Notes

1 All costs expressed in fiscal year 2012 U.S. dollars unless otherwise specified.

2. National Research Council (NRC), New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 2010, p. 17.

3. NRC, New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2010, p. 97.

4. NRC, New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2010, p. 207.

5. NRC, Report of the Panel on Implementing Recommendations from the New Worlds, New Horizons Decadal Survey [prepublication version], The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 2010.

6. J. Green, P. Schechter, C. Baltay, R. Bean, D. Bennett, R. Brown, C. Conselice, M. Donahue, S. Gaudi, T. Lauer, S. Perlmutter, et al., Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) Interim Report, 2011, available at http://wfirst.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/WFIRST_Interim_Report.pdf.

7. European Space Agency (ESA), Euclid Definition Study Report (Red Book), ESA/SRE(2011)12, Paris, France, September 29, 2011.

8. ESA, Euclid Definition Study Report (Red Book), 2011.

9. ESA, Euclid Definition Study Report (Red Book), 2011.

10. ESA, Euclid Definition Study Report (Red Book), 2011.

11. J. Green, P. Schechter, C. Baltay, R. Bean, D. Bennett, R. Brown, C. Conselice, M. Donahue, S. Gaudi, T. Lauer, S. Perlmutter, et al., Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) Interim Report, 2011, available at http://wfirst.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/WFIRST_Interim_Report.pdf.

12. Paul Schechter, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, “Discussion of WFIRST and Euclid,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012.

13. NRC, Panel Reports—New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2010, p. 19.

14. Paul Schechter, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, “Discussion of WFIRST and Euclid,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012.

15. D. Weinberg, M. Mortonson, D. Eisenstein, C. Hirata, A. Riess, and E. Rozo, Observational Probes of Cosmic Acceleration, arXiv:1201.2434, submitted on January 11, 2012.

16. J. Green, P. Schechter, C. Baltay, R. Bean, D. Bennett, R. Brown, C. Conselice, M. Donahue, S. Gaudi, T. Lauer, S. Perlmutter, et al., Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) Interim Report, 2011, available at http://wfirst.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/WFIRST_Interim_Report.pdf.

17. Paul Schechter, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, “Discussion of WFIRST and Euclid,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012.

18. D. Huterer, M. Takada, G. Bernstein, and B. Jain, Systematic errors in future weak-lensing surveys: Requirements and prospects for self-calibration, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 366:1010, 2006.



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Notes 1 All costs expressed in fiscal year 2012 U.S. dollars unless otherwise specified. 2. National Research Council (NRC), New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 2010, p. 17. 3. NRC, New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2010, p. 97. 4. NRC, New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2010, p. 207. 5. NRC, Report of the Panel on Implementing Recommendations from the New Worlds, New Horizons Decadal Survey [prepublication version], The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 2010. 6. J. Green, P. Schechter, C. Baltay, R. Bean, D. Bennett, R. Brown, C. Conselice, M. Donahue, S. Gaudi, T. Lauer, S. Perlmutter, et al., Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) Interim Report, 2011, available at http://wfirst.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/WFIRST_Interim_Report.pdf. 7. European Space Agency (ESA), Euclid Definition Study Report (Red Book), ESA/SRE(2011)12, Paris, France, September 29, 2011. 8. ESA, Euclid Definition Study Report (Red Book), 2011. 9. ESA, Euclid Definition Study Report (Red Book), 2011. 10. ESA, Euclid Definition Study Report (Red Book), 2011. 11. J. Green, P. Schechter, C. Baltay, R. Bean, D. Bennett, R. Brown, C. Conselice, M. Donahue, S. Gaudi, T. Lauer, S. Perlmutter, et al., Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) Interim Report, 2011, available at http://wfirst.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/WFIRST_Interim_Report.pdf. 12. Paul Schechter, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, “Discussion of WFIRST and Euclid,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 13. NRC, Panel Reports—New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2010, p. 19.  14. Paul Schechter, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, “Discussion of WFIRST and Euclid,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 15. D. Weinberg, M. Mortonson, D. Eisenstein, C. Hirata, A. Riess, and E. Rozo, Observational Probes of Cosmic Acceleration, arXiv:1201.2434, submitted on January 11, 2012. 16. J. Green, P. Schechter, C. Baltay, R. Bean, D. Bennett, R. Brown, C. Conselice, M. Donahue, S. Gaudi, T. Lauer, S. Perlmutter, et al., Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) Interim Report, 2011, available at http://wfirst.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/WFIRST_Interim_Report.pdf. 17. Paul Schechter, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, “Discussion of WFIRST and Euclid,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 18. D. Huterer, M. Takada, G. Bernstein, and B. Jain, Systematic errors in future weak-lensing surveys: Requirements and prospects for self-calibration, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 366:1010, 2006. 14

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19. Chris Hirata, California Institute of Technology, “Discussion of Euclid and WFIRST Gravitational Lensing Capabilities,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 19, 2012. 20. G. Bernstein, Shape measurement biases from underfitting and ellipticity gradients, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 406:2793, 2010. 21. L.M. Voigt, S.L. Bridle, A. Amara, M. Cropper, T.D. Kitching, R. Massey, J. Rhodes, and T. Schrabback, The impact of galaxy colour gradients on cosmic shear measurement, arxiv:1105.5595, May 27, 2011. 22. LSST Corporation, Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, available at http://www.lsst.org/lsst/. 23. Chris Hirata, California Institute of Technology, “Discussion of Euclid and WFIRST Gravitational Lensing Capabilities,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 19, 2012. 24. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii. Pan-STARRS (Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System), available at http://pan-starrs.ifa.hawaii.edu/public/. 25. The Dark Energy Survey, available at http://www.darkenergysurvey.org/. 26. LSST Corporation, Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, available at http://www.lsst.org/lsst/. 27. Astro-WISE (Astronomical Wide-field Imaging System for Europe), The KIDS Survey, available at http://www.astro-wise.org/projects/KIDS/. 28. Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Hyper Subprime-Cam, available at http://www.naoj.org/Projects/HSC/index.html. 29. Yannick Mellier, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, “Euclid: Mapping the Geometry of the Dark Universe,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 30. J. Green, P. Schechter, C. Baltay, R. Bean, D. Bennett, R. Brown, C. Conselice, M. Donahue, S. Gaudi, T. Lauer, S. Perlmutter, et al., Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) Interim Report, 2011, available at http://wfirst.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/WFIRST_Interim_Report.pdf. 31. V. Trimble and J.A. Ceja, Productivity and impact of astronomical facilities: Three years of publications and citation rates, Astronomische Nachrichten 329(6):632-647, 2008. 32. J. Green, P. Schechter, C. Baltay, R. Bean, D. Bennett, R. Brown, C. Conselice, M. Donahue, S. Gaudi, T. Lauer, S. Perlmutter, et al., Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) Interim Report, 2011, available at http://wfirst.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/WFIRST_Interim_Report.pdf. 33. David Bennett, University of Notre Dame, “Exoplanet Microlensing Surveys with WFIRST and Euclid,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 19, 2012. 34. Dimitar Sasselov, Harvard University, “Impact of Current and Future Developments in Microlensing on Euclid and WFIRST,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 19, 2012. 35. George Helou, California Institute of Technology, “Lessons Learned from Past and Current NASA-ESA Collaborations,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 19, 2012. 36. Steven Kahn, Stanford University, “LSST, Euclid, and WFIRST,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 37. George Helou, California Institute of Technology, “Lessons Learned from Past and Current NASA-ESA Collaborations,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 19, 2012. 38. Michael Turner, University of Chicago, “Strategic Implications of a Small U.S. Investment in Euclid,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 19, 2012. 15

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39. Fabio Favata, European Space Agency, “The Euclid Mission in the ESA Science Programme,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 40. Paul Hertz, NASA, “Panel Discussion with NASA,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 41. Paul Hertz, NASA, “Panel Discussion with NASA,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 42. Jason Rhodes, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, conveyed to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 43. Yannick Mellier, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, “Euclid: Mapping the Geometry of the Dark Universe,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 44. Yannick Mellier, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, “Euclid: Mapping the Geometry of the Dark Universe,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 45. George Helou, California Institute of Technology, “Lessons Learned from Past and Current NASA-ESA Collaborations,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 19, 2012. 46. Yannick Mellier, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, “Euclid: Mapping the Geometry of the Dark Universe,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 47. Paul Hertz, NASA, “Panel Discussion with NASA,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 48. Chris Hirata, California Institute of Technology, “Discussion of Euclid and WFIRST Gravitational Lensing Capabilities,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 19, 2012. 49. Paul Hertz, NASA, “Panel Discussion with NASA,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 18, 2012. 50. The committee notes that, as of January 20, 2012, the NASA Solicitation and Proposal Integrated Review and Evaluation System (NSPIRES) system does not list any such program. 51. NRC, New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2010, p. 208. 52. Jason Rhodes, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “U.S. Perspective on a U.S. Contribution to Euclid,” presentation to the Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 19, 2012.  16