and chair of the Health Effects Institute’s Research Committee. He has served as chair of EPA’s Environmental Health Committee and on the Executive Committee of the EPA Science Advi- sory Board. He is a former recipient of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Academic Award in Environmental and Occupational Medi- cine. Dr. Utell is currently a member of the National Research Council’s Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. He previously served on the National Research Council Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Committee to Review the Health Con- sequences of Service during the Persian Gulf War, and the IOM Committee on Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures. He received his MD from Tufts University School of Medicine. David B. Warheit received his PhD in physiology from Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit. Later, he received a National Institutes of Health (NIH) postdoctoral fellowship, and 2 years later, a Parker Francis Pulmonary Fellowship, both of which he took to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences to study mechanisms of asbestos-related lung disease with Ar- nold Brody. In 1984, he moved to the DuPont Haskell Laboratory to develop a pulmonary-toxicology research laboratory. His major research interests are pul- monary toxicity mechanisms and corresponding risks related to inhaled parti- cles, fibers, and nanomaterials. He is the author or coauthor of more than 100 publications and has been the recipient of the International Life Sciences Insti- tute (ILSI) Kenneth Morgareidge Award (1993, Hannover, Germany) for contri- butions in toxicology by a young investigator and the Robert A. Scala Award and Lectureship in Toxicology (2000). He has also attained diplomate status of the Academy of Toxicological Sciences (2000) and the American Board of Toxicology (1988). He has served on NIH review committees (NIH Small Busi- ness Innovation Research and NIH Bioengineering) and has participated in working groups of the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the Euro- pean Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the ILSI Risk Science Institute, the ILSI Health and Environmental Sciences Institute, and the National Research Council. He has served on several journal editorial boards, including Inhalation Toxicology and Toxicological Sciences (as the current associate editor), Particle and Fibre Toxicology, Toxicology Letters, and Nano Letters. He is the chairman of the European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals Task Force on Health and Environmental Safety of Nanomaterials, serves on the Na- tional Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Board of Scientific Counsel- ors, and is interim vice-president of the Nanotoxicology Specialty Section. Mark R. Wiesner serves as director of the Center for the Environmental Impli- cations of Nanotechnology, headquartered at Duke University, where he holds the James L. Meriam Chair in Civil and Environmental Engineering with ap- pointments in the Pratt School of Engineering and the Nicholas School of Envi-
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Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials 201 ronment. Dr. Wiesner’s research has focused on the applications of emerging nanomaterials to membrane science and water treatment and an examination of the fate, transport, and effects of nanomaterials in the environment. He was co- editor and author of Environmental Nanotechnologies and serves as associate editor of the journals Nanotoxicology and Environmental Engineering Science. Before joining the Duke University faculty in 2006, Dr.Wiesner was a member of the Rice University faculty for 18 years, where he held appointments in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the Department of Chemical Engineering and served as associate dean of engineering and director of the Environmental and Energy Systems Institute. Before working in academe, Dr. Wiesner was a research engineer with the French company Lyonnaise des Eaux, in Le Pecq, France, and a principal engineer with the environmental engi- neering consulting firm of Malcolm Pirnie, Inc., White Plains, NY. He received the1995 Rudolf Hering Medal from the American Society of Civil Engineers, of which he is a fellow, and the 2004 Frontiers in Research Award from the Asso- ciation of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors, on whose board he serves. In 2004, Dr. Wiesner was also named a de Fermat Laureate and was awarded an International Chair of Excellence in the Chemical Engineering Laboratory of the French Polytechnic Institute and National Institute for Applied Sciences in Toulouse, France. He received his PhD in environmental engineer- ing from the Johns Hopkins University.