TABLE I.1 Technology Area Breakdown Structure for TA06, Human Health, Life Support, and Habitation Systems

NASA Draft Roadmap (Revision 10) Steering Committee-Recommended Changes
TA06 Human Health, Life Support, and Habitation Systems One technology has been renamed.

6.1.     Environmental Control and Life Support Systems and Habitation Systems


6.1.1.    Air Revitalization


6.1.2.    Water Recovery and Management


6.1.3.    Waste Management


6.1.4.    Habitation


6.2.     Extravehicular Activity Systems


6.2.1.    Pressure Garment


6.2.2.    Portable Life Support System


6.2.3.    Power, Avionics and Software


6.3.     Human Health and Performance


6.3.1.    Medical Diagnosis/Prognosis


6.3.2.    Long-Duration Health


6.3.3.    Behavioral Health and Performance


6.3.4.    Human Factors and Performance


6.4.     Environmental Monitoring, Safety and Emergency Response


6.4.1.    Sensors: Air, Water, Microbial, etc.


6.4.2.    Fire: Detection, Suppression


6.4.3.    Protective Clothing/Breathing


6.4.4.    Remediation


6.5.     Radiation


6.5.1.    Risk Assessment Modeling


6.5.2.    Radiation Mitigation


6.5.3.    Protection Systems


6.5.4.    Space Weather Prediction

Rename: 6.5.4. Radiation Prediction

6.5.5.    Monitoring Technology


Prior to prioritizing the level 3 technologies included in TA07, several technologies were renamed, deleted, or added. The changes are briefly explained below and illustrated in Table J.1. The complete, revised TABS for all 14 Tas is shown in Appendix B.

It was the consensus of the panel that technology topic 6.5.4., Space Weather, be removed from this roadmap and possibly identified as a separate interagency roadmap (for example, including NASA, NOAA, NSF, and DOD) outside the scope of Panel 4 and NASA. Level 3, 6.5.4, was then restructured and renamed “Human Radiation Prediction.” As described in the roadmap, this technology is focused on monitoring, modeling, and predicting ionizing radiation from solar particle events (SPEs) and galactic cosmic radiation (GCR). This radiation is a subset of space weather, which includes many other phenomena. The new name better describes the limited scope of this technology as applied to this roadmap.


The panel identified five top technical challenges for TA06, listed below in priority order.

1. Space Radiation Effects on Humans: Improve the understanding of space radiation effects on humans and develop radiation protection technologies to enable long-duration human missions.

Missions beyond low Earth orbit (LEO) present an expanded set of human health hazards. Lifetime radiation exposure is already a limiting flight assignment factor for career astronauts on the International Space Station

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