aerodynamics, hypersonic flow, and the history of aerodynamics. He is a member for the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society, and an honorary fellow of the AIAA. He earned his Ph.D. in aeronautical and astronautical engineering from Ohio State University. He has served on three NRC Panels to Review Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) Proposals in Fluids (1996, 2002, and 2004).

JAMES B. ARMOR, JR., is vice president, strategy and business development, at ATK Spacecraft Systems & Services, where he is responsible for small satellite, satellite component, and engineering services business areas. Major General Armor is also on the Board of Directors of NAVSYS Corporation, Colorado Springs, Colorado, a firm providing advanced research and development products and services in Global Positioning System (GPS) and other timing and navigation systems. He is additionally on the Board of Advisors of the Secure World Foundation, a not-for-profit advocacy and think tank for sustainable space. Major General Armor retired from the USAF in 2008, where his last position was as director of the National Security Space Office (NSSO) in the Office of the Under Secretary of the Air Force, Washington, D.C. While there he was responsible for coordinating all defense and intelligence space activities. Prior to the NSSO, he was director, signals intelligence systems acquisition and operations at the National Reconnaissance Office, vice commander of the Warner Robins Air Logistics Center at Robins AFB, and program director of the NAVSTAR GPS at Los Angeles AFB. He earlier served as a combat crew missile launch officer, a laser signal intelligence analyst, and a satellite launch system integrator. In addition, he was selected and qualified as a DOD space shuttle payload specialist, and was first to study information warfare while a research fellow at the National War College. He is an associate fellow of AIAA. He recently was a member of two NRC committees, Rationale and Goals for U.S. Civil Space Program, and AF Scientific, Technical, Engineering and Math (STEM) Workforce Needs; and a reader in a third, Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies.

EDWARD F. CRAWLEY is the Ford Professor of Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and is a professor of aeronautics and astronautics and of engineering systems. He received an S.B., S.M., and Sc.D. in aerospace engineering from MIT. He was a founder of the Systems Design and Management Program at MIT, and has served as the department head of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT, the executive director of the Cambridge – MIT Institute, and currently serves as the director of the Bernard M. Gordon – MIT Engineering Leadership Program. His research focuses on the domain of architecture, design, and decision support in complex technical systems that involve economic and stakeholder issues. His current domains of architectural research include energy systems, Earth observation and human spaceflight. Dr. Crawley is a fellow of the AIAA and the Royal Aeronautical Society and is a member of three national academies of engineering, in Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the NAE in the United States. He has served as chair of the NASA Technology and Commercialization Advisory Committee, and was a member of the 1993 Presidential Advisory Committee on the Space Station Redesign, and the 2009 U.S. Human Spaceflight Plans (Augustine) Committee. He recently co-chaired the NRC committee reviewing the NASA Exploration Technology Development Program. He was a visiting lecturer at the Moscow Aviation Institute, and is a guest professor at Tsinghua University in Beijing. He was a finalist in the NASA astronaut selection in 1980. In 2004 he received the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award of the Boy Scouts of America. He has founded three entrepreneurial companies and currently sits on several corporate boards.

RAVI B. DEO is founder and principal of EMBR, an aerospace engineering and technology services company specializing in strategic planning, business development, program management and structural engineering. Dr. Deo formerly served as the director, technology, space systems market segment at Northrop Grumman Corporation’s Integrated Systems Sector. He has worked as a program and functional manager for government-sponsored projects on cryotanks, integrated airplane and space vehicle systems health management, and structures and materials, thermal protection systems, and software development. He has extensive experience in road mapping technologies, program planning, technical program execution, scheduling, budgeting, proposal preparation, and business management of technology development contracts. Among his significant accomplishments are the NASA-funded Space Launch Initiative, Next Generation Launch Technology, Orbital Space Plane, and High Speed Research programs, where he was responsible for the development of multidisciplinary technologies. Dr. Deo is the author



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