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INDUCED SEISMICITY RELATED TO FLUID INJECTION OR WITHDRAWAL AND CAUSAL MECHANISMS

Seismic events have been measured and felt at a limited number of energy development sites in the United States. Seismic events caused by or likely related to energy development have been documented in Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Texas (Figure S.1). Proving that a particular seismic event was caused by human activity is often difficult because conclusions about the causal relationship rely on local data, prior seismicity, and the preponderance of scientific studies. In this report we give examples of seismic events that

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FIGURE S.1 Sites in the United States and Canada with documented reports of seismicity caused by or likely related to energy development from various energy technologies. The reporting of the occurrence of small induced seismic events is limited by the detection and location thresholds of local surface-based seismic monitoring networks.



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