in the roadmap. The TA07 team answered no, as they were specifically directed not to include simulants in the roadmap.

Session 8: Industry Panel

Brad Cothran (Boeing) started the industry session with an overview of ISS lessons learned as they pertain to long-duration spaceflight. Based on his experience with the ISS, he identified the top challenges for deep space missions to be logistics stowage, ECLSS reliability and maintainability, waste disposal, and real-time vehicle health management.

William Pratt (Lockheed, Plymouth Rock/Red Rocks) provided an overview of the Plymouth Rock and Red Rocks mission concepts to explore near-Earth asteroids and the martian moon Deimos, respectively. He then provided a summary of the enabling technologies for those missions which included microgravity exposure mitigation, radiation exposure mitigation, high reliability ECLSS, dust mitigation, and advanced EVA and mobility.

Laurence Price (Lockheed, Orion Project) provided a presentation summarizing the latest technology advances incorporated in the Orion crew module. Relative to the draft roadmap for TA07, Orion uses a closed loop life support system capable of supporting a 21 day mission with a crew of four. Additionally, Price informed the panel that the Orion crew module includes advanced thermal control, waste management, and fire detection and suppression technologies. When asked how Orion would handle EVAs, he responded that because Orion had no dedicated airlock, the entire cabin would depressurize and serve as the airlock.

Ken Bowersox (SpaceX) provided a brief commentary on the status of the development of the SpaceX Dragon crew module. According to Bowersox, the first crewed flight of the Dragon is expected within the next 3 years. Regarding technologies being used on Dragon, Bowersox reported that SpaceX was planning to use currently available ECLSS technologies.

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