Cover Image


View/Hide Left Panel

     in an energy development project has different goals and expectations. Mutual understanding of other groups’ goals and expectations is fundamental to developing strong and constructive communication. Transparency regarding these goals and expectations is important to their management.


COGCC (Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission). 2011. COGCC Underground Injection Control and Seismicity in Colorado. January 19. Denver, CO: Department of Natural Resources. Available at (accessed February 2012).

Davis, S.D., and C. Frohlich. 1993. Did (or will) fluid injection cause earthquakes? Seismological Research Letters 64(3-4):207-224.

DOE (U.S. Department of Energy). 2009. Appendix J—Statement of Compliance with DOE Seismicity Protocol. Geysers Power Company’s Enhanced Geothermal System Demonstration Project, Northwest Geysers Geothermal Field, Sonoma County, California (DOE/EA 1733). Available at (accessed February 2012).

Hamilton, R.M., and L.J.P. Muffler. 1972. Microearthquakes at The Geysers geothermal area, California. Journal of Geophysical Research 77:2081-2086.

Majer, E.L., R. Baria, M. Stark, S. Oates, J. Bonner, B. Smith, and H. Asanuma. 2007. Induced seismicity associated with enhanced geothermal systems. Geothermics 36:185-222.

Majer, E.L., J. Nelson, A. Robertson-Tait, J. Savy, and I. Wong. 2012. Protocol for Addressing Induced Seismicity Associated with Enhanced Geothermal Systems. DOE/EE-0662. U.S. Department of Energy. Available at (accessed April 2012).

Zoback, M.D. 2012 (April 2). Managing the seismic risk posed by wastewater disposal. Earth Magazine 38-43. Available at (accessed April 2012).

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement