BRDIS has data on domestic and foreign activities of firms and can provide a much more elaborate picture of R&D activities than has previously been possible or has been fully exploited. Specifically, BRDIS offers more information on R&D service production and flows, in the United States and in U.S. firms abroad, than has been published. Understanding R&D services is particularly important because the developed economies are dominated by service industries. BRDIS data can also support measures of payments and receipts for R&D services abroad, by leading countries, which is critically important for policy purposes.

NCSES is expanding data linking activities to match BRDIS microdata with BEA survey data on U.S. foreign direct investment microdata. The agency also has fruitful interagency collaboration with BEA to integrate R&D into the system of national accounts. In its final report, the panel expects to offer specific recommendations on how to use these collaborations to produce new and better STI indicators.

RECOMMENDATION 4: The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics should more fully use data from its Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey to provide indicators on payments and receipts for R&D services between the United States and other countries.

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