exploration will require prior robotic mapping missions as well as in situ data collection such as was performed with the Moon before human lunar surface missions were conducted during the Apollo Program (e.g., Lunar Orbiter 1, Surveyor 1, 3, 5, 6, and 7). Successful ISRU technologies will depend upon the return of in situ samples to Earth for chemical analyses and subsequent development of processing equipment. For example, the approximately 722 pounds of lunar rocks and regolith returned to Earth during the Apollo missions has provided the basis for research involving the processing of regolith into structural and radiation protection materials. Similar materials research is required to develop the processes for water and oxygen extraction.

Prior to prioritizing the level 3 technologies included in TA07, several technologies were renamed, deleted, or added. The changes are briefly explained below and illustrated in Table J.1. The complete, revised TABS for all 14 Tas is shown in Appendix B.

Technology 7.2.1, Logistics Systems, has been renamed Autonomous Logistics Management to more fully include all elements of inventory and stowage control and to encourage development of technologies needed for autonomous capabilities that would ideally begin at the inception of a project and include all supporting vendors and suppliers.

TABLE J.1 Technology Area Breakdown Structure for TA07, Human Exploration Destination Systems

NASA Draft Roadmap (Revision 10) Steering Committee-Recommended Changes
TA07 Human Exploration Destination Systems A number of technologies have been added, deleted, and renamed.
   

7.1.     In Situ Resource Utilization

 

7.1.1.    Destination Reconnaissance, Prospecting, & Mapping

 

7.1.2.    Resource Acquisition

 

7.1.3.    Consumables Production

Rename: 7.1.3 ISRU Products/Production

7.1.4.    Manufacturing & Infrastructure Emplacement

 

7.2.     Sustainability & Supportability

 

7.2.1.    Logistics Systems

Rename: 7.2.1 Autonomous Logistics Management

7.2.2.    Maintenance Systems

 

7.2.3.    Repair Systems

 
  Add: 7.2.4 Food Production, Processing and Preservation (formerly a level 4 item under 7.2.1)

7.3.     Advanced Human Mobility Systems

 

7.3.1.    Extravehicular Activity (EVA) Mobility

 

7.3.2.    Surface Mobility

 

7.3.3.    Off-Surface Mobility

 

7.4.     Advanced Habitat Systems

 

7.4.1.    Integrated Habitat Systems

 

7.4.2.    Habitat Evolution

 
  Add: 7.4.3 Smart Habitats (formerly a level 4 item under 7.4.1)

7.5.     Mission Operations & Safety

 

7.5.1.    Crew Training

 

7.5.2.    Environmental Protection

Delete: 7.5.2 Environmental Protection

7.5.3.    Remote Mission Operations

Delete: 7.5.3 Remote Mission Operations

7.5.4.    Planetary Safety

Delete: 7.5.4 Planetary Safety
  Add: 7.5.5 Integrated Flight Operations Systems
  Add: 7.5.6 Integrated Risk Assessment Tools

7.6.     Crosscutting Systems

 

7.6.1.    Modeling, Simulations & Destination Characterization

Delete: 7.6.1 Modeling, Simulations, and Destination Characterization

7.6.2.    Construction & Assembly

 

7.6.3.    Dust Prevention & Mitigation

 


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