FIGURE I.2 Examples of microseismic borehole monitoring results following hydraulic fracturing procedure. (a) On the left is a map (top) and cross section (bottom) view in the Barnett Shale after a multistage hydraulic fracture treatment in a horizontal well (red line, triangles indicate perforation in wellbore where fluid is injected); the small blue dots show the location of microseismic events mapped from two borehole observation wells shown by red squares; seismic instruments are indicated by green circles. (b) On the right is a map (top) and two cross-section (bottom) views of two vertical hydraulic fractured wells (white circles) drilled in the tight gas sands of the Cotton Valley Formation. The small gray dots show microseismic locations during a gel-based and water-based hydraulic fracturing fluid injection. SOURCE: Left, Warpinski et al. (2005); right, Maxwell et al. (2010).
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Appendix I: Hydraulic Fracture Microseismic Monitoring ."
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