the frequency of the electronics. He also said that his system could be developed without significant technology advances, although advances in power system technology would be beneficial.

Session 4: Safety Experts and Non-NASA Government Personnel

The final session of the day was aimed capturing the views of safety experts and non-NASA government agencies.

John Schmidt (Naval Research Laboratory) began the session with safety experts and non-NASA government personnel by noting that many safety systems can be generalized across multiple aviation, maritime, and space applications. He spent the majority of his talk reviewing efforts by the U.S. Navy to mitigate corrosion more effectively. Recent emphasis has been on improving and optimizing the human efforts to combat corrosion. That can be accomplished by improving tools, work environments, and training. The Navy is also working on improving incident data capture.

Michael Kelly (Federal Aviation Administration) endorsed NASA efforts to improve automated on-board checkout and vehicle health management. As a result, he said, U.S. systems will be operated in a manner similar to the operation of Russian systems, albeit with more advanced technology. Kelly also supported improvements in inspection, anomaly detection and identification, and telemetry and tracking. He agreed with an emphasis on commonality of communication, although he suggested that commonality will not be beneficial for most other systems because of the challenge of achieving “one-size-fits-all” solutions. This is particularly true with the diverse new vehicle designs being developed by emerging, nontraditional space launch companies. Kelly also foresees that new affordable vehicles will be tightly integrated systems with streamlined operations. He also noted that all of his suggestions could be achieved without much in the way of technology advances. Instead, the major challenges are associated with engineering and implementation.

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