Guinee, J.B., R. Heijungs, G. Huppes, A. Zamagni, P. Masoni, R. Buonamici, T. Ekvall, and T. Rydberg. 2010. Life cycle assessment: Past, present, future. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45(1):90-96.

Han, J.H., E.J. Lee, J.H. Lee, K.P. So, Y.H. Lee, G.N. Bae, S.B. Lee, J.H. Ji, M.H. Cho, and I.J. Yu. 2008. Monitoring multiwalled carbon nanotube exposure in carbon nanotube research facility. Inhal. Toxicol. 20(8):741-749.

ISO (International Organization for Standardization). 1997. Environmental Management-Life Assessment-Principles and Framework. ISO 14040. International Organization for Standardization, Switzerland.

Matthews, H.S., L. Lave, and H. MacLean. 2002. Life cycle impact assessment: A challenge for risk analysis. Risk Anal. 22(5):853-859.

Maynard, A.D. 2011. Don’t define nanomaterials. Nature. 475(7354):31.

Maynard, A.D., P.A. Baron, M. Foley, A.A. Shvedova, E.R. Kisin and V. Castranova. 2004. Exposure to carbon nanotube material: Aerosol release during the handling of unrefined single-walled carbon nanotube material. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 67(1):87-107.

Maynard, A.D., D. Bowman, and G. Hodge. 2011a. The problem of regulating sophisticated materials. Nat. Mater. 10(8):554-557.

Maynard, A.D., D.B. Warheit, and M.A. Philbert. 2011b. The new toxicology of sophisticated materials: Nanotoxicology and beyond. Toxicol. Sci. 120(Suppl. 1):S109-S129.

NRC (National Research Council). 1983. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 2009. Science and Decisions: Advancing Risk Assessment. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

NSET (Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee). 2010a. FAQs: Nanotechnology. National Nanotechnology Initiative. Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee [online]. Available: http://www.nano.gov/nanotech-101/nanotechnology-facts [accessed July 13, 2011].

NSET (Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee). 2010b. Sustainable Nanomanufacturing-Creating the Industries of the Future, Final Draft, July 2010. NSTC Committee on Technology. Subcommittee on Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology [online]. Available: http://www.nano.gov/sites/default/files/pub_resource/nni_siginit_sustainable_mfr_revised_nov_2011.pdf [accessed Nov. 3, 2011].

Plata, D.L., P.M. Gschwend, and C.M. Reddy. 2008. Industrially synthesized single-walled carbon nanotubes: Compositional data for users, environmental risk assessments, and source apportionment. Nanotechnology. 19(18):185706.

Robichaud, C.O., D. Tanzil, U. Weilenmann, and M.R. Wiesner. 2005. Relative risk analysis of several manufactured nanomaterials: An insurance industry context. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39(22):8985-8994.

Robichaud, C.O., A.E. Uyar, M.R. Darby, L.G. Zucker, and M.R. Wiesner. 2009. Estimates of upper bounds and trends in nano-TiO2 production as a basis for exposure assessment. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43(12):4227-4233.

Schmidt, I., M. Meurer, P. Saling, A. Kicherer, W. Reuter, and C.O. Gensch. 2005. SEE- balance®: Managing sustainability products and processes with the Socio-Eco-Efficiency Analysis by BASF. Greener Management International. 45(July):79-94.

Shatkin, J.A. 2008. Informing environmental decision making by combining life cycle assessment and risk analysis. J. Ind. Ecol. 12(3):278-281.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement