is required. She said she believes that the priorities include addressing child trafficking, pornography, and prostitution. Speaker and Forum member XinQi Dong of the Rush Institute for Healthy Aging works with the elderly, where the most vulnerable to abuse are cognitively or physically impaired, socially isolated, and have mental health problems, and he stressed the need to adapt technology so that these vulnerable people can access and use it.

Forum co-chair Jacquelyn Campbell of Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing brought up the challenge of making not only phones but also the ongoing cost of phone minutes affordable for poor women. Ms. Moloney-Kitts said it does not have to be one phone per person. Phones can be shared by communities, or individuals can rent their phones by the minute to others.

Health professionals also need to know how to develop a business plan and to negotiate with mobile operators for lowered costs. Dr. Ranck said there has been a lot of recent work in the mHealth field on negotiating deals with operators for uses that could be free or subsidized. At InSTEDD a guide for NGOs on setting up such deals with operators was being developed.

BOX 3-1
Key Messages Raised by Individual Speakers

•   There is a need for an evidence base concerning the effectiveness of new technologies for violence prevention.

•   The speed with which new technologies are evolving renders traditional evaluation methodologies infeasible. However, the new technologies may actually help with both the collection in real time of large sets of data and the analysis of those sets of data.

•   Privacy issues have arisen because of the data collection capabilities and the computing power of the new information and communications technologies.

•   Open-source platforms and crowdsourcing provide a means for the audience to become part of the solution to problems more quickly and less expensively than traditional “expert only” problem solving.

•   The growing community of “citizen scientists” and their efforts may foreshadow future trajectories for open data systems.

•   Scaling up can occur in several ways: through policies made by governments, through adoption of innovations by large institutions, and through social media raising the profile of an issue.

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