EMT epithelial-mesenchymal transition
ER estrogen receptor
ERK extracellular-signal-regulated kinase
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FFA free fatty acid
GP glycoprotein
HEAL Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle study
IGF insulin-like growth factor
IL interleukin
IOM Institute of Medicine
IRS insulin receptor substrate
JAK Janus kinase
LIF leukemia inhibitory factor
MAC macrophages
MCP monocyte chemotactic protein
MI myocardial infarction
mTOR mammalian target of rapamycin
NCI National Cancer Institute
NCPF National Cancer Policy Forum
NF-kB nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells
NHS Nurses’ Health Study
NIH National Institutes of Health
PAI plasminogen activator inhibitor
PGE prostaglandin
PI3K phosphoinositide 3-kinase
PR progesterone receptor
PSA prostate specific antigen
PTEN phosphatase and tensin homolog

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