A


Acronyms

AARP American Association of Retired Persons
ACS American Cancer Society
ACS American College of Surgeons
AHEAD Action for HEAlth in Diabetes
ALDH aldehyde dehydrogenase
AMP adenosine monophosphate
ASCO American Society of Clinical Oncology
ATAC Arimidex, Tamoxifen, Alone or in Combination trial
 
BMI body mass index
 
CHALLENGE Colon Health and Life-Long Exercise Change
CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
CRP C-reactive protein
CWLS Collaborative Women’s Longevity Study
CXCL chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand
CXCR chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor
 
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DPP diabetes prevention program
 
EGF epidermal growth factor


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OCR for page 81
A Acronyms AARP American Association of Retired Persons ACS American Cancer Society ACS American College of Surgeons AHEAD Action for HEAlth in Diabetes ALDH aldehyde dehydrogenase AMP adenosine monophosphate ASCO American Society of Clinical Oncology ATAC Arimidex, Tamoxifen, Alone or in Combination trial BMI body mass index CHALLENGE Colon Health and Life-Long Exercise Change CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services CRP C-reactive protein CWLS Collaborative Women’s Longevity Study CXCL chemokine (C-X-C motif ) ligand CXCR chemokine (C-X-C motif ) receptor DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DPP diabetes prevention program EGF epidermal growth factor 81

OCR for page 81
82 THE ROLE OF OBESITY IN CANCER EMT epithelial-mesenchymal transition ER estrogen receptor ERK extracellular-signal-regulated kinase FDA Food and Drug Administration FFA free fatty acid GP glycoprotein HEAL Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle study IGF insulin-like growth factor IL interleukin IOM Institute of Medicine IRS insulin receptor substrate JAK Janus kinase LIF leukemia inhibitory factor MAC macrophages MCP monocyte chemotactic protein MI myocardial infarction mTOR mammalian target of rapamycin NCI National Cancer Institute NCPF National Cancer Policy Forum NF-kB nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells NHS Nurses’ Health Study NIH National Institutes of Health PAI plasminogen activator inhibitor PGE prostaglandin PI3K phosphoinositide 3-kinase PR progesterone receptor PSA prostate specific antigen PTEN phosphatase and tensin homolog

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83 APPENDIX A REAP Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment for Patients RMR resting metabolic rate ROS reactive oxygen species SHBG sex hormone binding globulin STAT signal transducer and activator of transcription TEE total energy expenditure TEF thermic effect of food TG triglycerides TGFb transforming growth factor b TNF tumor necrosis factor TPA tumor promoting agent TREC Transdisciplinary Research on Energetics and Cancer TSC tuberous sclerosis protein USPSTF U.S. Preventative Services Task Force VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor WCRF World Cancer Research Fund WHEL Women’s Healthy Eating and Living study WHO World Health Organization WINS Women’s Intervention Nutrition Study

OCR for page 81